Bản mẫu:Thông tin sân bay

Bách khoa toàn thư mở Wikipedia
Tài liệu bản mẫu[xem] [sửa] [lịch sử] [làm mới]

Cách sử dụng[sửa mã nguồn]

Bản mẫu này bao gồm nhiều các thông số tự chọn trừ tên gọi. Các thông số không sử dụng có thể loại bỏ ra khỏi bản mẫu hoặc để trống. Việc sử dụng các biểu tượng cờ trong bản mẫu này cần hạ chế. Tuy nhiên, cần chú ý thông số lat_deg, lon_deg, land (xem thêm hướng dẫn bên dưới).

{{Thông tin sân bay
| tên = 
| tên địa phương = 
| tên địa phương-a = 
| tên địa phương-r = 
| hình = 
| cỡ hình = <!-- if less than 200 -->
| ghi chú hình = 
| hình2 = 
| cỡ hình2 = <!-- if less than 200 -->
| ghi chú hình2 = 
| IATA = 
| ICAO = 
| kiểu = 
| chủ-quản = 
| chủ = 
| quản lý = 
| thành phố = 
| quốc gia =
| diện tích = 
| hub = 
| khánh thành = <!-- military airports -->
| sử dụng = <!-- military airports -->
| chỉ huy = <!-- military airports -->
| đơn vị = <!-- military airports -->
| metric-elev = 
| elevation-f = 
| elevation-m = 
| coordinates = 
| website = 
| lat_deg = | lat_min = | lat_sec = | lat_dir = N/S
| lon_deg = | lon_min = | lon_sec = | lon_dir = E/W
| land = 
| metric-rwy = 
| r1-number = 
| r1-length-f = 
| r1-length-m = 
| r1-surface = <!-- up to r8 -->
| h1-number = 
| h1-length-f = 
| h1-length-m = 
| h1-surface = <!-- up to h12 -->
| stat-year = 
| stat1-header = 
| stat1-data = <!-- up to stat4 -->
| footnotes = 

Parameters[sửa mã nguồn]

All parameters except name are optional.

Airport name[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify the airport name which is displayed at the top of the infobox.

The name of the airport in English, such as Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport or Beijing Capital International Airport.
Airport name in a native language using Western characters (French, German, Spanish, etc.), such as Port Lotniczy im. Fryderyka Chopina. Can also be used for two different names in the same language (see Toronto Pearson International Airport).
Airport name in a native language with non-Western characters (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Arabic, etc.), such as 北京首都国际机场.
Use in conjunction with above for Romanized name of the airport, such as Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīcháng.

Airport image[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify an airport photograph or logo which is displayed below the title. A second image can also be displayed below the first image by using the parameter names ending with a "2".

The name of image file, i.e. airport.png or logo.gif, etc.
The image width in pixels, i.e. 175 (defaults to 200 if not specified). This parameter should only be used for small images that appear distorted when expanded to a width of 200 pixels.
Text displayed beneath the image. This should only be used for photographs that require an explanation; it should be omitted for aerial photographs or airport logos.

Airport codes[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify airport location identifiers which are displayed below the image (or below title if there is no image):

The airport's three character IATA location identifier. If omitted or left blank it will display as IATA: none.
The airport's four character ICAO location identifier. If omitted or left blank it will display as ICAO: none.
The three or four character FAA location identifier for airports in the United States. If omitted or left blank, nothing is displayed.

Airport summary[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify airport details for the "Summary" section displayed below the airport codes.

