Chất (bài Tây)
Buớc tưới chuyển hướng Bước tới tìm kiếm
Lịch sử[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]
|Chất kiểu Latinh|
|Tây Ban Nha[b]||Cups
|Đức - Thụy Sĩ[d]||Roses[e]
||Rô (tiles, diamonds)
Ghi chú[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]
- ^ Sample pips come from the Venetian pattern
- ^ Sample pips come from the Castilian pattern
- ^ The French suit system is generally considered to be separate from the Germans and Swiss due to its different set of face cards. However, when comparing only the pips, it is Germanic.
- ^ There does not appear to be a single universal system of correspondences between Swiss-German and French suits. Cards combining the two suit systems are manufactured in different versions with different combinations of suits.
- ^ Swiss-German: Rosen
- ^ Swiss-German: Schellen
- ^ Swiss-German: Eichel
- ^ Swiss-German: Schilten
- ^ German: Herz (heart), Rot (red), Hungarian: Piros (red), Czech: Srdce (heart), Červené (red)
- ^ German: Schellen (bells), Hungarian: Tök (pumpkin), Czech: Kule (balls)
- ^ German: Eichel (acorn), Ecker (beechnut), Hungarian: Makk (acorn), Czech: Žaludy (acorns)
- ^ German: Laub (leaves), Grün (green), Gras (grass), Blatt (leaf) Hungarian: Zöld (green), Czech: Listy (leaves), Zelené (green)
- ^ The shape of the clubs symbol is believed to be an adaptation of the German suit of acorns. Clubs are also known as clovers, flowers and crosses. The French name for the suit is trèfles meaning clovers, the Italian name for the suit is fiori meaning flowers and the German name for the suit is Kreuz meaning cross.
- ^ In the Germanic countries the spade was the symbol associated with the blade of a spade. The English term spade originally did not refer to the tool but was derived from the Spanish word espada meaning sword from the Spanish suit. Those symbols were later changed to resemble the digging tool instead to avoid confusion. In German and Dutch the suit is alternatively named Schippen and schoppen respectively, meaning shovels.