Viện lưu trữ phim quốc gia (Hoa Kỳ)

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Viện lưu trữ phim quốc gia (tiếng Anh: National Film Registry) là một cơ quan đăng ký các phim do Ban bảo tồn phim quốc gia (National Film Preservation Board) của Hoa Kỳ chọn lựa, thuộc Thư viện Quốc hội (Hoa Kỳ). Ban này được thành lập bởi Đạo luật bảo tồn phim quốc gia (National Film Preservation Act) năm 1988, được tái ủy quyền các năm 1992, 1996 và 2005 bởi các đạo luật của Quốc hội Hoa Kỳ. Luật năm 1996 cũng thiết lập một Quỹ bảo tồn phim quốc gia phi lợi nhuận, được nhập vào "Ban bảo tồn phim quốc gia", nhưng tiền do khu vực tư tài trợ.

Viện lưu trữ phim quốc gia mỗi năm đưa vào bảo tồn 25 phim có ý nghĩa về văn hóa, lịch sử hoặc thẩm mỹ. Để được chọn, các phim này phải được sản xuất ít nhất từ 10 năm trước.

Các phim được chọn không được là phim truyện quá dài, hoặc đã bán cho rạp chiếu bóng. Viện lưu trữ phim quốc gia được cho là nơi có đầy đủ di sản phim Mỹ đa dạng, trong đó có các phim cổ điển của Hollywood tới các phim gọi là phim mồ côi (orphan film), phim thời sự, phim câm, phim thực nghiệm, phim hết Quyền tác giả, phim nghiệp dư có ý nghĩa, phim tài liệu, phim độc lập (independent film), phim làm ở nhà và thậm chí cả phim truyền hình. Năm 2008, nơi đây có có 500 phim được bảo tồn.

Phim mới được chọn gần đây là phim Fargo (1996), trong khi phim lâu đời nhất là phim Blacksmith Scene (1893). Năm có nhiều phim nhất được đưa vào danh sách là năm 1939 với 19 phim.

Các tên phim[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Bạn có thể thay đổi thứ tự phim bằng cách bấm vào tên cột

Tên phim Năm sản xuất Năm đăng ký
12 Angry Men 1957 2007
2001: A Space Odyssey 1968 1991
42nd Street 1933 1998
7th Voyage of Sinbad, The 1958 2008
Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein 1948 2001
Adam's Rib 1949 1992
Adventures of Robin Hood, The 1938 1995
African Queen, The 1951 1994
Alien 1979 2002
All About Eve 1950 1990
All My Babies 1953 2002
All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 1990
All That Heaven Allows 1955 1995
All That Jazz 1979 2001
All the King's Men 1949 2001
America, America 1963 2001
American Graffiti 1973 1995
Một người Mỹ ở Paris 1951 1993
Annie Hall 1977 1992
Antonia: A Portrait of the Woman 1974 2003
Apartment, The 1960 1994
Apocalypse Now 1979 2000
Applause 1929 2006
Asphalt Jungle, The 1950 2008
Atlantic City 1980 2003
Awful Truth, The 1937 1996
Baby Face 1933 2005
Bad and the Beautiful, The 1952 2002
Back to the Future 1985 2007
Badlands 1973 1993
Band Wagon, The 1953 1995
Bank Dick, The 1940 1992
Battle of San Pietro, The 1945 1991
Người đẹp và quái vật 1991 2002
Ben-Hur 1925 1997
Ben-Hur 1959 2004
Best Years of Our Lives, The 1946 1989
Big Business 1929 1992
Big Parade, The 1925 1992
Big Sleep, The 1946 1997
Big Trail, The 1930 2006
Birth of a Nation, The 1915 1992
Black Pirate, The 1926 1993
Black Stallion, The 1979 2002
Blacksmith Scene 1893 1995
Blade Runner 1982 1993
Blazing Saddles 1974 2006
Blood of Jesus, The 1941 1991
Blue Bird, The 1918 2004
Bonnie and Clyde 1967 1992
Boyz n the Hood 1991 2002
Bride of Frankenstein 1935 1998
Cầu qua sông Kwai 1957 1997
Bringing Up Baby 1938 1990
Broken Blossoms 1919 1996
Bronx Morning, A 1931 2004
