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Tọa độ: 45°49′09″B 4°11′17″Đ / 45,8191666667°B 4,18805555556°Đ / 45.8191666667; 4.18805555556


Balbigny trên bản đồ Pháp
Hành chính
Quốc gia Quốc kỳ Pháp Pháp
Vùng Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Tỉnh Loire
Quận Roanne
Tổng Néronde
Xã (thị) trưởng Jean-Marc Regny
Thống kê
Độ cao 314–482 m (1.030–1.581 ft)
Diện tích đất1 16,98 km2 (6,56 sq mi)
Nhân khẩu2 2.546  (2006)
 - Mật độ 150 /km2 (390 /sq mi)
INSEE/Mã bưu chính 42011/ 42510
1 Dữ liệu địa chính Pháp loại trừ các hồ và ao lớn hơn 1 km² (0.386 dặm vuông hoặc 247 acre) cũng như các cửa sông.
2 Dân số không tính hai lần: cư dân của nhiều xã (ví dụ, các sinh viên và quân nhân) chỉ tính một lần.

Balbigny là một trong tỉnh Loire miền trung nước Pháp.

History[edit | edit source]

Balbigny owes its name to a Roman general named Balbinius who based himself here in order to conduct a war. Nothing survives from this period. The earliest identified traces of Balbigny date from 1090.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, before the Loire was channelled, Balbigny was a village of boatmen, known for flat bottomed boats known as Rambertes which were used to transport the coal mined at Saint-Étienne. The loaded Rambertes arrived from Saint-Rambert and stopped off at Balbigny where the boat crews were changed, taking the boats to the next change-over point at Roanne. All this changed in August 1832 with the arrival of the third oldest railway line in France which connected Andrézieux-Bouthéon with Roanne, passing Balbigny en route. An extension of the rail network in 1913 saw Balbigny connected with Saint-Germain-LavalRégny. The coal was therefore transported by rail, but the railway also gave farmers in the district access to a wider range of markets for their produce.

The road bridge crossing the Loire was destroyed in 1940 in order to hold back advancing German troops, and a ferry service was introduced to permit the river to be crossed. The bridge was rebuilt in 1950 and continues in existence in 2010.

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