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László Kubala[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

László Kubala
Kubala with FC Barcelona in 1953
Thông tin cá nhân
Tên đầy đủ László Kubala Stecz[1]
Ngày sinh 10 tháng 6, 1927(1927-06-10)
Nơi sinh Budapest, Hungary
Ngày mất 17 tháng 5, 2002 (74 tuổi)
Nơi mất Barcelona, Spain
Chiều cao 1,76 m (5 ft 9 12 in)
Vị trí Second Striker
CLB trẻ
1939–1943 Ganz TE
CLB Chuyên nghiệp*
Năm CLB Trận (Bàn)
1944 Ganz TE 9 (2)
1945–1946 Ferencváros 49 (27)
1946–1948 Slovan Bratislava 33 (14)
1948–1949 Vasas 20 (10)
1949–1950 Pro Patria 16 (9)
1950 Hungária 6 (5)
1951–1961 Barcelona 186 (131)
1963–1965 Espanyol 29 (7)
1966–1967 Zürich 12 (7)
1967 Toronto Falcons 19 (5)
Tổng 379 (217)
Đội tuyển quốc gia
1946–1947 Czechoslovakia 6 (4)
1948 Hungary 3 (0)
1953–1961 Spain 19 (11)
1953 Europe XI 1 (2)
1954–1963 Catalonia 4 (4)
1965 Europe XI 1 (1)
Đội quản lý
1961–1963 Barcelona
1963–1966 Espanyol
1966–1967 Zürich
1968 Toronto Falcons
1968–1969 Córdoba
1969–1980 Spain
1980 Barcelona
1982–1986 Al-Hilal
1986 Murcia
1987–1988 Málaga
1988–1989 Elche
1992 Spain Olympic
1995 Paraguay
* Chỉ tính số trận và số bàn thắng
được ghi ở giải Vô địch quốc gia
† Số trận khoác áo (Số bàn thắng).

László Kubala Stecz[1] (10 tháng 6 năm 192717 tháng 5 năm 2002), cũng được viết Ladislav Kubala, Ladislao Kubala, là một cầu thủ bóng đá Hungary, từng chơi ở vị trí tiền đạo cho những câu lạc bộ Ferencvárosi TC, ŠK Slovan Bratislava, Vasas SC, FC BarcelonaRCD Espanyol. Ông từng khoác áo ba đội tuyển quốc gia khác nhau: Tiệp Khắc, HungaryTây Ban Nha. Ngoài ra, ông còn từng tham gia đội hình Europe XI và đội tuyển của vùng Catalunya. Trong thập niên 1950 Kubala là một thành viên chủ chốt của đội hình FC Barcelona rất thành công. Trong thời gian thi đấu ở câu lạc bộ này ông đã ghi được 194 bàn thắng trong 256 trận đấu. Năm 1999, trong dịp kỷ niệm 100 năm của FC Barcelona, người hâm mộ đã bình chọn ông là cầu thủ xuất sắc nhất từng khoác áo câu lạc bộ. Sau khi giải nghệ cầu thủ, Kubala tiếp tục là huấn luyện viên. Ông từng có thời gian là huấn luyện trưởng của FC Barcelona, đội tuyển Tây Ban Nha và đội tuyển trẻ Tây Ban Nha.[2][3]

Là một tiền đạo có phẩm chất qua người tốt, Kubala còn có khả năng lừa bóng khác thường, kết hợp tốc độ và kỹ năng. Kubala có sự điềm tĩnh khi dứt điểm và lực sút cũng rất mạnh. Ngoài ra, ông là một trong những chuyên gia sút phạt hàng đầu trong lịch sử, có thể uốn cong đường bóng với tốc độ và độ chính xác cao.

Early life and career[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Childhood and youth[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Kubala was born in Budapest, as his parents, coming from a mixed background. His mother, Anna Stecz, a factory worker, had Polish, Slovak and Hungarian roots, while his father, Pál Kubala Kurjas, a bricklayer, belonged to the Slovak minority of Hungary. Kubala described himself as a "cosmopolitan". He began his career as a junior player with Ganz TE, a factory team that played in the Hungarian third division. At the age of 11 he was playing in teams with other players who were three to five years older.[4] At the age of 18 he signed for Ferencvárosi TC where he was a teammate of Sándor Kocsis. In 1946 he moved to Czechoslovakia, allegedly to avoid military service, and joined ŠK Slovan Bratislava. In 1947 Kubala married Anna Viola Daučík, the sister of the Czechoslovakian national coach, Ferdinand Daučík. In 1948 he returned to Hungary, again to allegedly avoid military service, and joined Vasas SC.

Refugee[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

In January 1949, as Hungary became a socialist state, Kubala fled the country in the back of a truck. Initially he arrived in the United States zone of Allied-occupied Austria and then moved on to Italy. While he played briefly for Pro Patria. In May 1949 he also agreed to play for Torino in a testimonial against S.L. Benfica but pulled out after his son became ill. On the way back from Lisbon the plane carrying the Torino team crashed into the Superga hills, killing all 31 people on board.

