Bước tới nội dung

Khác biệt giữa bản sửa đổi của “Đầu phiếu đa số tương đối”

:''"An[...] underlying cause of political instability and poor governance, in my opinion, is our electoral system and its related problems. It has been identified by a number of academics and practitioners that the First Past the Post system is such that a Member elected to Parliament is sometimes elected by a small percentage of voters where there are many candidates in a particular constituency. I believe that this system is part of the reason why voters ignore political parties and why candidates try an appeal to voters' material desires and relationships instead of political parties. [...] Moreover, this system creates a political environment where a Member is elected by a relatively small number of voters with the effect that this Member is then expected to ignore his party’s philosophy and instead look after that core base of voters in terms of their material needs. Another relevant factor that I see in relation to the electoral system is the proven fact that it is rather conducive, and thus has not prevented, corrupt elections practices such as ballot buying."''<ref>[http://solomonstarnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3184&change=103&changeown=89&Itemid=45 "Realising political stability"], Sir Peter Kenilorea, ''Solomon Star'', August 30, 2008</ref>
===Các quốc gia sử dụng===
Các quốc gia sử dụng hệ thống này để bầu các thành viên trong cơ quan lập pháp.
Countries that use this system to elect the lower or only house of their legislature include:
*[[Antigua and Barbuda]]
*[[Azerbaijan]]
*[[Ghana]]
*[[Grenada]]
*[[India]] (ProportionalThượng representationviện indùng upperđại housediện tỉ lệ)
*[[Jamaica]]
*[[Kenya]]
*[[Tuvalu]]
*[[Uganda]]
*[[United Kingdom]]
*[[United Kingdom]] (National parliamentary and local government elections in England and Wales only, not in elections for the EU Parliament, the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh and Northern Irish Assemblies, the London Mayor and Assembly, and local elections in Scotland and Northern Ireland)
*[[United States]] (exceptngoại fortrừ [[Louisiana]] and [[Washington]])
*[[Yemen]]
*[[Zambia]]
*[[Zimbabwe]]
 
{{seealso|Table of voting systems by nation}}
 
The plurality election system is used in the [[Republic of China]] on [[Taiwan]] for executive offices such as county magistrates, mayors, and the president, but not for legislative seats which used the [[single non-transferable vote]] system. This has produced an interesting [[Politics of the Republic of China|party structure]] in which there are two broad coalitions of parties which cooperate in executive elections but which compete internally in legislative elections. <ref>''Making Votes Count'', Gary Cox (1997)</ref>
 
India uses a [[proportional representation]] system for its upper house.
 
==Xem thêm==
1.305

lần sửa đổi