Epipactis

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Epipactis
Epipactis palustris - soo-neiuvaip.jpg
Phân loại khoa học
Giới (regnum) Plantae
(không phân hạng) Angiospermae
(không phân hạng) Monocots
Bộ (ordo) Asparagales
Họ (familia) Orchidaceae
Chi (genus) Epipactis
Zinn, 1759
Danh pháp đồng nghĩa

Epipactis là một chi thực vật có hoa trong họ Lan.[1]

Các loài[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  • Epipactis africana (Ethiopia to Malawi)
  • Epipactis albensis (C. Europe)
    • Epipactis albensis var. albensis (EC. Europe). Rhizome geophyte
    • Epipactis albensis var. fibri (France). Hemicryptophye or rhizome geophyte
  • Epipactis aspromontana (Italy) - now synonym of Epipactis leptochila subsp. aspromontana (Bartolo, Pulv. & Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis atromarginata (Vietnam)
  • Epipactis atrorubens (Hoffm.) Besser : Dark Red Helleborine, Royal Helleborine (Europe to Caucasus)
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. atrorubens
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. atrata A.Waldner & Webernd (Austria)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. danubialis (Robatsch & Rydlo) Ciocârlan & R.Rösler
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. spiridonovii (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. subclausa (Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. triploidea (Gelbr. & G.Hamel) Kreutz
  • Epipactis autumnalis D.Doro (Italy)
  • Epipactis baumanniorum Ströhle
  • Epipactis bithynica (Turkey) - now synonym of Epipactis helleborine subsp. bithynica (Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis bugacensis (Hungary, near Bugacpusztaháza)
  • Epipactis campeadorii (Spain)
  • Epipactis cardina (Spain)
  • Epipactis condensata (Turkey to Lebanon, Cyprus, W. Transcaucasus)
  • Epipactis cretica (Crete)
  • Epipactis danubialis (Romania) - now synonym of Epipactis atrorubens subsp. danubialis (Robatsch & Rydlo) Ciocârlan & R.Rösler
  • Epipactis degenii (Greece) - now synonym of Epipactis halacsyi subsp. degenii (Szentp. & Mónus) Kreutz
  • Epipactis distans Arvet-Touvet (Central Europe)
  • Epipactis dunensis (Great Britain: N. England to N. Wales)
  • Epipactis duriensis Bernardos, et al. (Portugal) - now synonym of Epipactis tremolsii var. duriensis (Bernardos, D.Tyteca, Revuelta & Amich) P.Delforge
  • Epipactis exilis P.Delforge - now a synonym of Epipactis persica subsp. exilis (P.Delforge) Kreutz
  • Epipactis flaminia (EC. Europe) - now synonym of Epipactis greuteri var. flaminia (P.R.Savelli & Aless.) Kreutz
  • Epipactis flava (Laos, Thailand).
  • Epipactis futakii (EC. Europe) - now synonym of Epipactis leptochila var. futakii (Mered'a & Potek) P.Delforge
Giant helleborine (Epipactis gigantea)
  • Epipactis gigantea : Stream Orchid, Chatterbox, Giant Helleborine (W. Canada to N. Mexico).
  • Epipactis greuteri H.Baumann & Künkele (Greece).
    • Epipactis greuteri var. flaminia (P.R.Savelli & Aless.) Kreutz
    • Epipactis greuteri var. preinensis (Seiser) P.Delforge
    • Epipactis greuteri subsp. preinensis (Austria)
  • Epipactis guegelii (Romania)
  • Epipactis halacsyi Robatsch (Greece) - now basionym of Epipactis viridiflora subsp. halacsyi
    • Epipactis halacsyi subsp. degenii (Szentp. & Mónus) Kreutz
  • Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz : Broad-leaved Helleborine (N. Africa, Europe to C. China, Type species).
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. bithynica (Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. helleborine (N. Africa, Europe to C. China).