Airport type should be one of the following: Public, Private or Military. Do not use Commercial, General or Civil.
Name of the airport owner.
Name of the airport operator, if different than the owner.
If the airport is owned and operated by the same entity, use this in place of owner and operator.
If the airport is associated with a major city but actually located in a smaller town, list the major city here and the smaller town under location. This is not automatically linked, in order to allow multiple links if needed.
Example: city-served = [[Paris]]
Result: Paris
Name of the town or city where the airport is located. This is not automatically linked, in order to allow multiple links if needed.
Example: location = [[Orly]], [[France]]
Result: Orly, France
If the airport serves as an hub list the airlines here. This is not automatically linked, in order to allow multiple links if needed.
Example: [[Air Canada]], [[British Airways]]
Result: Air Canada, British Airways
Height above mean sea level, in feet.
Height above mean sea level, in meters.
Latitude and Longitude of airport, specified using the {{coord}} template. When entering the coordinates always ensure that the resultant map or image shows the airport. It is very easy to confuse "N" for "S" or "E" for "W". If used as shown below, this will also cause the airport to appear in Google Earth's Geographic Web Layer.
Example: coordinates = {{coord|49|27|16|N|002|06|46|E|type:airport|display=inline}}
Result: 49°27′16″B 002°06′46″Đ / 49,45444°B 2,11278°Đ / 49.45444; 2.11278
External link to the airport's official website. See Wikipedia: External links#How to link for more information.
Example: website = [http://www.dfwairport.com/ www.dfwairport.com]
Result: www.dfwairport.com

Bản đồ định vị[sửa mã nguồn]

lat_deg = [vĩ độ - độ]
lat_min = [vĩ độ - phút]
lat_sec = [vĩ độ - giây]
lat_dir = [N/S] (N - vĩ độ bắc; S - vĩ độ nam)
lon_deg = [kinh độ - độ]
lon_min = [kinh độ - phút]
lon_sec = [kinh độ - giây]
lon_dir = E/W (E - kinh độ đông; W - kinh độ tây)
land = [theo tên gọi địa danh của bản mẫu {{bản đồ định vị}}]. Ví dụ: nếu sân bay ở Hoa Kỳ, mà ta có {{Bản đồ định vị Hoa Kỳ}} thì land = Hoa Kỳ.

Military airports[sửa mã nguồn]

These optional parameters provide additional information for military airports. The parameter names are based on those used in Template:Infobox Military Structure. This allows the display of information from that template, without the need to include an additional infobox. For an example, see Davis-Monthan Air Force Base.

The date when the structure was built, usually given in years.
The period during which the structure was in active military use, usually given in years.
The current commanding officer, for structures currently in military use.
Any notable military units which occupy the structure.

Infobox control[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters control how certain fields within the infobox are displayed.

Set to any value to display elevation in metric units (meters) before imperial/US units (feet); leave blank to display imperial/US units first. This can be seen in example 1.
Set to any value to display runway length in metric units (meters) before imperial/US units (feet); leave blank to display imperial/US units first. Examples 1 and 2 below show the runway length with meters first; example 3 and 4 show it with feet before meters.

Runways[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify details for each runway in the "Runways" section displayed below the summary. This can also be used to specify water landing areas for seaplanes (see Fairbanks International Airport). Parameters start with r1- for the first runway, r2- for the second runway, up to r8- for the eighth runway (if more are needed, leave a message on the talk page). Each airport should have at least one runway.

rn-number (r1-number, r2-number,...)
The designation of the runway, normally two numbers like this → 02/20, 1st number is 18 lower than the 2nd. Where there are parallel runways an additional letter is added to each number, for example "L" for left, "R" for right and "C" for center. In certain cases a runway will only have one number when it can only be used in one direction. For airports in the United States the leading zero is not used and the designation should read 2/20.
rn-length-f (r1-length-f, r2-length-f,...)
Runway length in feet.
rn-length-m (r1-length-m, r2-length-m,...)
Runway length in meters.
rn-surface (r1-surface, r2-surface,...)
Runway surface type, such as: Bê tông, Asphalt, Gravel, Grass (or Turf), Dirt, Water, etc. Avoid the generic type "Paved" if possible.

Helipads[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify details for each helipad in the "Helipads" section displayed below the runways. Parameters start with h1- for the first helipad, h2- for the second helipad, up to h12- for the twelfth helipad (if more are needed, leave a message on the talk page). This section is optional and only appears if the h1- parameters are specified. See example 1 and example 3 below.

hn-number(h1-number, h2-number,...)
The designation of the helipad. In the United States this is usually the letter "H" followed by a number, i.e. "H1", "H2", etc.
hn-length-f (h1-length-f, h2-length-f,...)
Helipad length in feet.
hn-length-m (h1-length-m, h2-length-m,...)
Helipad length in meters.
hn-surface (h1-surface, h2-surface,...)
Helipad surface type, such as: Bê tông, Asphalt, etc. Avoid the generic type "Paved" if possible.

