Hugo Grotius

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Hugo Grotius
Hugo Grotius – Chân dung do Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt vẽ, 1631
Sinh10 tháng 4 năm 1583
Delft, Holland, Cộng hòa Hà Lan
Mất28 tháng 8 năm 1645 (tuổi 62)
Rostock, Pomerania Thụy Điển
Thời kỳPhục hưng
VùngTriết học phương Tây
Trường pháiLuật tự nhiên
Đối tượng chính
Triết học chiến tranh, Luật quốc tế, Triết học chính trị
Tư tưởng nổi bật
Nhà lý luận ban đầu của các quyền tự nhiên, đặt nền móng cho các nguyên tắc chiến tranh công bằng trong luật tự nhiên

Hugo Grotius (/ˈɡrʃiəs/; 10 tháng 4 năm 1583 – 28 tháng 8 năm 1645), với các tên khác như Huig de Groot (Dutch: [ˈɦœyɣ də ɣroːt]) hoặc Hugo de Groot (Dutch: [ˈɦyɣoː də ɣroːt]), là một luật gia người Hà Lan. Cùng với Alberico GentiliFrancisco de Vitoria,  ông đã đặt nền móng cho Luật quốc tế dựa trên Luật tự nhiên.  Một thần đồng trí tuệ từ tuổi thiếu niên, chỉ vì sự tham gia của ông vào các tranh chấp trong nội bộ phái Calvin của nước Cộng hòa Hà Lan, ông đã bị bắt giam và sau đó trốn thoát bằng cách nấp giữa một kho sách. Ông đã viết hầu hết các tác phẩm chính của mình khi lưu vong ở Pháp.

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Chú thích


  • van Ittersum, Martine Julia (2006).Hugo Grotius, Natural Rights Theories and the Rise of Dutch Power in the East Indies 1595–1615. Boston: Brill.ISBN 90-04-14979-1. 
  • Vreeland, Hamilton (1917).Hugo Grotius: The Father of the Modern Science of International Law. New York: Oxford University Press.ISBN 0-8377-2702-2. 