Meanwhile the Hungarian Football Federation accused him of breach of contract, leaving the country without permission and failure to do military service. FIFA backed them and imposed a one-year international ban. In January 1950 Kubala, with Ferdinand Daučík as coach, formed his own team Hungaria. The team was made up of fellow refugees fleeing Eastern Europe. In the summer of 1950 the team arrived in Spain to play a series of friendlies against a Madrid XI, a Spain XI and RCD Espanyol.

During these games, Kubala was spotted by both Real Madrid and Josep Samitier, then chief scout at FC Barcelona. Kubala was offered a contract by Real but was persuaded by Samitier to sign for FC Barcelona. It has been suggested that Samitier used his connections within the government of Franco to help arrange the transfer. In the midst of the Cold War, Kubala's escape to the West was used as propaganda by Franco's government and was made into a successful film The Stars Search for Peace which saw Kubala and Samitier playing themselves.[5][6]

FC Barcelona[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Kubala signed for FC Barcelona on 15 June 1950 and as part of the deal Ferdinand Daučík also became the FC Barcelona coach. However the ban imposed on Kubala was still in place and he did not make his La Liga debut until 1951. However he was permitted to play friendlies and in two consecutive games against Frankfurter S.V., which FC Barcelona won 4–1 and 10–4, he scored six goals and set-up another five. He also played in the Copa del Generalísimo and helped the club win the trophy in 1951.

In his first La Liga season, 1951–52, Kubala scored 26 goals in 19 games. This included 7 goals in a 9–0 win over Sporting de Gijón, 5 against Celta de Vigo and hat-tricks against Sevilla and Racing de Santander. His 7 goals against Sporting de Gijón remain the record for most goals scored in a single match in La Liga. He also scored in the Copa final as FC Barcelona beat Valencia CF 4–2. This season proved to be one of the clubs most successful. Coach Daucik and Kubala, together with players like Emilio Aldecoa, Velasco, Joan Segarra and Ramallets, inspired the team to win five different trophies including La Liga, the Copa del Generalisimo, the Latin Cup and the Copa Eva Duarte. Kubala missed much of the 1952–53 season after contracting tuberculosis, which threatened to end his playing career. However he made a miraculous recovery and returned to help FC Barcelona retain both La Liga and the Copa del Generalísimo. He also scored again in the Copa final win, a 2–1 win over Athletic Bilbao. During his time with Barcelona he scored a total of 14 hat-tricks.

A statue of Kubala in the grounds of the Camp Nou

In 1958 Kubala persuaded two fellow Hungarian refugees, Sándor Kocsis and Zoltán Czibor to join him at FC Barcelona and together with a young Luis Suárez and Evaristo, they formed the nucleus of the team that won a La Liga/ Copa del Generalísimo double in 1959 and a La Liga /Fairs Cup double in 1960. However Kubala found himself out of favour with coach Helenio Herrera and lost his place in the team. As a result he missed the 1960 European Cup semi-final against Real Madrid which FC Barcelona lost 6–2 on aggregate. The result saw Herrera lose his job and Kubala restored to the team. In the 1961 European Cup, FC Barcelona became the first club to beat Real Madrid in the competition. Inspired by Kubala they won 4–3 on aggregate and subsequently reached the final where they lost to Benfica 3–2. Kubala briefly retired as a player in 1961 and initially became a youth coach at FC Barcelona before becoming coach of the senior team for the 1962–63 season. However after losing a Fairs Cup game to Red Star Belgrade he was dismissed.

International career[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Kubala played for three different international teams – Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Spain. While playing with ŠK Slovan Bratislava, he played 6 times and scored 4 goals for Czechoslovakia between 1946 and 1947. After returning to Budapest in 1948, he played 3 games for Hungary but failed to score. After adopting Spanish nationality he played 19 times and scored 11 goals for Spain between 1953 and 1961. The highlight of his international career was a hat-trick for Spain against Turkey in 3–0 win in November 1957.[7][8] Despite playing for three different countries, Kubala never played in the finals of a major international tournament. He was included in the Spain squad for the 1962 World Cup but, along with Alfredo Di Stéfano, he did not play due to injury.

As well as playing for three different international teams, Kubala also played for both a Europe XI and the Catalan XI. On 21 October 1953, England played a Europe XI at Wembley Stadium to celebrate the 90th anniversary of the Football Association and Kubala scored twice in the 4–4 draw. He also played 4 games and scored 4 times for the Catalan XI. On 26 January 1955 in a game against Bologna at Les Corts, he was joined by guest player Alfredo Di Stéfano. The Catalan XI won 6–2 with two goals from Kubala and one from Di Stéfano. His last game for the Catalan XI was his own testimonial on 4 March 1993 at the Montjuïc Stadium against an International XI. He played the opening ten minutes of the game at age 65.