Statistics[sửa mã nguồn]

These parameters specify details for an optional "Statistics" section displayed below the runways and helipads. Parameters start with stat1- for the first statistic, stat2- for the second statistic, etc. This section only appears if the stat1- parameters are specified. See example 1 and example 3 below.

The calendar year for the statistics. This is displayed in parentheses after the word "Statistics" in the section header.
statn-header (stat1-header, stat2-header,...)
A brief description of each statistic, such as Passengers or Aircraft operations.
statn-data (stat1-data, stat2-data,...)
The data associated with the corresponding header.

Footnotes[sửa mã nguồn]

This parameter contains text for footnotes displayed at the bottom of the infobox.

The most common use for this field is to give sources or references for the data displayed in the infobox. See the examples below.

Microformat[sửa mã nguồn]

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the place-name and location parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue article across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to an address book. Within the hCard is a Geo microformat, which additionally makes the coordinates (latitude & longitude) parsable, so that they can be, say, looked up on a map, or downloaded to a GPS unit. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

If the place or venue has an "established", "founded", "opened" or similar date, use {{Start date}}.

hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • adr
  • agent
  • category
  • county-name
  • extended-address
  • fn
  • label
  • locality
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • region
  • street-address
  • vcard

Geo is produced by calling {{coord}}, and uses HTML classes:

  • geo
  • latitude
  • longitude

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

When giving coordinates, please don't be overly precise.

Examples[sửa mã nguồn]

Example 1[sửa mã nguồn]

Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport
Port Lotniczy im. Fryderyka Chopina
Warszawa/Okęcie Airport
Thông tin chung
Kiểu sân bayMilitary/Public
Cơ quan quản lýPolish Airports State Enterprise (PPL)
Thành phốWarsaw
Vị tríOkęcie district of Warsaw
Phục vụ bay choLOT Polish Airlines, Wizz Air
Độ cao110 m / 362 ft
Tọa độ52°09′57″B 020°58′2″Đ / 52,16583°B 20,96722°Đ / 52.16583; 20.96722 (Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport)
Trang mạngwww.lotnisko-chopina.pl
Đường băng
Hướng Chiều dài Bề mặt
m ft
11/29 2,800 9,186 Asphalt
15/33 3,689 12,106 Asphalt
Bãi đáp trực thăng
Số Chiều dài Bề mặt
m ft
H1 40 131 Bê tông
Thống kê (2008)
Statistics: Civil Aviation Office[1]
Sources: Polish AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport

This example shows the appearance of the infobox without an image.

Note: helipad information added to illustrate function of metric-rwy parameter.

{{Infobox airport
| name = Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport
| nativename = ''Port Lotniczy im. Fryderyka Chopina''
| nativename-r = Warszawa/Okęcie Airport
| type = Military/Public
| operator = Polish Airports State Enterprise (PPL)
| city-served = [[Warsaw]]
| location = [[Okęcie]] district of [[Warsaw]]
| hub = [[LOT Polish Airlines]], [[Wizz Air]]
| metric-elev = yes
| elevation-m = 110 
| elevation-f = 362
| coordinates = {{coord|52|09|57|N|020|58|02|E|type:airport_region:PL-MZ|display=inline,title|name=Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport}}
| website = [http://www.lotnisko-chopina.pl/?lang=en www.lotnisko-chopina.pl]
| metric-rwy = yes
| r1-number = 11/29
| r1-length-m = 2,800
| r1-length-f = 9,186
| r1-surface = [[Asphalt]]
| r2-number = 15/33
| r2-length-f = 12,106
| r2-length-m = 3,689
| r2-surface = Asphalt
| h1-number = H1
| h1-length-m = 40
| h1-length-f = 131
| h1-surface = [[Bê tông]]
| stat-year = 2008
| stat1-header = Passengers
| stat1-data = 11,736,958
| stat2-header = Movements
| stat2-data = 159,718
| stat
| footnotes = Statistics: Civil Aviation Office<ref name="stats">[http://www.ulc.gov.pl/_download/regulacja_rynku/statystyki/liczba_obsl_pasazerow_przesylek_20042007_150208.pdf Data from The Civil Aviation Office of Poland (Urząd Lotnictwa Cywilnego)]. {{pl icon}}</ref><br>Sources: Polish [[Aeronautical Information Publication|AIP]] at [[European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation|EUROCONTROL]]<ref>[http://www.ead.eurocontrol.int/publicuser/protect/pu/main.jsp EAD Basic]</ref>

