Giải Bancroft

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Giải Bancroft (tiếng Anh : Bancroft Prize) là một giải thưởng hàng năm của Ban quản trị trường Đại học Columbia dành cho các tác phẩm viết về ngoại giao hoặc lịch sử của châu Mỹ.

Giải này được thiết lập năm 1948 do tài sản di tặng của Frederic Bancroft và thường được coi là một trong các giải thưởng uy tín nhất trong lãnh vực lịch sử châu Mỹ. Khoản tiền thưởng của giải là 10.000 dollar Mỹ (trước năm 2004 là 4.000 dollar Mỹ). Trong số những người đoạt giải này, có 16 người đã đoạt Giải Pulitzer về Lịch sử.[1]

Vụ việc gây tranh cãi[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Giải năm 2001 được trao cho tác phẩm Arming America: The Origins of a National Gun Culture của Michael A. Bellesiles, sau đó tác giả này đã bị tố cáo là không trung thực trong học thuật. Sau các cuộc điều tra độc lập, Đại học Columbia đã hủy giải của Michael A. Bellesiles trong năm 2002.

Những người đoạt giải Bancroft[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Năm Tác phẩm (Nhà xuất bản và năm xuất bản)
1948 Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union. New York : Charles Scribner and Sons, 1947.
DeVoto, Bernard. Across the Wide Missouri. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1947.
1949 Sherwood, Robert E. Roosevelt and Hopkins. New York : Harper & Brothers, 1948.
Morison, Samuel E. The Rising Sun in the Pacific. New York : Little, Brown, 1948.
1950 Gipson, Lawrence H. The Victorious Year, 1758–1760. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1949. Vol. VII of The Great War for Empire.
Bolton, Herbert E. Coronado. Whittlesey House and the University of New Mexico Press, 1949.
1951 Holcombe, Arthur N. Our More Perfect Union. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1950.
Smith, Henry N. Virgin Land. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1950.
1952 Pusey, Merlo J. Charles Evans Hughes. New York : Macmillan, 1951.
Woodward, C. Vann. Origins of the New South, 1877–1913. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1951.
1953 Dangerfield, George. The Era of Good Feelings. New York : Harcourt, Brace, 1952.
Goldman, Eric F. Rendezvous with Destiny. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.
1954 Rossiter, Clinton. Seedtime of the Republic. New York : Harcourt, Brace, 1953.
Langer, William L. and S. Everett Gleason. The Undeclared War. New York : Harper & Bros., 1953.
1955 Horgan, Paul. Great River, The Rio Grande. Rinehart, 1954.
White, Leonard D. The Jacksonians. New York : Macmillan, 1954.
1956 Stevenson, Elizabeth. Henry Adams. New York : Macmillan, 1955.
Randall, J. G. and Richard N. Current. Last Full Measure: Lincoln the President. New York : Dodd, Mead, 1955.
1957 Kennan, George F. Russia Leaves the War. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1956.
Link, Arthur S. Wilson: The New Freedom. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1956.
1958 Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1957.
Mott, Frank Luther. A History of American Magazines. Vol. 4. Cambridge, MA : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957.
1959 Samuels, Ernest. Henry Adams, The Middle Years. Cambridge, MA : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1958.
Boorstin, Daniel J. The Americans: The Colonial Experience. New York : Random House, 1958.
1960 Palmer, R. R. The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760–1800. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1959.
Leech, Margaret. In the Days of McKinley. New York : Harper & Bros., 1959.
1961 Peterson, Merrill D. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1960.
Link, Arthur S. Wilson: The Struggle for Neutrality, 1914–1915. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1960.
1962 Cremin, Lawrence A. The Transformation of the School. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1961.
Gilbert, Felix To the Farewell Address: Ideas of Early American Foreign Policy. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1961.
Duberman, Martin B. Charles Francis Adams, 1807–1866. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1961.
1963 Smith, Page. John Adams. New York : Doubleday, 1962.
Wohlstetter, Roberta. Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision. Palo Alto, CA : Stanford University Press, 1962.
Stoessinger, John G. The Might of Nations: World Politics in Our Time. New York : Random House, 1962.
1964 Leuchtenburg, William E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940. New York : Harper & Row, 1963.
Thomas, John L. The Liberator: William Lloyd Garrison. New York : Little, Brown, 1963.
Seabury, Paul. Power, Freedom, and Diplomacy: The Foreign Policy of the United States of America. New York : Random House, 1963.
1965 Perkins, Bradford. Castlereagh and Adams: England and the United States, 1812–1823. Berkeley, CA : University of California Press, 1964.
Willcox, William B. Portrait of a General: Sir Henry Clinton in the War of Independence. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1964.
Borg, Dorothy. The United States and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1933–1938. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1964.
1966 Morris, Richard B. The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence. New York : Harper & Row, 1965.
Friend, Theodore W., III. Between Two Empires: The Ordeal of the Philippines, 1929–1946. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 1965.
1967 Freehling, William W. Prelude to Civil War: The Nullification Controversy in South Carolina, 1816–1836. New York : Harper & Row, 1966.
Sellers, Charles. James K. Polk, Continentalist, 1843–1846. Vol. II. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1966.
Young, James Sterling. The Washington Community, 1800–1828. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1966.
1968 Bullock, Henry Allen. A History of Negro Education in the South from 1619 to the Present. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1967.
Bushman, Richard L. From Puritan to Yankee: Character and Social Order in Connecticut, 1690–1765. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1967.
Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, MA : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1967.
1969 Jordan, Winthrop D. White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550–1812. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1968.
Levin, N. Gordon, Jr. Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America's Response to War and Revolution. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1968.
