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NB. {{Infobox ship begin}} contains code for automatically making the ship name display in italics in the article title. This will only work with titles beginning with one of the prefixes (HMS, SS, etc.) that are listed in the code of Bản mẫu:Ship prefix. If this does not work on a particular article (after làm tươi), then please either (1) add the prefix to Bản mẫu:Ship prefix (provided it is a single "word"); or (2) italicize the title manually (outside the ship infobox templates) using {{Italic title}} or {{Italic title prefixed}}; or (3) italicize part of the title manually by adding the following example to the top of the article, after the infobox: {{DISPLAYTITLE:RV ''Oceania''|noerror}}. (If putting it at the top of the article doesn't work, check to make sure the display title has all of the same characters as the actual title.)

This ship infobox supports a very large number of fields, including some specialty fields that will rarely be used. Some fields simply don't make sense in some cases. Some different sets of code have been prepared using only the most common fields. Select the most appropriate set below and copy and paste the entire code to the top of a ship article, then fill in as many fields as possible. Empty fields should generally be kept so that a future editor can fill them in unless they make no sense for the ship in question.

The "Full" code contains every field the template supports. If you want, you can copy one of the simplified sets of code and add a few fields from the "Full" code.

If you have ideas for improvements or would like to add brand new fields to these templates, please post on Thảo luận Bản mẫu:Infobox ship begin to discuss the changes and how they should be implemented.

Cách sử dụng[sửa mã nguồn]

Mã cho tàu cá nhân[sửa mã nguồn]

For infoboxes of individual ships, please copy the appropriate example for the type of ship:

If none of the above fit, you may use this full setup:

Code for ship classes[sửa mã nguồn]

For infoboxes of ship classes, please copy the appropriate example for the type of ship class:

If none of the above fit, you may use this full setup:

Các thông số[sửa mã nguồn]

Most fields are self-explanatory, but here are some tips (see the usage guide for a complete explanation of all parameter fields):

  1. Ship image If your article does not have an image in this field, the ship will automatically be listed at the hidden category Category:Ship infoboxes without an image. Editors can use the category to easily see a list of infoboxes where no image is attached and work to find pictures.
  2. Ship caption, the caption for the ship's picture, should be left blank if no extra information about the picture is available; don't just fill in the ship's name.
  3. Ship country is necessary when a ship served under multiple countries, but not really necessary otherwise.
  4. Ship class should include both the class and the type of ship. For example, Balao-class diesel-electric submarine provides complete information. It can be replaced with Ship type, which displays as "Type:", for ships that aren't members of a class.
  5. Ship name is necessary when a ship served under multiple names, but not really necessary otherwise.
  6. Ship fate and Ship status generally shouldn't both be filled in. Whichever one sounds most appropriate for the situation should be filled in. Use Ship fate when the ship sank or was scrapped, and use Ship status when the ship is active, kept in reserve, or currently a museum.
  7. Ship displacement and Ship tonnage are not the same thing. Displacement is the mass of a ship in a particular condition, like when it's fully loaded for battle. It is generally used for military vessels. Tonnage is a measurement of the cargo capacity of a vessel and isn't exactly correlated with weight: a ship of a particular tonnage will have a different mass depending on whether it's full of grain or iron. Entries in either parameter need to specifically identify the units in which they are being measured, such as long tons, metric tons or tonnes (unacceptable in articles using American English, use metric tons) or gross register tons or whatever. If possible, use templates such as {{GT}}, {{NetT}} and {{DWT}}.

Alternate spellings[sửa mã nguồn]

Some fields provide alternate spellings and should never both be filled in:

  1. "Ship honors" and "Ship honours"
  2. "Ship draft" and "Ship draught"
  3. "Ship armor" and "Ship armour"

Parameter value import from Wikidata[sửa mã nguồn]

Infobox ship can import parameter values from Wikidata (WD). A Wikidata property is roughly equivalent to an infobox parameter. When there is a page at Wikidata that matches the page at Wikipedia, and the Wikidata page has a property that matches the infobox parameter, then the infobox parameter can take its value from the Wikidata property.

These parameters, if left empty or omitted from the template, may be filled from Wikidata:

When the infobox is rendered in an article, those parameters that use Wikidata property values will display an icon (Imported from Wikidata) linked to the Wikidata source page. Articles using Wikdata properties are listed in Thể loại:Ship infoboxes importing Wikidata.