Buffalo Creek Flood: An Act of Man, The 1975 2005
Bullitt 1968 2007
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969 2003
Cabaret 1972 1995
Cameraman, The 1928 2005
Carmen Jones 1954 1992
Casablanca 1942 1989
Castro Street 1966 1992
Cat People 1942 1993
Chan Is Missing 1982 1995
Cheat, The 1915 1993
Chechahcos, The 1924 2003
Chinatown 1974 1991
Chulas Fronteras 1976 1993
Công dân Kane 1941 1989
City, The 1939 1998
City Lights 1931 1991
Civilization 1916 1999
Clash of the Wolves 1925 2004
Close Encounters of the Third Kind 1977 2007
Cologne: From the Diary of Ray and Esther 1939 2001
Commandment Keeper Church, Beaufort, South Carolina (May 1940) 1940 2005
Conversation, The 1974 1995
Cool Hand Luke 1967 2005
Cool World, The 1963 1994
Cops 1922 1997
Corner in Wheat, A 1909 1994
Court Jester, The 1956 2004
Crowd, The 1928 1989
Curse of Quon Gwon, The 1916-17 2006
Czechoslovakia 1968 1969 1997
Dance, Girl, Dance 1940 2007
Dances with Wolves 1990 2007
Daughter of Shanghai 1937 2006
Daughters of the Dust 1991 2004
David Holzman's Diary 1968 1991
Day the Earth Stood Still, The 1951 1995
Days of Heaven 1978 2007
Dead Birds 1964 1998
Người thợ săn nai 1978 1996
Deliverance 1972 2008
Destry Rides Again 1939 1996
Detour 1945 1992
Dickson Experimental Sound Phim 1894-95 2003
Disneyland Dream 1956 2008
D.O.A. 1950 2004
Do the Right Thing 1989 1999
Docks of New York, The 1928 1999
Dodsworth 1936 1990
Dog Star Man 1964 1992
Dont Look Back 1967 1998
Double Indemnity 1944 1992
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb 1964 1989
Dracula 1931 2000
Drums of Winter 1988 2006
Duck Amuck 1953 1999
Duck and Cover 1951 2004
Duck Soup 1933 1990
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 1982 1994
Early Abstractions[1] 1939-56 2006
Easy Rider 1969 1998
Eaux d'artifice 1953 1993
El Norte 1983 1995
Emperor Jones, The 1933 1999
Empire 1964 2004
Endless Summer, The 1966 2002
Enter the Dragon 1973 2004
Eraserhead 1977 2004
Evidence of the Film 1913 2001
Exploits of Elaine, The 1914 1994
Face in the Crowd, A 1957 2008
Fall of the House of Usher, The 1928 2000
Fantasia 1940 1990
Fargo 1996 2006
Fast Times at Ridgemont High 1982 2005
Fatty's Tintype Tangle 1915 1995
Phim Portrait 1970 2003
Five Easy Pieces 1970 2000
Flash Gordon[2] 1936 1996
Flesh and the Devil 1927 2006
Flower Drum Song 1961 2008
Foolish Wives 1922 2008
Footlight Parade 1933 1992
Force of Evil 1948 1994
Forgotten Frontier, The 1931 1996
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The 1921 1995
Jenkins Orphanage Band (Fox Movietone News) 1928 2003
Frank Phim 1973 1996
Frankenstein 1931 1991
Freaks 1932 1994
Free Radicals 1979 2008
French Connection, The 1971 2005
Freshman, The 1925 1990
From Here to Eternity 1953 2002
From Stump to Ship 1930 2002
From the Manger to the Cross 1912 1998
Fuji 1974 2002
Fury 1936 1995
Garlic Is As Good As Ten Mothers 1980 2004
General, The 1927 1989
George Stevens World War II Footage 1943-46 2008
Gerald McBoing-Boing 1951 1995
Gertie the Dinosaur 1914 1991
Giant 1956 2005
Gigi 1958 1991
Glimpse of the Garden 1957 2007
Bố già 1972 1990
Bố già: Phần II 1974 1993
Going My Way 1944 2004
Gold Diggers of 1933 1933 2003
Gold Rush, The 1925 1992
Cuốn theo chiều gió 1939 1989
Goodfellas 1990 2000
Graduate, The 1967 1996
