George Cukor

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George Cukor
Sinh George Dewey Cukor
7 tháng 7, 1899(1899-07-07)
Manhattan, New York, Hoa Kỳ
Mất 24 tháng 1, 1983 (83 tuổi)
Los Angeles, California, Hoa Kỳ
Nguyên nhân mất Bệnh tim
Nơi an nghỉ Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California
Nghề nghiệp Đạo diễn
Năm hoạt động 1930–81

George Dewey Cukor ( /ˈkjuːkər/; 7 Tháng Bảy năm 1899 - 24 tháng 1 năm 1983) là một đạo diễn phim người Mỹ.[1] Ông chủ yếu tập trung vào các phim hài và phim chuyển thể văn học. Sự nghiệp của ông phát triển mạnh mẽ tại studio RKO khi David O. Selznick, Giám đốc sản xuất của studio, giao Cukor đạo diễn một số bộ phim lớn của RKO, bao gồm What Price Hollywood? (1932), A Bill of Divorcement (1932), Our Betters (1933), và Little Women (1933). Khi Selznick chuyển đến MGM vào năm 1933, Cukor cũng đi theo và đạo diễn các phim Dinner at Eight (1933) và David Copperfield (1935) cho Selznick; Romeo and Juliet (1936) và Camille (1936) cho Irving Thalberg.

Ông đã bị thay thế khỏi vị trí đạo diễn của phim Cuốn theo chiều gió (1939), nhưng ông đã đạo diễn các phim The Philadelphia Story (1940), Gaslight (1944), Adam's Rib (1949), Born Yesterday (1950), A Star Is Born (1954), Bhowani Junction (1956), và My Fair Lady (1964). Ông tiếp tục làm việc cho tới những năm 1980.