Đọc thêm[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Annotationes ad Vetus Testamentum, 1732
  • Bayle, Pierre. (1720). "Grotius", in Dictionaire historique et critique, 3rd ed. (Rotterdam: Michel Bohm).
  • Bell, Jordy: Hugo Grotius: Historian. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1980
  • Blom, Hans W. (ed.): Property, Piracy and Punishment: Hugo Grotius on War and Booty in De Iure Praedae – Concepts and Contexts. Leiden, BRILL, 2009, 416pp
  • Blom, H. W.; Winkel, L. C.: Grotius and the Stoa. Van Gorcum Ltd, 2004, 332pp
  • Borschberg, Peter, 2011, Hugo Grotius, the Portuguese and Free Trade in the East Indies, Singapore and Leiden: Singapore University Press and KITLV Press.
  • Brandt, Reinhard: Eigentumstheorien von Grotius bis Kant (Problemata). Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1974, 275pp
  • Buckle, Stephen: Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume. Oxford University Press, USA, 1993, 344pp
  • Hedley Bull, Benedict Kingsbury and Adam Roberts, eds., 1990. Hugo Grotius and International Relations. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Burigny, Jean Lévesque de: The Life of the Truly Eminent and Learned Hugo Grotius: Containing a Copious and Circumstantial History of the Several Important and Honourable Negotiations in Which He was Employed; Together with a Critical Account of His Works. London: printed for A. Millar, 1754. Also Echo Library, 2006.
  • Butler, Charles: The Life of Hugo Grotius: With Brief Minutes of the Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Literary History of the Netherlands. London: John Murray, 1826.
  • Chappell, Vere: Grotius to Gassendi (Essays on Early Modern Philosophers). Garland Publishing Inc, New York, 1992, 302pp
  • Craig, William Lane, 1985. The Historical Argument for the Resurrection of Christ During the Deist Controversy, Texts and Studies in Religion, Vol. 23. Lewiston NY & Queenston, Ontario: Edwin Mellen Press.
  • Dulles, Avery, 1999. A History of Apologetics. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock.
  • Dumbauld, Edward, 1969. The Life and Legal Writings of Hugo Grotius. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Edwards, Charles S., 1981. Hugo Grotius: The Miracle of Holland. Chicago: Nelson Hall.
  • Falk, Richard A.; Kratochwil, Friedrich; Mendlovitz, Saul H.: International Law: A Contemporary Perspective (Studies on a Just World Order, No 2). Westview Press, 1985, 702pp
  • Feenstra, Robert; Vervliet, Jeroen: Hugo Grotius: Mare Liberum (1609–2009). BRILL, 2009, 178pp
  • Figgis, John Neville: Studies of Political Thought from Gerson to Grotius 1414–1625. Cambridge University Press, 1907, 258pp
  • Gellinek, Christian: Hugo Grotius (Twayne's World Authors Series). Twayne Publishers Inc., Boston, U.S., 1986, 161pp
  • Grotiana. Assen, The Netherlands: Royal Van Gorcum Publishers. A journal of Grotius studies, 1980–.
  • Gurvitch, G. (1927). La philosophie du droit de Hugo Grotius et la théorie moderne du droit international,. Revue de Metaphysique et de Morale, vol. 34: 365–391.
  • Haakonssen, Knud: Natural Law and Moral Philosophy: From Grotius to the Scottish Enlightenment. Cambridge University Press, 1996
  • Haakonssen, Knud (1985)."Grotius and the History of Political Thought".Political Theory 13 (2): 239–65. doi:10.1177/0090591785013002005. 
  • Haggenmacher, Peter, 1983. Grotius et la doctrine de la guerre juste. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  • Haskell, John D.: Hugo Grotius in the Contemporary Memory of International Law: Secularism, Liberalism, and the Politics of Restatement and Denial. (Emory International Law Review, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2011),
  • Heering, Jan-Paul: Hugo Grotius As Apologist for the Christian Religion: A Study of His Work De Veritate Religionis Christianae, 1640 (Studies in the History of Christian Thought). Brill Academic, 2004, 304pp
  • Jeffery, Renée: Hugo Grotius in International Thought (Palgrave MacMillan History of International Thought). Palgrave Macmillan, 1st edition, 2006, 224pp
  • Keene, Edward: Beyond the Anarchical Society: Grotius, Colonialism and Order in World Politics. Port Chester, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 2002
  • Kingsbury, Benedict: A Grotian Tradition of Theory and Practice?: Grotius, Law, and Moral Skepticism in the Thought of Hedley Bull. (Quinnipiac Law Review, No.17, 1997)
  • Knight, W.S.M., 1925. The Life and Works of Hugo Grotius. London: Sweet & Maxwell, Ltd.
  • Lauterpacht, Hersch, 1946, "The Grotian Tradition in International Law," in British Yearbook of International Law.
  • Leger, James. St. (1962). The 'Etiamsi Daremus' of Hugo Grotius: A Study in the Origins of International Law (Rome: Pontificium Athenaeum Internationale).
  • Mühlegger, Florian. Hugo Grotius. Ein christlicher Humanist in politischer Verantwortung. Berlin and New York, de Gruyter, 2007, XIV, 546 S. (Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte, 103).
  • Neff, Stephen C.: Hugo Grotius On the Law of War and Peace: Student Edition. Cambridge University Press, 2012, 546pp