Grand Hotel 1932 2007
Chùm nho nổi giận 1940 1989
Grass 1925 1997
Great Dictator, The 1940 1997
Great Train Robbery, The 1903 1990
Greed 1924 1991
Groundhog Day 1993 2006
Gun Crazy 1949 1998
Gunga Din 1939 1999
H2O 1929 2005
Hallelujah 1929 2008
Halloween 1978 2006
Hands Up! 1926 2005
Harlan County, USA 1976 1990
Harold and Maude 1972 1997
Heiress, The 1949 1996
Hell's Hinges 1916 1994
High Noon 1952 1989
High School 1969 1991
Hindenburg Disaster Newsreel Footage 1937 1997
His Girl Friday 1940 1993
Hitch-Hiker, The 1953 1998
Hoop Dreams 1994 2005
Hoosiers 1986 2001
Hospital 1970 1994
Hospital, The 1971 1995
House I Live In, The 1945 2007
House in the Middle, The 1954 2001
House of Usher 1960 2005
How Green Was My Valley 1941 1990
How the West Was Won 1962 1997
Hunters, The 1957 2003
Hustler, The 1961 1997
I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang 1932 1991
Imitation of Life 1934 2005
Immigrant, The 1917 1998
In a Lonely Place 1950 2007
In Cold Blood 1967 2008
In the Heat of the Night 1967 2002
In the Land of the Head Hunters 1914 1999
In the Street 1948 2006
Intolerance 1916 1989
Invasion of the Body Snatchers 1956 1994
Invisible Man, The 1933 2008
It 1927 2001
It Happened One Night 1934 1993
It's a Wonderful Life 1946 1990
Italian, The 1915 1991
Jailhouse Rock 1957 2004
Jam Session 1942 2001
Jeffries-Johnson World's Championship Boxing Contest 1910 2005
Jammin' the Blues 1944 1995
Hàm cá mập 1975 2001
Jazz on a Summer's Day 1959 1999
Jazz Singer, The 1927 1996
Johnny Guitar 1954 2008
Killer of Sheep 1977 1990
Killers, The 1946 2008
King: a Phimed Record...Montgomery To Memphis 1970 1999
King Kong 1933 1991
Kiss, The 1896 1999
Kiss Me Deadly 1955 1999
Kannapolis, NC 1941 2004
Knute Rockne, All American 1940 1997
Koyaanisqatsi 1983 2000
Lady Eve, The 1941 1994
Lady Helen's Escapade 1909 2004
Lady Windermere's Fan 1925 2002
Lambchops 1929 1999
Land Beyond the Sunset 1912 2000
Lassie Come Home 1943 1993
Last Command, The 1928 2006
Last of the Mohicans, The 1920 1995
Last Picture Show, The 1971 1998
Laura 1944 1999
Lawrence of Arabia 1962 1991
Learning Tree, The 1969 1989
Let's All Go To the Lobby 1957 2000
Letter from an Unknown Woman 1948 1992
Life and Death of 9413: a Hollywood Extra, The 1927 1997
Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter, The 1980 1996
Life of Emile Zola, The 1937 2000
Little Caesar 1930 2000
Little Fugitive 1953 1997
Little Miss Marker 1934 1998
Living Desert, The 1953 2000
Lost World, The 1925 1998
Louisiana Story 1948 1994
Love Finds Andy Hardy 1938 2000
Love Me Tonight 1932 1990
MASH 1970 1996
Magical Maestro 1952 1993
Magnificent Ambersons, The 1942 1991
Making of an American 1920 2005
Maltese Falcon, The 1941 1989
Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, The 1962 2007
Manchurian Candidate, The 1962 1994
Manhatta 1921 1995
Manhattan 1979 2001
March, The 1964 2008
March of Time: Inside Nazi Germany 1938 1993
Marian Anderson: the Lincoln Memorial Concert 1939 2001
Marty 1955 1994
Master Hands 1936 1999
Matrimony's Speed Limit 1913 2003
Mean Streets 1973 1997
Medium Cool 1969 2003
Meet Me in St. Louis 1944 1994
Melody Ranch 1940 2002
Memphis Belle 1944 2001
Meshes of the Afternoon 1943 1990
Midnight Cowboy 1969 1994
Mighty Like a Moose 1926 2007