Tugwell, Rexford Guy. The Brains Trust. New York : The Viking Press, 1968.
1970 Sellers, Charles. Charles Willson Peale. New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.[2]
Wood, Gordon S. The Creation of the American Republic, 1776–1787. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1969.
Carter, Dan T. Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
1971 Barnouw, Erik. The Image Empire: A History of Broadcasting in the United States from 1953. Vol. III. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1970.
Kennedy, David M. Birth Control in America: The Career of Margaret Sanger. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 1970.
Wall, Joseph Frazier. Andrew Carnegie. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1970.
1972 Degler, Carl N. Neither Black Nor White. New York : Macmillan, 1971.
Middlekauff, Robert. The Mathers: Three Generations of Puritan Intellectuals, 1596–1728. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1971.
Morison, Samuel E.. The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1971.
1973 FitzGerald, Frances. Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam. Boston : Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1972.
Gaddis, John Lewis. The United States and the Origins of the Cold War. New York : Columbia University Press, 1972.
Harlan, Louis R.. Booker T. Washington. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1972.
1974 Billington, Ray Allen. Frederick Jackson Turner: Historian, Scholar, Teacher. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1973.
Hoopes, Townsend. The Devil and John Foster Dulles. Boston : Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1973.
Thernstrom, Stephan. The Other Bostonians: Poverty and Progress in the American Metropolis, 1880–1970. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1973.
1975 Fogel, Robert William and Stanley L. Engerman. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery and Time on the Cross: Evidence and Methods. Boston : Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1974.
George, Alexander L. and Richard Smoke. Deterrence in American Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice. New York : Columbia University Press, 1974.
Genovese, Eugene. Roll, Jordan, Roll. New York : Pantheon, 1974.
1976 Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770–1823. Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press, 1975.
Lewis, R. W. B. Edith Wharton: A Biography. New York : Harper & Row, 1975.
1977 Dawley, Alan. Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1976.
Gross, Robert A. The Minutemen and Their World. New York : Hill and Wang, 1976.
Higman, Barry W. Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica, 1807–1834. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1976.
1978 Chandler, Alfred D., Jr. The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1977.
Horwitz, Morton J. The Transformation of American Law, 1780–1860. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1977.
1979 Thorne, Christopher. Allies of a Kind: The United States, Britain, and the War Against Japan, 1941–1945. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1978.
Wallace, Anthony F. C. Rockdale: The Growth of An American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution. New York : Alfred Knopf, 1978.
1980 Dallek, Robert. Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1979.
Dublin, Thomas. Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826–1860. New York : Columbia University Press, 1979.
Worster, Donald. Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1979.
1981 Steel, Ronald. Walter Lipmann and the American Century. New York : Little, Brown, 1980.
Strouse, Jean. Alice James: A Biography. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1980.
1982 Countryman, Edward. A People in Revolution: The American Revolution and Political Society in New York, 1760–1790. Baltimore, MD : The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.
Ryan, Mary P. Cradle of the Middle Class: The Family in Oneida County, New York, 1790–1865. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1981.
1983 Demos, John Putnam. Entertaining Satan: Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1982.
Salvatore, Nick. Eugene V. Debs: Citizen and Socialist. Champaign, IL : University of Illinois Press, 1982.
1984 Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1982.
Starr, Paul. The Social Transformation of American Medicine: The Rise of a Sovereign Profession and the Making of a Vast Industry. New York : Basic Books, 1983.
1985 Lebsock, Suzanne. The Free Women of Petersburg: Status and Culture in a Southern Town, 1784–1860. New York : Norton, 1984.
Silverman, Kenneth. The Life and Times of Cotton Mather. New York : Harper & Row, 1984.
1986 Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1985.
Jones, Jacqueline. Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family from Slavery to the Present. New York : Basic Books, 1985.
1987 Doerflinger, Thomas. A Vigorous Spirit of Enterprise: Merchants and Economic Development in Revolutionary Philadelphia. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1986.
Lane, Roger. Roots of Violence in Black Philadelphia, 1860–1900. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1986.
1988 Sherry, Michael S. The Rise of American Air Power: The Creation of Armageddon. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 1987.
Kolchin, Peter. Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1987.
1989 Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. New York : Harper & Row, 1988.
Morgan, Edmund S. Inventing the People: The Rise of Popular Sovereignty in England and America. New York : W. W. Norton, 1988.
1990 Merrell, James H. The Indians' New World: Catawbas and Their Neighbors from European Contact through the Era of Removal. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1989.
McMillen, Neil R. Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow. Champaign, IL : University of Illinois Press, 1989.
1991 Cohen, Lizabeth. Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785–1812. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.
1992 Cronon, William. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. New York : W. W. Norton, 1991.
Royster, Charles. The Destructive War: William Tecumseh Sherman, Stonewall Jackson, and the Americans. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