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. latina (Italy to NW. Balkan Pen).
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. leutei (Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis helleborine var. minor R.Engel (France)
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. molochina (P.Delforge) Kreutz
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. neerlandica (W. Europe).
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. orbicularis (C. Europe) synonym of Epipactis distans Arvet-Touvet
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. schubertiorum (Bartolo, Pulv. & Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. transcaucasica (Caucasus). Hemicryptophye or rhizome geophyte
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. tremolsii (W. Medit.) Hemicryptophye or rhizome geophyte
    • Epipactis helleborine var. youngiana (A.J.Richards & A.F.Porter) Kreutz
  • Epipactis ioessa Bongiorni, De Vivo, Fori & Romolini (Italy)
  • Epipactis kleinii (S. France to E. Spain)
  • Epipactis komoricensis (EC. Europe) - now synonym of Epipactis leptochila subsp. komoricensis (Mered'a) Kreutz
  • Epipactis lapidocampi E.Klein & Laminger (Austria)
  • Epipactis latifolia All., nom. illeg. (synonym of Epipactis helleborine)
    • Epipactis latifolia lus. rosea Erdner - now synonym of Epipactis viridiflora var. rosea (Erdner) Kreutz
  • Epipactis leptochila (Godfery) Godfery : Narrow-lipped Helleborine (Europe).
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. aspromontana (Bartolo, Pulv. & Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis leptochila var. cleistogama (C.Thomas) Kreutz
    • Epipactis leptochila var. dinarica (S.Hertel & Riech.) P.Delforge
    • Epipactis leptochila var. futakii (Mered'a & Potek) P.Delforge
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. komoricensis (Mered'a) Kreutz
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. leptochila (Europe)
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. maestrazgona (P.Delforge & Gévaudan) Kreutz
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. naousaensis (Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. neglecta (WC. Europe). Hemicryptophyte or rhizome geophyte
    • Epipactis leptochila var. peitzii (H.Neumann & Wucherpf.) P.Delforge
    • Epipactis leptochila subsp. sancta (P.Delforge) Kreutz
  • Epipactis leutei (Austria) - now synonym of Epipactis helleborine subsp. leutei (Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis liestalensis (C. Europe).
  • Epipactis lusitanica (S. and N. Portugal)- now synonym of Epipactis tremolsii subsp. lusitanica (D.Tyteca) Kreutz
  • Epipactis maestrazgona P.Delforge & Gévaudan (Spain)
  • Epipactis magnibracteata (NC. China)
  • Epipactis mairei (Nepal to C. China)
  • Epipactis mecsekensis (Hungary) - now a synonym of Epipactis nordeniorum subsp. mecsekensis (A.Molnár & Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis meridionalis H.Baumann & R.Lorenz (Sicilia to S. Italy)
  • Epipactis microphylla (Europe to Iran)
  • Epipactis molochina P.Delforge (Spain)
  • Epipactis moravica Batousek (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary) - now a synonym of Epipactis nordeniorum subsp. moravica (Batousek) Kreutz
  • Epipactis muelleri (W. & C. Europe).
    • Epipactis muelleri subsp. cerritae (Sicilia). Hemicryptophye or rhizome geophyte
    • Epipactis muelleri subsp. muelleri (W. & C. Europe) Rhizome geophyte
  • Epipactis nauosaensis (Greece) - now a synonym of Epipactis leptochila subsp. naousaensis (Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis nordeniorum Robatsch (Austria)