Mildred Pierce 1945 1996
Miracle of Morgan's Creek, The 1944 2001
Miracle on 34th Street 1947 2005
Miss Lulu Bett 1922 2001
Modern Times 1936 1989
Modesta 1956 1998
Mom and Dad 1944 2005
Morocco 1930 1992
Motion Painting No. 1 1947 1997
Movie, A 1958 1994
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939 1989
Multiple Sidosis 1970 2000
Music Box, The 1932 1997
Music Man, The 1962 2005
My Darling Clementine 1946 1991
My Man Godfrey 1936 1999
Naked City, The 1948 2007
Naked Spur, The 1953 1997
Nanook of the North 1922 1989
Nashville 1975 1992
National Lampoon's Animal House 1978 2001
National Velvet 1944 2003
Naughty Marietta 1935 2003
Network 1976 2000
Night at the Opera, A 1935 1993
Night of the Hunter, The 1955 1992
Night of the Living Dead 1968 1999
Ninotchka 1939 1990
No Lies 1973 2008
North by Northwest 1959 1995
(nostalgia) 1971 2003
Nothing But a Man 1964 1993
Notorious 1946 2006
Now, Voyager 1942 2007
Nutty Professor, The 1963 2004
OffOn 1968 2004
Oklahoma! 1955 2007
On the Bowery 1957 2008
On the Waterfront 1954 1989
Bay trên tổ chim cúc cu 1975 1993
One Froggy Evening 1956 2003
One Week 1920 2008
Out of the Past 1947 1991
Ox-Bow Incident, The 1943 1998
Our Day 1938 2007
Outlaw Josey Wales, The 1976 1996
Pass the Gravy 1928 1998
Paths of Glory 1957 1992
Patton 1970 2003
Pawnbroker, The 1965 2008
Pearl, The 1948 2002
Peege 1972 2007
Perils of Pauline, The 1914 2008
Peter Pan 1924 2000
Phantom of the Opera, The 1925 1998
Philadelphia Story, The 1940 1995
Pinocchio 1940 1994
Place in the Sun, A 1951 1991
Planet of the Apes 1968 2001
Plow That Broke the Plains, The 1936 1999
Point of Order 1964 1993
Poor Little Rich Girl, The 1917 1991
Popeye the Sailor Meets Sinbad the Sailor 1936 2004
Porky in Wackyland 1938 2000
Power of the Press, The 1928 2005
Powers of Ten 1978 1998
President McKinley Inauguration Footage 1901 2000
Primary 1960 1990
Princess Nicotine; or, The Smoke Fairy 1909 2003
Prisoner of Zenda, The 1937 1991
Producers, The 1968 1996
Psycho 1960 1992
Public Enemy, The 1931 1998
Pull My Daisy 1959 1996
Punch Drunks 1934 2002
Pups is Pups 1930 2004
Raging Bull 1980 1990
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1981 1999
Raisin in the Sun, A 1961 2005
Rear Window 1954 1997
Rebel Without a Cause 1955 1990
Red Dust 1932 2006
Red River 1948 1990
Regeneration 1915 2000
Reminiscences of a Journey to Lithuania 1971-72 2006
Republic Steel Strike Riot Newsreel Footage 1937 1997
Return of the Secaucus 7 1980 1997
Ride the High Country 1962 1992
Rip Van Winkle 1896 1995
River, The 1937 1990
Road to Morocco 1942 1996
Rocky 1976 2006
Rocky Horror Picture Show, The 1975 2005
Roman Holiday 1953 1999
Rose Hobart 1936 2001
Sabrina 1954 2002
Safety Last 1923 1994
Salesman 1969 1992
Salomé 1923 2000
Salt of the Earth 1954 1992
San Francisco earthquake and fire 1906 2005
Scarface 1932 1994
Schindler's List 1993 2004
Searchers, The 1956 1989
Serene Velocity 1970 2001
Sergeant York 1941 2008
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers 1954 2004
Seventh Heaven 1927 1995
sex, lies, and videotape 1989 2006
Sex Life of the Polyp, The 1928 2007
Shadow of a Doubt 1943 1991
Shadows 1959 1993
Shaft 1971 2000
Shane 1953 1993
She Done Him Wrong 1933 1996
Sherlock, Jr. 1924 1991