1993 Capper, Charles. The Private Years. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1992. Vol. 1 of Margaret Fuller: An American Romantic Life.
Leffler, Melvyn P. A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War. Palo Alto, CA : Stanford University Press, 1992.
1994 Elkins, Stanley and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism: The Early American Republic, 1788–1800. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1993.
Jordan, Winthrop D. Tumult and Silence at Second Creek: An Inquiry into a Civil War Slave Conspiracy. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1993.
Lewis, David Levering. W. E. B. DuBois: The Biography of a Race, 1868–1919. New York : Henry Holt, 1993.
1995 Brooke, John L. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology, 1644–1844. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Dittmer, John. Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Champaign, IL : University of Illinois Press, 1994.
1996 Taylor, Alan. William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
Reynolds, David S. Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
1997 Kyvig, David E. Explicit and Authentic Acts: Amending the U.S. Constitution, 1776–1795. Lawrence, KS : University of Kansas Press, 1996.
Patterson, James T. Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945–1974. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1996.
1998 Heyrman, Christine Leigh. Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.
LaFeber, Walter. The Clash: A History of U.S.-Japan Relations. New York : W. W. Norton, 1997.
Sugrue, Thomas J. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1997.
1999 Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1998.
Morgan, Philip D. A Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Low Country. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1998.
Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.
2000 Merrell, James H. Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the American Frontier. New York : W. W. Norton, 1999.
Dower, John Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II. New York : W. W. Norton and The New Press, 1999.
Gordon, Linda. The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1999.
2001 Bellesiles, Michael. Arming America: The Origins of a National Gun Culture. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.
(Giải đã bị hủy bỏ năm 2002 vì sự không trung thực trong học thuật của tác giả)
Johnson, Susan Lee. Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush. New York : W. W. Norton, 2000.
Nasaw, David. The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
2002 Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, MA : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.
Kessler-Harris, Alice. In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men, and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in 20th-Century America. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 2001.
2003 Brooks, James F. Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 2002.
Gallay, Alan. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670–1717. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2002.
2004 Ayers, Edward L. In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859–1863. New York : W. W. Norton, 2003.
Hahn, Steven. A Nation Under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration. Cambridge, MA : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.
Marsden, George M. Jonathan Edwards: A Life. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2003.
2005 Ely, Melvin Patrick. Israel on the Appomattox: A Southern Experiment in Black Freedom from the 1790s Through the Civil War. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.
Klarman, Michael J. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 2004.
O'Brien, Michael. Conjectures of Order: Intellectual Life and the American South, 1810–1860. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
2006 Clarke, Erskine. Dwelling Place: A Plantation Epic. New Haven : Yale University Press, 2005.
Westad, Odd Arne. The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times. Cambridge and New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Wilentz, Sean. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln. New York : W. W. Norton, 2005.
2007 Kirby, Jack Temple. Mockingbird Song: Ecological Landscapes of the South. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Richardson, Robert D.. William James: In the Maelstrom of American Modernism. Boston, MA : Houghton Mifflin, 2006.
2008 Brandt, Allan M. The Cigarette Century: The Rise, Fall, and Deadly Persistence of the Product that Defined America. New York : Basic Books, 2007.
Postel, Charles. The Populist Vision. New York : Oxford University Press, 2007.
Silver, Peter. Our Savage Neighbors: How Indian War Transformed Early America. New York : W. W. Norton, 2007.
2009 Andrews, Thomas G. Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 2008.
Faust, Drew Gilpin. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.
Hämäläinen, Pekka. The Comanche Empire. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008.
2010[3] Gordon, Linda. Dorothea Lange: A Life Beyond Limits. New York : W.W. Norton & Company, 2009.
Holton, Woody. Abigail Adams. New York : Free Press, 2009.
Jacobs, Margaret D. White Mother to a Dark Race: Settler Colonialism, Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West and Australia, 1880-1940. Lincoln, NE : University of Nebraska Press, 2009.
2011[4] Dubow, Sara. Ourselves Unborn: A History of the Fetus in Modern America. New York : Oxford University Press, 2010.
Foner, Eric. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York : W. W. Norton & Company, 2010.
Tomlins, Christopher. Freedom Bound: Law, Labor, and Civic Identity in Colonizing English America, 1580-1865. Cambridge, Eng., and New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
2012 Hyde, Anne. Empires, Nations and Families: A History of the North American West, 1800-1860.. University of Nebraska, 2011.
Rodgers, Daniel. Age of Fracture.. Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2011.
Brown-Nagin, Tomiko Courage to Dissent: Atlanta and the Long History of the Civil Rights Movement.. Oxford University Press, 2011.
2013 Bolster, W. Jeffrey. The Mortal Sea: Fishing the Atlantic in the Age of Sail. Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2012.
Witt, John Fabian. Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History. Free Press, 2012.

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