Example 2[sửa mã nguồn]

Beijing Capital International Airport
Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīcháng
Beijing Capital Departure Hall
Thông tin chung
Kiểu sân bayPublic
Cơ quan quản lýCivil Aviation Administration of China
Thành phốBeijing
Vị tríChaoyang District, Beijing
Phục vụ bay choAir China, China Southern Airlines
Độ cao116 ft / 35 m
Tọa độ40°04′48″B 116°35′4″Đ / 40,08°B 116,58444°Đ / 40.08000; 116.58444 (Beijing Capital International Airport)
Trang mạngwww.bcia.com.cn
Đường băng
Hướng Chiều dài Bề mặt
m ft
18L/36R 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
18R/36L 3,200 10,499 Asphalt

Beijing Capital International Airport

This example shows the appearance of the infobox with an image and a caption.

It also uses both the nativename-a and nativename-r parameters.

{{Infobox airport
| name = Beijing Capital International Airport
| nativename-a = 北京首都国际机场
| nativename-r = Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīcháng
| image = Beijing Capital Departure Hall.jpg
| caption = Beijing Capital Departure Hall
| type = Public
| operator = [[Civil Aviation Administration of China]]
| city-served = [[Beijing]]
| location = [[Chaoyang District, Beijing]]
| hub = [[Air China]], [[China Southern Airlines]]
| elevation-f = 116
| elevation-m = 35
| coordinates = {{coord|40|04|48|N|116|35|04|E|type:airport_region:CN|display=inline,title|name=Beijing Capital International Airport}}
| website = [http://www.bcia.com.cn/ www.bcia.com.cn]
| metric-rwy = yes
| r1-number = 18L/36R
| r1-length-m = 3,800
| r1-length-f = 12,467
| r1-surface = [[Asphalt]]
| r2-number = 18R/36L
| r2-length-m = 3,200
| r2-length-f = 10,499
| r2-surface = Asphalt

Example 3[sửa mã nguồn]

Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport
Thông tin chung
Kiểu sân bayPublic
Chủ sở hữuCity of Dallas City of Fort Worth
Cơ quan quản lýDFW Airport Board
Thành phốDallas/Fort Worth
Vị trí{{{location}}}
Phục vụ bay choAmerican Airlines, American Eagle Airlines
Độ cao607 ft / 185 m
Tọa độ32°53′49″B 097°02′17″T / 32,89694°B 97,03806°T / 32.89694; -97.03806 (Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport)
Trang mạngwww.dfwairport.com
Đường băng
Hướng Chiều dài Bề mặt
m ft
13L/31R 2,743 9,000 Bê tông
13R/31L 2,835 9,301 Bê tông
17C/35C 4,085 13,401 Bê tông
17L/35R 2,591 8,500 Bê tông
17R/35L 4,085 13,401 Bê tông
18L/36R 4,084 13,400 Bê tông
18R/36L 4,084 13,400 Bê tông
Bãi đáp trực thăng
Số Chiều dài Bề mặt
m ft
H1 48 158 Bê tông
Thống kê (2005)
Aircraft operations711,878
Metric tonnes of cargo741,432
Sources: FAA[3], airport website[4].

Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport

This example uses the {{coord}} template with display=inline,title which displays the coordinates on right side of article's title area directly above infobox AND again inside the infobox. This also causes the title coordinates to appear in a very small font size (due to the combination of the infobox using <small> and title area using font-size:85%). Both issues are resolved in the next example.