Sherman's March 1986 2000
Shock Corridor 1963 1996
Shop Around the Corner, The 1940 1999
Show Boat 1936 1996
Show People 1928 2003
Siege 1940 2006
Singin' in the Rain 1952 1989
Sky High 1922 1998
Snow White 1933 1994
Nàng Bạch Tuyết và Bảy chú lùn 1937 1989
So's Your Old Man 1926 2008
Some Like It Hot 1959 1989
Son of the Sheik, The 1926 2003
Sound of Music, The 1965 2001
Stagecoach 1939 1995
Star Is Born, A 1954 2000
Star Theatre 1901 2002
Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope 1977 1989
Steamboat Willie 1928 1998
Sting, The 1973 2005
Stormy Weather 1943 2001
Stranger Than Paradise 1984 2002
Chuyến tàu mang tên dục vọng 1951 1999
Strong Man, The 1926 2007
St. Louis Blues 1929 2006
Sullivan's Travels 1941 1990
Sunrise 1927 1989
Sunset Boulevard 1950 1989
Sweet Smell of Success 1957 1993
Swing Time 1936 2004
T.A.M.I. Show, The 1964 2006
Tabu 1931 1994
Tacoma Narrows Bridge Collapse 1940 1998
Tall T, The 1957 2000
Tarzan and His Mate 1934 2003
Taxi Driver 1976 1994
Tell-Tale Heart, The 1953 2001
Ten Commandments, The 1956 1999
Terminator, The 1984 2008
Tess of the Storm Country 1914 2006
Tevye 1939 1991
Theodore Case Sound Test: Gus Visser and his Singing Duck 1925 2002
There It Is 1928 2004
Thief of Bagdad, The 1924 1996
Thin Blue Line, The 1988 2001
Thin Man, The 1934 1997
Thing from Another World, The 1951 2001
Think of Me First as a Person 1960-75 2006
This is Cinerama 1952 2002
This is Spinal Tap 1984 2002
Three Little Pigs 1933 2007
Through Navajo Eyes[3] 1966 2002
Time for Burning, A 1966 2005
Time Out of War, A 1954 2006
Tin Toy 1988 2003
Tồn tại hay không tồn tại 1942 1996
To Fly! 1976 1995
Giết con chim nhại 1962 1995
Tol'able David 1921 2007
Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son 1969-71 2007
Tootsie 1982 1998
Top Hat 1935 1990
Topaz 1943-45 1996
Touch of Evil 1958 1993
Toy Story 1995 2005
Traffic in Souls 1913 2006
Trance and Dance in Bali 1936-39[4] 1999
Treasure of the Sierra Madre, The 1948 1990
Trouble in Paradise 1932 1991
Tulips Shall Grow 1942 1997
Twelve O'Clock High 1949 1998
Unforgiven 1992 2004
Verbena Tragica 1939 1996
Vertigo 1958 1989
Pat O'Neill 1989 2008
Wedding March, The 1928 2003
West Side Story 1961 1997
Westinghouse Works, 1904[5] 1904 1998
What's Opera, Doc? 1957 1992
Where Are My Children? 1916 1993
White Fawn's Devotion 1910 2008
White Heat 1949 2003
Why Man Creates 1968 2002
Why We Fight[6] 1943-45 2000
Wild and Woolly 1917 2002
Wild Bunch, The 1969 1999
Wild River 1960 2002
Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? 1957 2000
Wind, The 1928 1993
Wings 1927 1997
Within Our Gates 1920 1992
Wizard of Oz, The 1939 1989
Women, The 1939 2007
Woman of the Year 1942 1999
Woman Under the Influence, A 1974 1990
Woodstock 1970 1996
Đồi gió hú 1939 2007
Yankee Doodle Dandy 1942 1993
Young Frankenstein 1974 2003
Young Mr. Lincoln 1939 2003
Zapruder film 1963 1994

Tham khảo[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ Parts 1-5, 7 and 10.
  2. ^ A serial of 13 episodes.
  3. ^ A series of seven short phims.
  4. ^ The phim was not released until 1952.
  5. ^ A collection of 21 short phims.
  6. ^ A series of seven phims, all of which were inducted.

Liên kết ngoài[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]