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Cách sử dụng[sửa mã nguồn]

{{{short_title}}}
[[Tập tin:{{{image}}}|{{{imagesize}}}|alt={{{imagealt}}}|{{{imagealt}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
{{{legislature}}}
{{{long_title}}}
Trích dẫn{{{citation}}}
Phạm vi lãnh thổ{{{territorial_extent}}}
Được xem xét bởi{{{considered_by}}}
Được ban hành bởi{{{enacted_by}}}
Ngày thông qua{{{date_passed}}}
Ngày ban hành{{{date_enacted}}}
Được ban hành bởi{{{enacted_by2}}}
Ngày thông qua{{{date_passed2}}}
Ngày ban hành{{{date_enacted2}}}
Ngày phê chuẩn về{{{date_assented}}}
Ngày của Hoàng gia đồng ý{{{royal_assent}}}
Ngày ký tên{{{date_signed}}}
Được ký tên bởi{{{signed_by}}}
Ngày bắt đầu{{{date_commenced}}}
Ngày hiệu quả{{{date_effective}}}
Ngày hết hạn{{{date_of_expiry}}}
Ngày bãi bỏ{{{date_repealed}}}
Quản lý bởi{{{administered_by}}}
Lịch sử lập pháp
Dự luật đã giới thiệu trong {{{enacted_by}}}{{{bill}}}
Trích dẫn dự luật{{{bill_citation}}}
Dự luật xuất bản vào{{{bill_date}}}
Được giới thiệu bởi{{{introduced_by}}}
Đọc thứ nhất{{{1st_reading}}}
Đọc thứ hai{{{2nd_reading}}}
Đọc thứ ba{{{3rd_reading}}}
Ủy ban hội nghị dự luật được thông qua{{{conf_committee_passed}}}
Báo cáo của ủy ban{{{committee_report}}}
Dự luật đã giới thiệu trong {{{enacted_by2}}}{{{bill2}}}
Trích dẫn dự luật{{{bill_citation2}}}
Dự luật xuất bản vào{{{bill_date2}}}
Được giới thiệu bởi{{{introduced_by2}}}
Đọc thứ nhất{{{1st_reading2}}}
Đọc thứ hai{{{2nd_reading2}}}
Đọc thứ ba{{{3rd_reading2}}}
Ủy ban hội nghị dự luật được thông qua{{{conf_committee_passed2}}}
Báo cáo của ủy ban{{{committee_report2}}}
Ngày được thông qua bởi ủy ban hội nghị{{{date_conf_committee}}}
Sách trắng{{{white_paper}}}
Tu chính án
{{{amendments}}}
Bãi bỏ pháp chế
{{{repeals}}}
Pháp chế có liên quan
{{{related_legislation}}}
Tóm tắt
{{{summary}}}
Từ khóa
{{{keywords}}}
Trạng thái: Chưa rõ

This template summarizes information about a piece of legislation or a bill. It is designed to be generic so that it can be used for the bills, statutes and subsidiary legislation (delegated legislation) of any jurisdiction. If you have suggestions as to how the template may be improved, please leave a message on the talk page.

Các tham số được sử dụng phổ thông[sửa mã nguồn]

{{Infobox legislation
|short_title         = 
|legislature         = 
|image               = 
|imagesize           = 
|imagealt            = 
|caption             = 
|long_title          = 
|citation            = 
|enacted_by          = 
|date_enacted        = 
|date_passed         = 
|enacted_by2         = 
|date_enacted2       = 
|date_passed2        = 
|date_assented       = 
|royal_assent        = 
|date_commenced      = 
|bill                = 
|bill_citation       = 
|bill_date           = 
|introduced_by       = 
|1st_reading         = 
|2nd_reading         = 
|3rd_reading         = 
|committee_report    = 
|bill2               = 
|bill_citation2      = 
|bill_date2          = 
|introduced_by2      = 
|1st_reading2        = 
|2nd_reading2        = 
|3rd_reading2        = 
|committee_report2   = 
|white_paper         = 
|amendments          = 
|repeals             = 
|related_legislation = 
|summary             = 
|keywords            = 
|status              = 
}}

Tất cả các tham số có sẵn[sửa mã nguồn]

{{Infobox legislation
|short_title            = 
|legislature            = 
|image                  = 
|imagesize              = 
|imagealt               = 
|caption                = 
|long_title             = 
|citation               = 
|territorial_extent     = 
|considered_by          =
|enacted_by             = 
|date_enacted           = 
|date_passed            = 
|enacted_by2            = 
|date_enacted2          = 
|date_passed2           = 
|date_assented          = 
|royal_assent           = 
|date_signed            = 
|signed_by              = 
|date_commenced         = 
|date_effective         =
|date_of_expiry         = 
|date_repealed          = 
|administered_by        = 
|bill                   = 
|bill_citation          = 
|bill_date              = 
|introduced_by          = 
|1st_reading            = 
|2nd_reading            = 
|3rd_reading            = 
|conf_committee_passed  = 
|committee_report       = 
|bill2                  = 
|bill_citation2         = 
|bill_date2             = 
|introduced_by2         = 
|1st_reading2           = 
|2nd_reading2           = 
|3rd_reading2           = 
|conf_committee_passed2 = 
|committee_report2      = 
|date_conf_committee    = 
|white_paper            = 
|amendments             = 
|repeals                = 
|related_legislation    = 
|summary                = 
|keywords               = 
|status                 = 
}}