Coaching career[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

After leaving FC Barcelona, Kubala accepted a contract as a player/coach with RCD Espanyol and teamed up with Alfredo Di Stéfano. During his time at RCD Espanyol he gave a La Liga debut to his son, Branko. In 1966 he joined FC Zürich, again as player/coach, and made his last appearance in a European Cup game against the competitions eventual winners, Celtic. In 1967 Kubala went to Canada, where at Toronto Falcons he enjoyed something of family reunion with his father-in-law, Ferdinand Daučík, his brother-in-law, Yanko Daucik and his son Branko. He also appeared in 19 matches for Toronto, scoring 5 times.[9]

By the end of 1968 he had returned to La Liga, and after a brief spell at Cordoba CF, he became coach of Spain. Kubala ended the team's 12-year absence from the World Cup in when he guided the team to the 1978 World Cup, but he could not steer them through the first-round group stage. He also managed them at Euro 80, where they again went out in the first round.

In 1980 he returned to FC Barcelona as a manager for a second short spell before moving to Saudi Arabia where he managed Al-Hilal. He subsequently managed three other La Liga clubs, including CD Málaga whom he guided to the Segunda División title in 1988. His last coaching position was with Paraguay in 1995.[10][11]

Honours[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]


CF Barcelona


CD Málaga

Career statistics[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Club Season League Cup Europe[12] Other[13] Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Barcelona 1950–51 0 0 7 6 7 6
1951–52 19 26 7 12 2 1 28 39
1952–53 11 7 6 5 17 12
1953–54 28 23 3 3 31 26
1954–55 19 14 3 5 22 19
1955–56 25 14 2 1 1 1 28 16
1956–57 18 9 5 5 0 0 23 14
1957–58 21 12 6 5 2 2 29 19
1958–59 20 9 1 0 2 0 23 9
1959–60 12 7 5 4 6 9 23 20
1960–61 13 10 3 3 9 1 25 14
Total 186 131 48 49 20 13 2 1 256 194
Espanyol 1963–64 29 7 4 0 33 7
Total 29 7 4 0 33 7
Career Total 215 138 52 49 20 13 2 1 289 201

International goals for Czechoslovakia[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 31 August 1947 Letná Stadium, Prague, Czechoslovakia  Ba Lan 3–0 6–3 Friendly
2. 31 August 1947 Letná Stadium, Prague, Czechoslovakia  Ba Lan 6–3 6–3 Friendly
3. 21 September 1947 Stadionul Giulești, Bucharest, Romania  România 0–1 2–6 Friendly
4. 21 September 1947 Stadionul Giulești, Bucharest, Romania  România 2–5 2–6 Friendly

International goals for Spain[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 12 July 1953 Estadio Nacional, Ñuñoa, Chile  Chile 0–2 1–2 Friendly
2. 30 January 1957 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Hà Lan 3–0 5–1 Friendly
3. 8 May 1957 Hampden Park, Glasgow, United Kingdom  Scotland 1–1 4–2 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification
4. 16 May 1957 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Scotland 2–0 4–1 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification
5. 16 November 1957 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ 1–0 3–0 Friendly
6. 16 November 1957 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ 2–0 3–0 Friendly
7. 16 November 1957 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ 3–0 3–0 Friendly
8. 24 November 1957 Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne, Switzerland  Thụy Sĩ 0–1 1–4 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification
9. 24 November 1957 Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne, Switzerland  Thụy Sĩ 1–4 1–4 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification
10. 13 March 1958 Parc des Princes, Paris, France  Pháp 0–1 2–2 Friendly
11. 15 October 1958 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Bắc Ireland 2–0 6–2 Friendly

International goals for Europe XI[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 21 October 1953 Wembley, London, United Kingdom  Anh 0–1 4–4 Friendly
2. 21 October 1953 Wembley, London, United Kingdom  Anh 3–4 4–4 Friendly

International goals for Catalonia[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 26 January 1955 Camp de Les Corts, Barcelona, Spain Ý Bologna F.C. 1909 2–0 6–2 Friendly
2. 26 January 1955 Camp de Les Corts, Barcelona, Spain Ý Bologna F.C. 1909 4–0 6–2 Friendly
3. 26 January 1956 Camp de Les Corts, Barcelona, Spain Anh Luton Town F.C. 2–0 3–1 Friendly
4. 26 January 1956 Camp de Les Corts, Barcelona, Spain Anh Luton Town F.C. 3–1 3–1 Friendly

References[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ a ă Gaarskjær, Jesper (2010). Barça: Historien om FC Barcelona. København: Gyldendal. tr. 69. ISBN 978-87-02-08764-2. 
  2. ^ UEFA Award
  3. ^ UEFA Obituary
  4. ^
  5. ^ Morbo: The Story of Spanish Football (2003), Phil Ball
  6. ^ Barça: A People’s Passion (1998), Jimmy Burns
  7. ^ International Stats
  8. ^ Spain player stats
  9. ^
  10. ^ Spain manager stats
  11. ^ La Liga manager stats
  12. ^ Counts for appearances and goals at the UEFA Champions League, Fairs Cup and UEFA Cup Winners' Cup.
  13. ^ Counts for appearances and goals at the Copa Eva Duarte and Copa Latina.

Bản mẫu:Paraguay Squad 1995 Copa América