  • Nellen, Henk J. M., 2007. Hugo de Groot: Een leven in strijd om de vrede (official Dutch State biography). The Hague: Balans Publishing.
  • ——— and Rabbie, eds., 1994. Hugo Grotius, Theologian. New York: E.J. Brill.
  • O'Donovan, Oliver. 2004. "The Justice of Assignment and Subjective Rights in Grotius," in Bonds of Imperfection: Christian Politics Past and Present.
  • O'Donovan, Oliver; O'Donovan, Joan Lockwood: From Irenaeus to Grotius: A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999, 858pp
  • Onuma, Yasuaki (ed.): A Normative Approach to War: Peace, War, and Justice in Hugo Grotius. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993, 421pp
  • Osgood, Samuel: Hugo Grotius and the Arminians. Hila, MT: Kessinger Pub., 2007
  • Powell, Jim; Powell, James; Johnson, Paul: The Triumph of Liberty: A 2,000 Year History Told Through the Lives of Freedom's Greatest Champions. Free Press, 1st edition, 2002, 574pp
  • Remec, Peter Paul. (1960). The Position of the Individual in International Law according to Grotius and Vattel (The Hague: Nijhoff).
  • Rommen, Heinrich: The Natural Law: A Study in Legal and Social History and Philosophy, trans. Thomas R. Hanley. Introduction and Bibliography by Russell Hittinger. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998
  • Salter, John. (2001) "Hugo Grotius; Property and Consent." Political Theory 29, no. 4, 537–55.
  • Salter, John: Adam Smith and the Grotian Theory of Property. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2010, p. 3–21
  • Scharf, Michael P.: Customary International Law in Times of Fundamental Change: Recognizing Grotian Moments. Cambridge University Press, 2013
  • Scott, Jonathan: The Law of war: Grotius, Sidney, Locke and the political theory of rebellion in Simon Groenveld and Michael Wintle (eds) Britain and the Netherlands, vol. XI The Exchange of Ideas, pp. 115–32.
  • Sommerville, Johann P.: Selden, Grotius, and the Seventeenth-Century Intellectual Revolution in Moral and Political Theory, in Victoria Kahn and Lorna Hutson, eds., Rhetoric and Law in Early Modern Europe. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2001, pp. 318–44
  • Straumann, Benjamin: Hugo Grotius und die Antike. Römisches Recht und römische Ethik im frühneuzeitlichen Naturrecht. Baden-Baden: NOMOS, 2007
  • Stumpf, Christoph A., 2006. The Grotian Theology of International Law: Hugo Grotius and the Moral Fundament of International Relations. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Takahashi, Sakuyei: The Influence of Grotius in the Far East. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Law, 1908.
  • Thomson, Erik: France's Grotian moment? Hugo Grotius and Cardinal Richelieus commercial statecraft. French History, Volume 21, Number 4, ngày 21 tháng 12 năm 2007, pp. 377–394(18)
  • Johannes Thumfart: "The Economic Theology of Free Trade. On the relationship between Hugo Grotius's Mare Liberum and Francisco de Vitoria's Relectio de Indis recenter inventis, following Giorgio Agamben's enhancement of Carl Schmitt's notion of Political Theology". In: Grotiana 30/2009, pp. 65–87.
  • Tooke, Joan D.: The Just War in Aquinas and Grotius. S.P.C.K, 1965, 337pp
  • Tuck, Richard: Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1982, 196pp
  • ———, 1993. Philosophy and Government: 1572–1651. Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • ———, 1999. The Rights of War and Peace: Political Thought and the International Order from Grotius to Kant. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • van Ittersum, Martine Julia, 2007. "Preparing Mare liberum for the Press: Hugo Grotius’ Rewriting of Chapter 12 of De iure praedae in November-December 1608" (2005-2007) 26-28 Grotiana 246
  • van Vollenhoven, Cornelius, 1926. Grotius and Geneva, Bibliotheca Visseriana, Vol. VI.
  • ———, 1919. Three Stages in the Evolution of International Law. The Hague: Nijhoff.
  • Weeramantry, Christopher: "The Grotius Lecture Series: Opening Tribute to Hugo Grotius". (First Grotius Lecture, 1999)
  • White, Andrew Dickson: Seven Great Statesmen in the Warfare of Humanity with Unreason (1915)
  • Wight, Martin: International Theory: the Three Traditions. Leicester University Press for the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1996, 286pp
  • Wight, Martin (author); Wight, Gabriele (ed.); Porter, Brian (ed.): Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini. Oxford University Press, USA, 2005, 230 pp
  • Wilson, Eric: Savage Republic: De Indis of Hugo Grotius, Republicanism and Dutch Hegemony within the Early Modern World-System (c. 1600–1619). Martinus Nijhoff, 2008, 534p
  • Zuckert, Michael P.: Natural Rights and the New Republicanism. Princeton University Press, 1998, 410pp

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Các tác phẩm riêng lẻ
  • Extensive catalogue of Grotius' writings at the Peace Palace Library, The Hague Lưu trữ 2011-05-16 tại Wayback Machine
  • Mục nhập Hugo Grotius của Andrew Blom trong Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Jon Miller. “Hugo Grotius”. Trong Zalta, Edward N. (biên tập). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.