If an imported value is inappropriate or wrong, the corresponding Wikidata item should be corrected. The template code will only display a parameter's label and value if the parameter has an assigned value, whether provided locally or provided by Wikidata. If display of a Wikidata property value is not appropriate or desired, use the reserved value none as the parameter value to block Wikdata import. Articles blocking Wikdata property import are listed in Thể loại:Ship infoboxes blocking Wikidata import.

Loại bỏ các trường thêm[sửa mã nguồn]

It's generally a good idea not to remove fields, because another editor might be able to provide the information later. However, in the case of mutually exclusive fields, like "Ship armor" and "Ship armour", the unused field can be removed if desired. Also, if a section is repeated (to show multiple periods in commission, for example), fields that are inappropriate to duplicate can be removed if desired. Keep in mind that a ship from the Age of Sail would not need the fields for aircraft or electronic warfare instruments and in opposite an aircraft carrier would not need the fields for a sail plan. A surface ship would not require fields for submarines etc.

Special capabilities[sửa mã nguồn]

Repeating sections[sửa mã nguồn]

This infobox allows you to repeat sections. To repeat, just make a copy of the section to be repeated. You can repeat the Image, Career, or Characteristics sections. Here is an example, with extra fields removed for clarity:

USS Bang (SS-385)
Uss bang.jpg
Phục vụ (U.S.)
Tên gọi: USS Bang (SS-385)
Đặt lườn: 30 April 1943
Hạ thủy: 30 August 1943
Nhập biên chế: 4 December 1943
Xuất biên chế: 1 October 1972
Xóa đăng bạ: 18 November 1974
Số phận: Transferred to Spain, 1 October 1972
Phục vụ (Spain)
Tên gọi: SPS Cosme Garcia (S34)
Trưng dụng: 1 October 1972
Số phận: scrapped 1983
Đặc điểm khái quát
Trọng tải choán nước: 1,526 tons surfaced
2,391 tons
Độ dài: 311 ft 8 in (95,00 m)
Sườn ngang: 27 ft 3 in (8,31 m)
Thủy thủ đoàn
đầy đủ:
{|{{Infobox ship begin |infobox caption=}}
{{Infobox ship image
| Ship image=Uss bang.jpg
| Ship image size=300px
| Ship caption=
{{Infobox ship career
| Ship country=US
| Ship flag={{USN flag|1972}}
| Ship name=USS ''Bang'' (SS-385)
| Ship laid down=30 April 1943
| Ship launched=30 August 1943
| Ship commissioned=4 December 1943
| Ship decommissioned=1 October 1972
| Ship struck=18 November 1974
| Ship fate=Transferred to Spain, 1 October 1972
{{Infobox ship career
| Ship country=Spain
| Ship flag={{shipboxflag|Spain}}
| Ship name=SPS ''Cosme Garcia'' (S34)
| Ship acquired=1 October 1972
| Ship fate=scrapped 1983
{{Infobox ship characteristics
| Header caption=
| Ship displacement=1,526 tons surfaced<br>2,391 tons
| Ship length=311 ft 8 in (95 m)
| Ship beam=27 ft 3 in (8.3 m)
| Ship complement=66

Hiding section headers[sửa mã nguồn]

It is possible to hide the headers for the Career and General Characteristics sections, in order to repeat fields. For example, a ship might have been commissioned, decommissioned, recommissioned, and decommissioned again. To have the second commission and decommission dates, use additional a second Infobox ship career template with its header hidden, like this:

USS Wisconsin (BB-64) underway at sea, circa 1988-1991 (NH 97206-KN).jpg
USS Wisconsin at sea, circa 1990
Phục vụ
Đặt lườn: 25 January 1941
Hạ thủy: 7 December 1943
Nhập biên chế: 16 April 1944
Xuất biên chế: 1 July 1948
Tái biên chế: 3 March 1951
Xuất biên chế: 8 March 1958
Tái biên chế: 1 August 1986
Xuất biên chế: 30 September 1991
Xóa đăng bạ: 17 March 2006
Số phận: Museum ship
Đặc điểm khái quát (1943)
Trọng tải choán nước: 45,000 tons
Độ dài: 887.2 ft (270 m)
Sườn ngang: 108.2 ft (33 m)
Mớn nước: 28.9 ft (8.8 m)
Tốc độ: 33 knots (61 km/h)
Thủy thủ đoàn
đầy đủ:
1,921 officers and men
Vũ trang: big guns
{|{{Infobox ship begin |infobox caption=}}
{{Infobox ship image
| Ship image=Uss wisconsin bb.jpg
| Ship image size=300px
| Ship caption=USS ''Wisconsin'' at sea, circa 1990
{{Infobox ship career
| Hide header=
| Ship caption=(US)
| Ship flag={{USN flag|1992}}
| Ship laid down=25 January 1941
| Ship launched=7 December 1943
| Ship commissioned=16 April 1944
| Ship decommissioned=1 July 1948
{{Infobox ship career
| Hide header=yes
| Ship recommissioned=3 March 1951
| Ship decommissioned=8 March 1958
{{Infobox ship career
| Hide header=yes
| Ship recommissioned=1 August 1986
| Ship decommissioned=30 September 1991
| Ship struck=17 March 2006
| Ship fate=[[Museum ship]]
{{Infobox ship characteristics
| Hide header=
| Header caption=(1943)
| Ship displacement=45,000 tons
| Ship length=887.2 ft (270 m)
| Ship beam=108.2 ft (33 m)
| Ship draft=28.9 ft (8.8 m)
| Ship speed=33 knots (61 km/h)
| Ship complement=1,921 officers and men
| Ship armament=big guns

Header captions[sửa mã nguồn]

The General Characteristics section can be given a caption using the Header caption field. See the USS Wisconsin example above, which has a header caption of (1943) to indicate that the characteristics provided are as of 1943.

Thêm trường tùy chọn[sửa mã nguồn]

Uss west virginia bb.jpg
West Virginia in San Francisco Bay, circa 1934.
Phục vụ
Đặt hàng: 5 December 1916
Đặt lườn: 12 April 1920
Hạ thủy: 17 November 1921
Nhập biên chế: 1 December 1923
Sunk: 7 December 1941
Raised: 17 May 1942
Xuất biên chế: 9 January 1947
Xóa đăng bạ: 1 March 1959
Biệt danh: "Wee Vee"
Số phận: sold for scrap
Đặc điểm khái quát
Trọng tải choán nước: 33,590 tons
Độ dài: 624 ft (190 m)
Sườn ngang: 97.3 ft (29.6 m)
Mớn nước: 30.5 ft (9.3 m)
Tốc độ: 21.0 knots (39 km/h)
Thủy thủ đoàn
đầy đủ:
1,407 officers and men
Vũ trang: big guns

It is possible to add custom fields to the infobox using standard Wiki table syntax. This is not encouraged, because infoboxes are intended to standardize the appearance of ship articles, but it can be done if needed. See the below example, where "Sunk:" and "Raised:" fields are added to the ship's career:

{|{{Infobox ship begin |infobox caption=}}
{{Infobox ship image
|Ship image=Uss west virginia bb.jpg
|Ship image size=300px
|Ship caption=''West Virginia'' in San Francisco Bay, circa 1934.
{{Infobox ship career
| Hide header=
| Ship caption=US
| Ship flag={{USN flag|1947}}
| Ship ordered=5 December 1916
| Ship laid down=12 April 1920
| Ship launched=17 November 1921
| Ship commissioned=1 December 1923
| Sunk:
|7 December 1941
|17 May 1942
{{Infobox ship career
| Hide header=yes
| Ship decommissioned=9 January 1947
| Ship fate=sold for scrap
| Ship struck=1 March 1959
| Ship nickname="Wee Vee"
{{Infobox ship characteristics
| Hide header=
| Ship displacement=33,590 tons
| Ship length=624 ft (190 m)
| Ship beam=97.3 ft (29.6 m)
| Ship draft=30.5 ft (9.3 m)
| Ship speed=21.0 knots (39 km/h)
| Ship complement=1,407 officers and men
| Ship armament=big guns

TemplateData[sửa mã nguồn]

Đây là các Dữ liệu về bản mẫu này. Nó được sử dụng bởi Trình soạn thảo trực quan.

Thông tin tàu thuyền bắt đầu

Start template for Infobox ship (see template documentation), includes optional caption for the infobox

Tham số bản mẫu

Tham sốMiêu tảKiểuTrạng thái
infobox captionInfobox caption

Caption for the infobox. Set to yes to use formatted article title; set to nodab to use formatted article title without parenthetical disambiguator; all other values become infobox caption.

Chuỗitùy chọn

Xem thêm[sửa mã nguồn]