Bản mẫu:Gallery

Bách khoa toàn thư mở Wikipedia
Bước tới: menu, tìm kiếm
Hình tượng tài liệu Tài liệu bản mẫu[xem] [sửa] [lịch sử] [làm tươi]

This template provides advanced gallery building functionality (fine-tuned formatting control). For creating basic galleries, use the Gallery tag.

This template displays a gallery of images in an array, left-to-right in rows. Global parameters |width = and |height = control the size of all images in the gallery unless overridden by an image's |widthn = parameter. The number of images per row is based upon the image width parameters and the width of the screen. The number of images per row can change when the user resizes the window.

For style guidelines about where galleries are appropriate, see §Image galleries of Wikipedia's Image use policy.

Thông số[sửa mã nguồn]

Cho mỗi hình ảnh[sửa mã nguồn]

Specify a line of the following form for each image.

|Tập tin:Tên tập tin |altn = Alt text |Caption

Where:

|Tập tin:Tên tập tin – the image's file name. Either Tập tin: or Hình: prefix may be used
|Altn =alt attribute: |alt1 = for the first image, |alt2 = for the second image, etc
Alt text – the alternative text for the image, used by visually impaired or other readers who cannot see the image clearly. If omitted, the image's alt text will be blank.
|Caption – the caption under the image; see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Captions

Thông số tùy chọn[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters apply to the gallery:

|title = – The gallery's title
|align = – The alignment of the gallery on the page, left (default), center, or right; ignored when |state = is set
|footer = – Small, right-aligned text below the images
|style =CSS style directives for the whole gallery (see Help:Cascading Style Sheets)
|state = – Sets the default state of collapsible galleries; use |state = expanded or |state = collapsed; collapsible galleries occupy the full page width

These parameters apply to all of the images in the gallery:

|height = – Maximum height of each image. If this parameter is not included, |height = defaults to 180 pixels.
|width = – Maximum width of each image, default is 180 pixels.
|cellwidth = – Width of each image cell or box, default is |width = ). If specified, |cellwidth = overrides any value specified with |width = .
|captionstyle =CSS style directives for the captions (see Help:Cascading Style Sheets)

The image's original ratio of width to height cannot be modified by |width = or |height = – a rectangular image will not be made square if |width = and |height = are set to the same value.

These parameters apply to each image, separately:

|widthn = (where n is a number) – specifies the width of image n when it needs to be different from the value specified by |width =

Note that making an image wider with the |widthn = parameter does not produce a wider caption, which will still be constrained by the |width = parameter.

Ví dụ[sửa mã nguồn]

{{Gallery
|title=Cultural depictions of George Washington
|width=160 | height=170
|align=center
|footer=Ví dụ 1
|Tập tin:Federal Hall NYC 27.JPG 
 |alt1=Statue facing a city building with Greek columns and huge U.S. flag
 |Statue of Washington outside [[Federal Hall]] in [[New York City]], looking on [[Wall Street]]
|Tập tin:Mount Rushmore2.jpg 
 |alt2=Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
 |Construction of Washington portrait at [[Mount Rushmore]], c. 1932
|Tập tin:2006 Quarter Proof.png 
 |alt3=Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust. 
 |Washington is commemorated on a [[Quarter (United States coin)|quarter]].
|Tập tin:George Washington Presidential $1 Coin obverse.png 
 |alt4=Gold coin with bust of Washington facing slightly left
 |Washington on a [[dollar coin (United States)|dollar coin]]
}}
Cultural depictions of George Washington
Statue facing a city building with Greek columns and huge U.S. flag
Statue of Washington outside Federal Hall in New York City, looking on Wall Street 
Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
Construction of Washington portrait at Mount Rushmore, c. 1932 
Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust.
Washington is commemorated on a quarter
Gold coin with bust of Washington facing slightly left
Washington on a dollar coin 
Ví dụ 1
{{Gallery
|title=Cultural depictions of George Washington
|width=120 |height=100
|align=center
|footer=Ví dụ 2a
|Tập tin:Federal Hall NYC 27.JPG
 |alt1=Statue facing a city building with Greek columns
 |Statue of Washington outside [[Federal Hall]] in [[New York City]], looking on [[Wall Street]]
|Tập tin:Mount Rushmore2.jpg
 |alt2=Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
 |Work on Washington portrait at [[Mount Rushmore]], c. 1932
|Tập tin:2006 Quarter Proof.png
 |alt3=Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust. 
 |Washington on a [[Quarter (United States coin)|quarter]]
|Tập tin:United_States_one_dollar_bill,_obverse.jpg | width4=200 
 |alt4=Front side of U.S. dollar bill, with Washington portrait in center.
 |[[United States one-dollar bill|U.S. one-dollar bill]]
|Tập tin:George Washington Presidential $1 Coin obverse.png
 |alt5=Gold coin with bust of Washington facing left
 |Washington on a [[dollar coin (United States)|dollar coin]]
}}
Cultural depictions of George Washington
Statue facing a city building with Greek columns
Statue of Washington outside Federal Hall in New York City, looking on Wall Street 
Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
Work on Washington portrait at Mount Rushmore, c. 1932 
Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust.
Washington on a quarter 
Front side of U.S. dollar bill, with Washington portrait in center.
Gold coin with bust of Washington facing left
Washington on a dollar coin 
Ví dụ 2a

Note how in the above example, the parameter |width4 = 200 sets the width of image 4, to allow the dollar-bill image to be wider than the other images in the gallery. However, the width of the caption remains at 120px, as set by the |width = 120 parameter.

Cultural depictions of George Washington
Statue facing a city building with Greek columns
Statue of Washington outside Federal Hall in New York City, looking on Wall Street 
Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
Work on Washington portrait at Mount Rushmore, c. 1932 
Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust.
Washington on a quarter 
Front side of U.S. dollar bill, with Washington portrait in center
U.S. one-dollar bill – the caption here is still constrained by the width parameter. 
Gold coin with bust of Washington facing left
Washington on a dollar coin 
Ví dụ 2b

Xem thêm[sửa mã nguồn]