Chi rắn hổ mang

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Naja
Indiancobra.jpg
Naja naja, rắn hổ mang bạnh
Phân loại khoa học
Giới (regnum) Animalia
Ngành (phylum) Chordata
Phân ngành (subphylum) Vertebrata
Lớp (class) Reptilia
Bộ (ordo) Squamata
Phân bộ (subordo) Serpentes
Họ (familia) Elapidae
Chi (genus) Naja
Laurenti, 1768

Chi rắn hổ mang (danh pháp khoa học: Naja) là một chi rắn độc thuộc họ Elapidae thường quen gọi là rắn hổ mang. Những loài thuộc chi này phân bố khắp châu Phi, Tây Nam Á, Nam Á, và Đông Nam Á.

Phân loại[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Naja

(Naja)


Naja (Naja) naja





Naja (Naja) kaouthia



Naja (Naja) atra





Naja (Naja) mandalayensis



Naja (Naja) siamensis



Naja (Naja) sputatrix






(Afronaja)



Naja (Afronaja) pallida



Naja (Afronaja) nubiae





Naja (Afronaja) katiensis




Naja (Afronaja) nigricollis




Naja (Afronaja) ashei




Naja (Afronaja) mossambica



Naja (Afronaja) nigricincta








(Boulengerina)


Naja (Boulengerina) multifasciata



Naja (Boulengerina) christyi





Naja (Boulengerina) christyi



Naja (Boulengerina) annulata




Naja (Boulengerina) melanoleuca




(Uraeus)


Naja (Uraeus) nivea




Naja (Uraeus) senegalensis




Naja (Uraeus) haje



Naja (Uraeus) arabica





Naja (Uraeus) annulifera



Naja (Uraeus) anchietae








Các loài rắn hổ mang[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Species[1] Authority[1] Subsp.*[1] Common name Geographic range
N. anchietae Bocage, 1879 0 Rắn hổ mang Anchieta (Angolan Cobra) Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, eastern Zimbabwe
N. annulata (Buchholz and Peters, 1876) 1 Naja annulata Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and the province of Cabinda in Angola
N. annulifera Peters, 1854 0 Naja annulifera Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe
N. antiqua Rage, 1976 0 Moroccan cobra Miocene-aged strata of Morocco
N. arabica Scortecci, 1932 0 Rắn hổ mang Ả Rập Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
N. ashei Wüster and Broadley, 2007 0 Naja ashei (giant spitting cobra) Southern Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, eastern Uganda
N. atra Cantor, 1842 0 Rắn hổ mang Southern China, northern Laos, Taiwan, northern Vietnam
N. christyi (Boulenger, 1904) 0 Naja christyi Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, and in the province of Cabinda in Angola
N. guineensis Broadley, Trape, Chirio, Ineich &Wüster, 2018 0 Black forest cobra Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Togo
N. haje Linnaeus, 1758 0 Egyptian cobra Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt
N. iberica Szyndlar, 1985 Spanish cobra Miocene-aged strata of Spain
N. kaouthia Lesson, 1831 0 Monocled cobra Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, southern China, eastern India, Laos, northwestern Malaysia, Nepal, Thailand, southeastern Tibet, Vietnam
N. katiensis Angel, 1922 0 Mali cobra (Katian spitting cobra) Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
N. mandalayensis Slowinski & Wüster, 2000 0 Mandalay spitting cobra (Burmese spitting cobra) Burma
N. melanoleuca Hallowell, 1857 0 Central African Forest cobra Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria.
N. mossambica Peters, 1854 0 Mozambique spitting cobra Extreme southeastern Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, northeastern Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania (including Pemba Island), Zambia, Zimbabwe
N. multifasciata Werner, 1902 0 Burrowing cobra Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Gabon
N. naja (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 Indian cobra (spectacled cobra) Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
N. nigricincta Bogert, 1940 1 Zebra spitting cobra Angola, Namibia, South Africa
N. nigricollis Reinhardt, 1843 0 Black-necked spitting cobra Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo (except in the center), Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Somalia, Togo, Uganda, Zambia
N. nivea (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 Cape cobra (yellow cobra) Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
N. nubiae Wüster & Broadley, 2003 0 Nubian spitting cobra Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Niger, Sudan
N. oxiana (Eichwald, 1831) 0 Caspian cobra Afghanistan, northwest India, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
N. pallida Boulenger, 1896 0 Red spitting cobra Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
N. peroescobari Ceríaco, Marques, Schmitz & Bauer, 2017 0 São Tomé forest cobra, cobra preta São Tomé and Príncipe (São Tomé)
N. philippinensis Taylor, 1922 0 Philippine cobra Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro)
N. romani Hofstetter, 1939 0 European cobra Miocene-aged strata of France, Germany, Austria, Romania, and Ukraine
N. sagittifera Wall, 1913 0 Andaman cobra India (Andaman Islands)
N. samarensis Peters, 1861 0 Samar cobra Philippines (Mindanao, Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Camiguin)
N. savannula Broadley, Trape, Chirio & Wüster, 2018 0 West African banded cobra Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Cast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
N. senegalensis Trape, Chirio & Wüster, 2009 0 Senegalese cobra Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
N. siamensis Laurenti, 1768 0 Indochinese spitting cobra Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
N. sputatrix F. Boie, 1827 0 Javan spitting cobra Indonesia (Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, East Timor)
N. subfulva Laurent, 1955 0 Brown forest cobra Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
N. sumatrana Müller, 1887 0 Equatorial spitting cobra Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Belitung), Malaysia, Philippines (Palawan), southern Thailand, Singapore

* Not including the nominate subspecies.
Extinct.
T Type species.[2]

Tham khảo[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ a ă â Lỗi chú thích: Thẻ <ref> sai; không có nội dung trong thẻ ref có tên ITIS
  2. ^ Zhao E, Adler K. 1993. Herpetology of China. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 522 pp. LCCN 9261941-{{{3}}}. ISBN 0-916984-28-1.

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