{{Infobox airport
| name = Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport
| image = Dfw_airport.jpg
| type = Public
| owner = City of [[Dallas, Texas|Dallas]]
City of [[Fort Worth, Texas|Fort Worth]]
| operator = DFW Airport Board
| city-served = [[Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex|Dallas/Fort Worth]]
| hub = [[American Airlines]], [[American Eagle Airlines]]
| elevation-f = 607
| elevation-m = 185
| coordinates = {{coord|32|53|49|N|097|02|17|W|type:airport_region:US|display=inline,title|name=Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport}}
| website = [http://www.dfwairport.com/ www.dfwairport.com]
| metric-elev =
| metric-rwy =
| r1-number = 13L/31R
| r1-length-f = 9,000
| r1-length-m = 2,743
| r1-surface = [[Bê tông]]
| r2-number = 13R/31L
| r2-length-f = 9,301
| r2-length-m = 2,835
| r2-surface = Bê tông
| r3-number = 17C/35C
| r3-length-f = 13,401
| r3-length-m = 4,085
| r3-surface = Bê tông
| r4-number = 17L/35R
| r4-length-f = 8,500
| r4-length-m = 2,591
| r4-surface = Bê tông
| r5-number = 17R/35L
| r5-length-f = 13,401
| r5-length-m = 4,085
| r5-surface = Bê tông
| r6-number = 18L/36R
| r6-length-f = 13,400
| r6-length-m = 4,084
| r6-surface = Bê tông
| r7-number = 18R/36L
| r7-length-f = 13,400
| r7-length-m = 4,084
| r7-surface = Bê tông
| h1-number = H1
| h1-length-f = 158
| h1-length-m = 48
| h1-surface = Bê tông
| stat-year = 2005
| stat1-header = Passengers
| stat1-data = 59,176,265
| stat2-header = Aircraft operations
| stat2-data = 711,878
| stat3-header = Metric [[tonne]]s of cargo
| stat3-data = 741,432
| footnotes = Sources: FAA<ref>{{FAA-airport|ID=DFW|use=PU|own=PU|site=23710.6*A}}</ref>, airport website<ref>[http://www.dfwairport.com/ Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport], official web site</ref>.

Example 4[sửa mã nguồn]

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
Air Force Materiel Command
Thông tin chung
Kiểu sân bayMilitary: Air Force Base
Cơ quan quản lýKhông quân Hoa Kỳ
Vị tríDayton, Ohio
Sử dụng1948 - present
Chỉ huy
Độ cao823 ft / 251 m
Trang mạngwww.wpafb.af.mil
Đường băng
Hướng Chiều dài Bề mặt
m ft
5L/23R 3,841 12,601 PEM
5R/23L 2,134 7,000 Asphalt
Sources: FAA[5], official website[6].

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

This example places the {{coord}} template outside the infobox and uses display=title to display the coordinates in the article's title area. This prevents the coordinates from being displayed a second time inside the infobox. It also eliminates the very small font size shown in the previous example.

The infobox shows the use of an image and linked text over the blue background in title area. It also makes use of some of the fields used for military airports.

{{Infobox airport
| name = Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
[[Image:Air Force Materiel Command.png|100px]]<br/>{{smaller|[[Air Force Materiel Command]]}}
| image = National Museum of the United States Air Force.jpg
| image-width = 250
| caption = [[National Museum of the United States Air Force]]
| type = Military: [[Air Force Base]]
| operator = [[Không quân Hoa Kỳ]]
| location = [[Dayton, Ohio]]
| built = <!--1948-->
| used = 1948 - present
| commander = <div>
* [[General (United States)|Gen.]] Bruce Carlson - [[Air Force Materiel Command]]
* [[General (United States)|Brig. Gen.]] Bruce E. Davis - [[445th Airlift Wing]]
* [[Colonel (United States)|Col.]] Colleen M. Ryan - [[88th Air Base Wing]] and Installation Commander
| occupants =
| elevation-f = 823
| elevation-m = 251
| website = [http://www.wpafb.af.mil/ www.wpafb.af.mil]
| r1-number = 5L/23R
| r1-length-f = 12,601
| r1-length-m = 3,841
| r1-surface = [[Porous European Mix|PEM]]
| r2-number = 5R/23L
| r2-length-f = 7,000
| r2-length-m = 2,134
| r2-surface = [[Asphalt]]
| footnotes = Sources: FAA<ref>{{FAA-airport|ID=FFO|use=PR|own=MA|site=17827.*A}}</ref>, official website<ref>[http://www.wpafb.af.mil/ Wright-Patterson Air Force Base] (official site)</ref>.

Tham khảo[sửa mã nguồn]