Turbo cornutus

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Turbo cornutus
Turbo cornutus 1.jpg
Phân loại khoa học
Giới (regnum) Animalia
Ngành (phylum) Mollusca
Lớp (class) Gastropoda
(không phân hạng) clade Vetigastropoda
Liên họ (superfamilia) Trochoidea
Họ (familia) Turbinidae
Phân họ (subfamilia) Turbininae
Chi (genus) Turbo
Phân chi (subgenus) Batillus
Loài (species) T. cornutus
Danh pháp hai phần
Turbo cornutus
Lightfoot, 1786
Danh pháp đồng nghĩa

Turbo cornutus là một loài ốc biển, là động vật thân mềm chân bụng sống ở biển trong họ Turbinidae.[1]

Miêu tả[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

The name "turbo cornutus" literally means "horned turban," and it is characterized by a hard, spiny shell. Also known as the horned turban shell, it has a large, thick, green-gray shell and a snail-like body. The shell has about five spirals, which turn counterclockwise and have horny protuberances. The thickness and shape of the shell and the horns vary greatly according to environmental conditions. The shell-opening is about 3.5 cm in diameter, and is green or red-brown. The inside lip of the shell is not smooth, but rough and granular. Turbo cornutus is one of the sea snails that develops an operculum. Due to an anatomical quirk of growth of gastropods, the anus is located on its head. As marine snails, they breathe through gills.

Habitat and Reproduction[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Turbo cornutus can be được tìm thấy ở relatively shallow vùng nước ven biển (up to 30 meters deep). It can be found around the Japanese islands from Honshu to Kyushu and Okinawa. It feeds on various kinds of algae. Young horned turban shells eat red-turf algae, while adults eat larger seaweed.

Turbo cornutus spawns từ tháng 8 đến tháng 9, although the gonads begin to mature from tháng 5. Larvae have a very short period as free-floating plankton at approximately five days, after which they settle and begin to develop a shell. The planktonic and early shell-growing stages are highly dangerous times for young horned turban shells, and they are eaten in large numbers.

Consumption and Environmental Consequences[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

"Sazae" being grilled

Turbo cornutus is enjoyed as a delicacy in Nhật Bản, ở đó nó is known as "sazae." After cooking, the corkscrew-like animal can then be drawn out of its shell using its hard operculum, or hard, rocky lid, to which it is firmly attached. The operculum is not edible, and must be discarded along with the animal's shell after eating.

Since sazae is such a prized delicacy in Japan, and thus commercially important, natural populations are supplemented by artificially reared juveniles. Large numbers of animals are bred and then dumped into the open sea to complete their growth. The result of this is a reduction in the genetic diversity of the animal, which may leave it vulnerable to disease.

Hình ảnh[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Chú thích[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Tham khảo[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Hooper, R (2007). "Horned turban shell", Japan Times, The, Retrieved on 2010-07-06

Liên kết ngoài[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Phương tiện liên quan tới Turbo cornutus tại Wikimedia Commons