Các tham số[sửa mã nguồn]

This infobox takes a number of parameters, which are all optional:

Tham số Mô tả
Basic information
short_title The short title of the legislation, which should preferably be the same as the article title. If the parameter is left blank or omitted, the article name is used.
image An image to represent the person or institution that enacted the legislation, such as a coat of arms, a seal or a photograph of a building. Type the name of the image without the "File:" prefix and do not wikilink it. If you omit this parameter, the template automatically displays an image according to the scheme at {{Infobox legislation/images}}.
imagesize The width of the image in pixels (px), particularly if it is less than 180 px. Type the number without the "px" suffix ("150", not "150px"). If this parameter is left blank or omitted, the image size defaults to 180 px.
imagealt Alt text for the image. For more information, see "Wikipedia:Alternative text for images".
caption A caption for the image. Terms in the caption can be wikilinked, if desired.
legislature The name of the legislature that enacted the legislation. You only need to use this parameter if the legislature of the jurisdiction in question is bicameral, and you wish to state its name rather than just the names of the upper house (or senate) and lower house, which can be specified using |enacted_by= and |enacted_by2=.

If you have used |enacted_by= and |enacted_by2= and wish to have the template automatically link to an image representing the legislature, you will need to specify the name of the legislature using |legislature=.

long_title The long title of the legislation.
citation The citation of the legislation. If the legislation is available online, use a citation template where available to generate an external link automatically, or else create a link manually. If the citation uses square brackets, replace them with [ and ] when putting them inside an external link.
territorial_extent The territorial area to which the legislation extends or applies. If possible provide a wikilink.
enacted_by The name of the person or institution that enacted the legislation. Wikilink the name to a Wikipedia article about the person or institution, if there is one. To cause the template to automatically display an image representing the person or institution, such as a coat of arms, a seal or a photograph of a building, enter the name of the person or institution as shown at {{Infobox legislation/images}}.

In a bicameral jurisdiction, use this parameter to specify the legislative chamber that initiated the legislation.

date_enacted
date_passed
The date the legislation was enacted or passed. Select either |date_enacted= or |date_passed= depending on whether the term enacted or passed is customarily used in the jurisdiction. In line with "Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Linking and autoformatting of dates", do not wikilink dates.
enacted_by2
date_enacted2
date_passed2
In a bicameral legislature, use these parameters to specify the name of the legislative chamber that considered the legislation after it was initiated by the other chamber, and the date when the second chamber enacted or passed the legislation.
date_assented
royal_assent
date_signed
signed_by
Use one of the following:
  1. |date_assented= – to indicate the date when a head of state or his or her representative gives formal assent to the legislation.
  2. |royal_assent= – to indicate the date when a constitutional monarch gives Royal Assent to legislation.
  3. |date_signed= and |signed_by= – to indicate the date when a president (e.g., the President of the United States) or a state governor (e.g., the governor of one of the US states signs a piece of legislation, and the signer's identity.

Do not use parameter(s) from two or three of the above categories together.

date_commenced
date_effective
The date when the legislation commenced (came into force), or became effective as law. Use the parameter that corresponds to the term customary in the jurisdiction, not both the parameters.
Legislation history
bill The name of the bill that was eventually enacted. Wikilink the name to an article about the bill, if there is one.

In a bicameral jurisdiction, use this parameter to state the name of the bill that was introduced by the legislative chamber that initiated the legislation.

bill_citation The citation of the bill. If the bill is available online, create an external link to it. If the citation uses square brackets, replace them with [ and ] when putting them inside an external link.
bill_date The date when the bill was published.
introduced_by The name of the legislator who introduced the bill.
1st_reading
2nd_reading
3rd_reading
The dates of the first, second and third readings of the bill in the legislature. If the legislative debates are available online, create external links to them.
conf_committee_passed The date when the legislative chamber of a bicameral legislature that introduced a bill passed the version of the bill passed by a conference committee.
committee_report The name of a report issued by a legislative committee about the bill that was eventually enacted. If the report is available online, create an external link to it.
bill2
bill_citation2
bill_date2
introduced_by2
1st_reading2
2nd_reading2
3rd_reading2
conf_committee_passed2
committee_report2
In a bicameral legislature, use these parameters to specify information about the bill that was considered in one chamber after it was passed by the other chamber.
date_conf_committee The date when a conference committee passed a bill. This parameter should be used together with |conf_committee_passed= and |conf_committee_passed2= – use these parameters to indicate the dates when the upper and lower legislative chambers passed the version of the bill passed by the conference committee.
white_paper The name of a white paper relating to the legislation. If the white paper is available online, create an external link to it.
amendments The citations of any notable amendments to the legislation. If the texts of the amendments are available online, create external links to them.
repealing_legislation The citations of any notable legislation repealing parts or previous versions of the legislation. If the texts of the repealing legislation are available online, create external links to them.
related_legislation The names and citations of any related pieces of legislation. Where possible, link the name of a related piece of legislation to a Wikipedia article about it, and link the citation to an external website containing the text of the related legislation.
summary A very brief summary of the subjects that the legislation deals with.
keywords A list of keywords that describe the legal issues dealt with by the legislation. List keywords alphabetically, separate them with commas, and link them to appropriate Wikipedia articles wherever possible; for example, "[[Bailment]], [[common carrier]], [[negligence]], [[strict liability]]".
Status
status The status of the bill or legislation. The possible values are:
  • pending
  • not passed
  • current
  • not yet in force
  • not fully in force
  • halted
  • in force
  • amended
  • expired
  • repealed
  • spent
  • struck down