    • Epipactis nordeniorum subsp. mecsekensis (A.Molnár & Robatsch) Kreutz
    • Epipactis nordeniorum subsp. moravica (Batousek) Kreutz
  • Epipactis ohwii (C. Taiwan)
  • Epipactis olympica (Greece)
  • Epipactis palustris : Marsh Helleborine, Marsh Orchid (Europe to Caucasus and Mongolia)
  • Epipactis papillosa (Russian Far East to Korea, Japan)
  • Epipactis persica (Soó) Nannf. (SE. Europe to W. Pakistan)
    • Epipactis persica subsp. exilis (P.Delforge) Kreutz
  • Epipactis phyllanthes G.E.Sm. : Green-flowered Helleborine (W. & NW. Europe).
    • Epipactis phyllanthes subsp. fageticola (C.E.Hermos.) Kreutz
    • Epipactis phyllanthes var. olarionensis (France). Hemicryptophye or rhizome geophyte
    • Epipactis phyllanthes var. phyllanthes (W. & NW. Europe)
  • Epipactis placentina (Switzerland to Italy).
  • Epipactis pollinensis (Italy) - now synonym of Epipactis viridiflora var. pollinensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz
  • Epipactis pontica (EC. Europe to N. Turkey)
  • Epipactis provincialis (France)
  • Epipactis pseudopurpurata (Slovakia) - Epipactis viridiflora subsp. pseudopurpurata (Mered'a) Kreutz
  • Epipactis rechingeri (N. Iran)
  • Epipactis rhodanensis (France to Austria)
  • Epipactis robatschiana Bartolo, D'Emerico, Pulv., Terrasi & Stuto (Italy)
  • Epipactis royleana (E. Afghanistan to Himalaya)
  • Epipactis sancta: Lindisfarne helleborine
  • Epipactis schubertiorum (Italy) - now synonym of Epipactis helleborine subsp. schubertiorum (Bartolo, Pulv. & Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis spiridonovii (Bulgaria) - now synonym of Epipactis atrorubens subsp. spiridonovii (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz
  • Epipactis stellifera (Switzerland)
  • Epipactis subclausa (Greece) - now synonym of Epipactis atrorubens subsp. subclausa (Robatsch) Kreutz
  • Epipactis tallosii (Slovakia, Hungary)
  • Epipactis tenii (China)
  • Epipactis thessala (N. & C. Greece)
  • Epipactis thunbergii (S. Russian Far East to Korea, Japan to Nansei-shoto)
  • Epipactis tremolsii Pau
    • Epipactis tremolsii subsp. densifolia (W.Hahn, Passin & R.Wegener) Kreutz
    • Epipactis tremolsii var. duriensis (Bernardos, D.Tyteca, Revuelta & Amich) P.Delforge
    • Epipactis tremolsii subsp. heraclea (P.Delforge & Kreutz) Kreutz
    • Epipactis tremolsii subsp. lusitanica (D.Tyteca) Kreutz
    • Epipactis tremolsii subsp. turcica (Kreutz) Kreutz
  • Epipactis troodi (Cyprus, Turkey )
  • Epipactis turcica (E. Aegean Is. to Turkey) - now synonym of Epipactis tremolsii subsp. turcica (Kreutz) Kreutz
  • Epipactis turcomanica (C. Asia)
  • Epipactis ulugurica (Tanzania)
  • Epipactis veratrifolia : Scarce Marsh Helleborine (Caucasus to Somalia and SC. China)
  • Epipactis viridiflora (Hoffm.) Krock: Clustered Helleborine, Violet Helleborine (Europe)
    • Epipactis viridiflora subsp. halacsyi (Robatsch) B.Baumann & H.Baumann (Greece)
    • Epipactis viridiflora subsp. pollinensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) B.Baumann & H.Baumann (Italy)
    • Epipactis viridiflora subsp. pseudopurpurata (Mered'a) Kreutz
    • Epipactis viridiflora var. rosea (Erdner) Kreutz
  • Epipactis xanthophaea (China)
  • Epipactis youngiana : Young's Helleborine (Great Britain) - now synonym of Epipactis helleborine var. youngiana (A.J.Richards & A.F.Porter) Kreutz

Hình ảnh[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Chú thích[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ The Plant List (2010). Epipactis. Truy cập ngày 20 tháng 8 năm 2013. 

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