Khác biệt giữa các bản “Wikipedia:Độ lớn bài viết”

Buớc tưới chuyển hướng Bước tới tìm kiếm
không có tóm lược sửa đổi
(Trang mới: “{{subcat guideline|hướng dẫn biên tập|WP:KC}} {{nutshell|Dung lượng các bài viết không nên quá lớn hoặc quá nhỏ.}} {{Danh sách quy định}…”)
 
 
Về văn phong, chỉ nên tính phần văn xuôi ở thâm bài, vì điểm này sẽ giới hạn kích thước phần văn xuôi của ''thân bài''.
 
{{Đang dịch 2 (nguồn)|ngày=11
|tháng=10
|năm=2010
|1 =
}}
===Xem kích thước ===
"Readable prose" is the main body of the text, excluding material such as:
* Footnotes and reference sections ("see also", "external links", bibliography, etc.)
* Diagrams and images
* Tables and lists
* Wikilinks and external URLs
* Formatting and mark-up
To quickly estimate readable prose size, click on the printable version of the page, select all, copy, paste into an edit window, delete remaining items not counted in readable prose, and hit preview to see the page size warning. The following script may also be helpful for estimating readable prose size: [[User_talk:Dr_pda/prosesize.js]].
 
===Các trường hợp ngoại lệ===
Two exceptions are lists and articles summarizing certain fields. These act as summaries and starting points for a field and in the case of some broad subjects or lists either do not have a natural division point or work better as a single article. In such cases, the article should nonetheless be kept short where possible. Major subsections should use [[Wikipedia:Summary style|summary style]] where a separate article for a subtopic is reasonable, and the article should be written with greater than usual attention to readability.
 
Readers of such articles will usually accept complexity provided the article is well written, created with a sensible structure and style, and is an appropriate length for the topic. Most articles do not need to be excessively long, but when a long or very long article is unavoidable, its complexity should be minimized. ''Readability is still the key criterion.''
 
==Các vấn đề kỹ thuật==
{{See|Wikipedia:Browser notes|l1=Browser notes}}
In the past, because of some now rarely used browsers, technical considerations prompted a strong recommendation that articles be limited to a strict maximum of 32 [[Kilobyte|KB]] (~5 pages) in size, since editing any article longer than that would cause severe problems. With the advent of the section editing feature and the availability of upgrades for the affected browsers, this once hard and fast rule has been softened and many articles now exist which are over 32 KB of total text size.
 
Even so, the total article size should be kept reasonably low, because there are many users that edit from low-speed connections. Connections to consider include [[dial-up]] connections, [[smartphones]], and low-end broadband connections. The text on a 32 KB page takes about five seconds to load for editing on a dial-up connection, with accompanying images taking additional time, so pages significantly larger than this are difficult for older browsers to display. Articles of about 200 KB (~30 pages) are not uncommon given that many topics require depth and detail, but it's typical that articles of such size get [[WP:SPLIT|split]] into two or more sub-articles.
 
Mobile browsers can be a problem because these devices usually have little memory and a slow CPU; long pages can take too much time to process, if they can be fully loaded at all. Current [[microbrowser|mobile browsers]] and some older [[Web browser|PC web browsers]] cannot correctly edit long pages because they crop the source text to 32 KB. When using slow connections, e.g., a desktop computer with an analog modem dial-up or the wireless connection of some mobile devices, long articles can take too much time to load.
 
===Các bài rất dài===
{{main|WP:SPLIT}}
With some web browsers with certain plug-ins running in certain environments, articles over 400 KB may not render properly or at all. If possible, such very large articles should be split. If possible, split the content into logically separate articles. If necessary, split the article arbitrarily. Avoid arbitrarily splitting mainspace articles unless there is a demonstrated technical problem loading the page on at least one major browser. If you do split an article arbitrarily, be careful to link the resulting parts to each other. For non-mainspace articles, consider splitting off the top and bottom parts of the article and [[Wikipedia:Transclusion|transcluding]] them into the split parts. See [[Wikipedia:List of missing journals]] for an example of an arbitrary split with a transcluded top part. Be careful with transclusion in mainspace articles, as it may confuse inexperienced editors who make subsequent edits.
 
===Các trình duyệt web gặp trục trặc với các bài viết dài===
Under certain environments, Firefox 2.0 and Internet Explorer 6 are known to have difficulty loading articles over about 400 KB.
 
For notes on unrelated problems that various web browsers have with MediaWiki sites, and for a list of alternative browsers you can download, see [[Wikipedia:Browser notes]].
 
==Tách một bài viết==
{{shortcut|WP:SPINOUT}}
{{main|Wikipedia:Splitting}} {{details|Wikipedia:Summary style}}
When you split a section from a long article into an independent article, you should leave a short summary of the material that is removed along with a pointer to the independent article. In the independent article, put the {{t1|SubArticle}} or {{tl|Summary in}} tag on the talk page to create a banner that refers back to the main article.
 
To conform with [[WP:C|Wikipedia's licensing requirements]], which not only permit modification and reuse but also require attribution of the content contributors, the new page should be created with an [[Help:Edit summary|edit summary]] noting "split content from <nowiki>[[article name]]</nowiki>". ('''Do not omit this step or omit the page name.''') A note should also be made in the edit summary of the source article, "split content to <nowiki>[[article name]]</nowiki>", to protect against the article subsequently being deleted and the history of the new page eradicated.
 
===Không cần vội vã===
 
===Tách các mục gây tranh cãi hoặc ít quan trọng===
{{details|Wikipedia:Content forking}}
 
 
===Tách một mục không mong muốn===
 
===A rule of thumb===
{{Shortcut|WP:SIZERULE}}
Some useful rules of thumb for splitting articles, and combining small pages:
 
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="4" style="background:none;"
|-
| style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center;"| '''Readable prose size''' || '''What to do'''
|-
| style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center;"| &gt; 100 KB || Almost certainly should be divided
|-
| style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center;"| &gt; 60 KB || Probably should be divided (although the scope of a topic can sometimes justify the added reading time)
|-
| style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center;"| &gt; 40 KB || May need to be divided (likelihood goes up with size)
|-
| style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center;"| &lt; 40 KB || Length alone does not justify division
|-
| style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; width:10%;"| &lt; 1 KB || If an article or list has remained this size for over a couple of months, consider combining it with a related page. Alternatively, why not fix it by adding more info? See [[Wikipedia:Stub]].
|}
 
;Please note<nowiki>:</nowiki>
These guidelines apply somewhat less to [[Wikipedia:Disambiguation|disambiguation]] pages and naturally do not apply to [[Wikipedia:Redirect|redirects]]. They also apply less strongly to [[Wikipedia:List guideline|list]] articles, especially if splitting them would require breaking up a [[Help:Sorting|sortable]] table.
 
==Làm thế nào để tìm các bài viết dài==
 
==Nếu bạn gặp trục trặc khi sửa đổi bài dài==
 
{{Wikipedia policies and guidelines}}

Trình đơn chuyển hướng

Không gian tên

Biến thể

Khác