Sự nghiệp điện ảnh[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Năm Phim Studio Thể loại
Cast Notes
1930 Grumpy Paramount Pictures Drama Cyril Maude Co-directed with Cyril Gardner
1930 The Virtuous Sin Paramount Pictures Drama Kay Francis, Walter Huston, Kenneth MacKenna Co-directed with Louis J. Gasnier
1930 The Royal Family of Broadway Paramount Pictures Comedy Fredric March, Ina Claire Co-directed with Cyril Gardner
1931 Tarnished Lady Paramount Pictures Drama Tallulah Bankhead, Clive Brook, Alexander Kirkland
1931 Girls About Town Paramount Pictures Comedy Kay Francis, Lilyan Tashman, Joel McCrea
1932 One Hour with You Paramount Pictures Musical Maurice Chevalier, Jeanette MacDonald Directed part of the film when Ernst Lubitsch took ill and was credited as dialogue director
1932 Une heure près de toi Paramount Pictures Musical Maurice Chevalier, Jeanette MacDonald French version of One Hour With You / Co-directed with Ernst Lubitsch
1932 What Price Hollywood? RKO Drama Constance Bennett, Lowell Sherman, Neil Hamilton
1932 A Bill of Divorcement RKO Drama John Barrymore, Billie Burke, Katharine Hepburn
1932 Rockabye RKO Drama Constance Bennett, Joel McCrea, Paul Lukas David O. Selznick hired Cukor to film two weeks of retakes after the initial film by George Fitzmaurice did not meet expectations
1932 The Animal Kingdom RKO Drama Leslie Howard, Ann Harding, Myrna Loy Uncredited
1933 Our Betters RKO Drama Constance Bennett
1933 Dinner At Eight MGM Drama John Barrymore, Jean Harlow, Marie Dressler, Lionel Barrymore, Billie Burke, Wallace Beery
1933 Little Women RKO Drama Katharine Hepburn, Joan Bennett, Douglass Montgomery
1934 Manhattan Melodrama MGM, Cosmopolitan Pictures Crime Clark Gable, William Powell, Myrna Loy Directed additional scenes after production
1935 David Copperfield MGM Drama Freddie Bartholomew, W. C. Fields, Lionel Barrymore
1935 No More Ladies MGM Comedy Joan Crawford, Robert Montgomery, Franchot Tone Completed filming when Edward H. Griffith took ill
1935 Sylvia Scarlett RKO Comedy Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Brian Aherne
1936 Romeo and Juliet MGM Romance Norma Shearer, Leslie Howard, John Barrymore, Basil Rathbone
1936 Camille MGM Romance Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor, Henry Daniell
1938 I Met My Love Again Walter Wanger Productions Romance Joan Bennett, Henry Fonda Assisted Joshua Logan in directing parts of the film
1938 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer David O. Selznick Adventure Tommy Kelly, Jackie Moran Shot some retakes after production completed
1938 Holiday Columbia Drama Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant
1939 Zaza Paramount Drama Claudette Colbert, Herbert Marshall
1939 The Women MGM Drama Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell
1939 Gone With the Wind David O. Selznick Drama Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Olivia De Havilland, Leslie Howard Fired in the early stages of production, a few of his scenes remain in the finished film
1940 Susan and God MGM Comedy Joan Crawford, Fredric March
1940 The Philadelphia Story MGM Comedy Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Jimmy Stewart Nominated for Six Oscars Including Best Picture
1941 A Woman's Face MGM Drama Joan Crawford, Melvyn Douglas, Conrad Veidt
1941 Two-Faced Woman MGM Comedy Greta Garbo, Melvyn Douglas, Constance Bennett
1942 Her Cardboard Lover MGM Comedy Norma Shearer, Robert Taylor, George Sanders
1942 Keeper of the Flame MGM Drama Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn
1943 Resistance and Ohm's Law Army Signal Corps Documentary short film
1944 Gaslight MGM Drama Ingrid Bergman, Charles Boyer, Joseph Cotten Nominated for seven Oscars, including Best Picture
1944 Winged Victory 20th Century Fox War Ensemble cast
1944 I'll Be Seeing You David O. Selznick Drama Ginger Rogers, Joseph Cotten, Shirley Temple Replaced by William Dieterle during production
1947 Desire Me MGM Drama Greer Garson, Robert Mitchum Contributed to the film along with 4 other directors
1947 A Double Life Garson Kanin Film noir Ronald Colman, Signe Hasso, Shelley Winters
1949 Edward, My Son MGM Drama Spencer Tracy, Deborah Kerr
1949 Adam's Rib MGM Comedy Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn, Judy Holliday
1950 A Life of Her Own MGM Drama Lana Turner, Ray Milland
1950 Born Yesterday Columbia Comedy Judy Holliday, Broderick Crawford, William Holden Nominated for five Oscars including Best Picture
1951 The Model and the Marriage Broker 20th Century Fox Comedy Thelma Ritter, Jeanne Crain, Scott Brady
1952 The Marrying Kind Columbia Comedy Judy Holliday, Aldo Ray
1952 Pat and Mike MGM Comedy Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn, Aldo Ray
1953 The Actress MGM Comedy Spencer Tracy, Teresa Wright, Jean Simmons
1954 It Should Happen to You Columbia Comedy Judy Holliday, Peter Lawford, Jack Lemmon
1954 A Star Is Born Warner Bros., Transcona Enterprises Drama Judy Garland, James Mason Partially lost film
1956 Bhowani Junction MGM Drama Ava Gardner, Stewart Granger
1957 Les Girls MGM Musical Gene Kelly, Mitzi Gaynor, Kay Kendall
1957 Wild Is the Wind Paramount Pictures Drama Anna Magnani, Anthony Quinn
1958 Hot Spell Paramount Pictures Drama Shirley Booth, Anthony Quinn, Shirley MacLaine Uncredited
1960 Heller in Pink Tights Paramount Pictures Western Sophia Loren, Anthony Quinn, Steve Forrest The final film was disavowed by Cukor
1960 Song Without End William Goetz Drama Dirk Bogarde, Capucine, Genevieve Page Completed the film when Charles Vidor died during production
1960 Let's Make Love The Company of Artists Musical Marilyn Monroe, Yves Montand, Tony Randall
1962 Something's Got to Give 20th Century Fox Comedy Marilyn Monroe, Dean Martin, Cyd Charisse The film was abandoned after Monroe's death / 37 minutes of footage survives
1962 The Chapman Report DFZ Productions Drama Shelley Winters, Jane Fonda, Claire Bloom, Glynis Johns
1964 My Fair Lady Warner Bros. Musical Audrey Hepburn, Rex Harrison Winner Of Eight Oscars Including Best Picture
1969 Justine 20th Century Fox Drama Michael York, Anouk Aimée, Dirk Bogarde Replaced Joseph Strick shortly after production began
1972 Travels with My Aunt MGM Comedy Maggie Smith, Alec McCowen, Cindy Williams
1975 Love Among the Ruins American Broadcasting Company Drama Katharine Hepburn, Laurence Olivier Television film
1976 The Blue Bird 20th Century Fox, Lenfilm Studio, Tower International, Wenks Films Drama Elizabeth Taylor, Jane Fonda, Ava Gardner
1979 The Corn is Green Warner Bros. Television Drama Katharine Hepburn, Bill Fraser, Ian Saynor Television film
1981 Rich And Famous MGM, Jaquet Drama Jacqueline Bisset, Candice Bergen

Giải thưởng và đề cử[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Giải Oscar[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Năm Thể loại
Phim Kết quả
Lost to
1932/33 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất Little Women Frank Lloyd với phim Cavalcade
1940 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất The Philadelphia Story John Ford với phim The Grapes of Wrath
1947 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất A Double Life Elia Kazan với phim Gentleman's Agreement
1950 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất Born Yesterday Joseph L. Mankiewicz với phim All About Eve
1965 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất My Fair Lady

Giải Quả cầu vàng[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Năm Thể loại Phim
Kết quả
Lost to
1950 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất
Born Yesterday Billy Wilder với phim Sunset Boulevard
1962 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất The Chapman Report David Lean với phimLawrence of Arabia
1964 Đạo diễn xuất sắc nhất My Fair Lady

Xem thêm[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Tham khảo[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, ngày 26 tháng 1 năm 1983.

Sách tham khảo[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  • Hillstrom, Laurie Collier, International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. ISBN 1-55862-302-7.
  • Katz, Ephraim, The Film Encyclopedia. New York: HarperCollins, 2001. ISBN 0-06-273755-4.
  • Myrick, Susan, White Columns in Hollywood: Reports from the GWTW Sets. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1982 ISBN 0-86554-044-6.
  • Wakeman, John, World Film Directors. New York: H. W. Wilson Company 1987. ISBN 0-8242-0757-2.

Liên kết ngoài[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]