If some value other than the ones above is given to |status=, "Unknown" is displayed.

Các ví dụ[sửa mã nguồn]

Statute[sửa mã nguồn]

Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act
An Act to make temporary provisions for the maintenance of public order, the control of supplies by sea to Singapore, and the prevention of strikes and lock-outs in essential services
Trích dẫnOrdinance No. 26 of 1955, now Bản mẫu:Singapore Statute
Phạm vi lãnh thổWhole of Singapore
Được ban hành bởiLegislative Assembly of Singapore
Ngày ban hành22 tháng 9, 1955 (1955-09-22)
Ngày bắt đầu21 October 1955
Lịch sử lập pháp
Dự luật xuất bản vào31 August 1955
Được giới thiệu bởiChief Secretary William Allmond Codrington Goode
Đọc thứ nhất18 August 1955
Đọc thứ hai22 tháng 9, 1955 (1955-09-22)
Đọc thứ ba22 tháng 9, 1955 (1955-09-22)
Trạng thái: Có hiệu lực
{{Infobox legislation
|short_title        = Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act
|long_title         = An Act to make temporary provisions for the maintenance of public order, the control of supplies by sea to Singapore, and the prevention of strikes and lock-outs in essential services
|citation           = Ordinance No. 26 of 1955, now {{Singapore Statute|cap=67|ed=2000}}
|territorial_extent = Whole of [[Singapore]]
|enacted_by         = [[Legislative Assembly of Singapore]]
|date_enacted       = {{start date|1955|9|22|df=y}}
|date_commenced     = 21 October 1955
|bill_date          = 31 August 1955
|introduced_by      = Chief Secretary [[William Allmond Codrington Goode]]
|1st_reading        = 18 August 1955
|2nd_reading        = {{start date|1955|9|22|df=y}}
|3rd_reading        = {{start date|1955|9|22|df=y}}
|status             = in force
}}

Bill[sửa mã nguồn]

Naval Aid Bill
Parliament-Ottawa.jpg
An Act to authorize measures for increasing the effective naval forces of the Empire.
Được xem xét bởiParliament of Canada
Lịch sử lập pháp
Được giới thiệu bởiRobert Borden
Đọc thứ nhất5 tháng 12, 1912 (1912-12-05)
Đọc thứ ba15 tháng 5, 1913 (1913-05-15)
Trạng thái: Không được thông qua
{{Infobox legislation
|short_title   = Naval Aid Bill
|long_title    = An Act to authorize measures for increasing the effective naval forces of the Empire. 
|considered_by = [[Parliament of Canada]]
|introduced_by = [[Robert Borden]]
|1st_reading   = {{start date|1912|12|5|df=y}}
|3rd_reading   = {{start date|1913|5|15|df=y}}
|status        = Not passed
}}

Thông tin kỹ thuật[sửa mã nguồn]

The |image= parameter in the template contains (with slight modifications) the following function:

{{#gọi:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image={{#if:{{{image|}}}
  |{{{image}}}
  |{{Infobox legislation/images
     |image={{ifempty|{{{legislature|}}}|{{{considered_by|}}}|{{{enacted_by|}}}}}
     |date={{{date_enacted|}}} 
    }}
  }}|size={{{imagesize|}}}|sizedefault=frameless|alt={{{imagealt|}}}}}

The function does the following tasks:

  • If the parameter |image= is used in the template, that image is displayed.
  • If |image= is not used, a check is done to see if the value of |legislature= or |enacted_by= is listed in {{Infobox legislation/images}}. If the result is blank, then no image is displayed. If the result is an image file (the coat of arms or seal, or a photograph of a building representing the person or institution that enacted the legislation), then the image file is displayed. {{Infobox legislation/images}} can be tweaked to display different images depending on the date when the legislation was decided – for help with this, leave a message on the talk page.
  • If a value is specified for |imagesize=, the image is given that width; otherwise the image width defaults to "frameless".
  • In either case the image is given alt text specified by |imagealt=.

JackLee came up with the first version of this function for {{Infobox court case}}, but thanks are due to Chris Cunningham for coming up with a cleaner solution that works better.

Xem thêm[sửa mã nguồn]