Danh sách vô địch đơn nữ Giải quần vợt Mỹ Mở rộng

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Giải vô địch quần vợt Mỹ[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

A woman in all white attire is hitting a forehand with the tennis racket in the right hand, which it is a black and white photograph
Elisabeth Moore is a four-time champion
A woman in all white attire is hitting a backhand with the tennis racket in the right hand, which it is a black and white photograph
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman is a four-time champion
Tập tin:MollaMallory1924a.jpg
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory's eight US singles championships is the all–time record among both men and women.
A woman looking away from the camera with a tennis racket in her right hand and a colored sweater on and all white clothing, which this picture is a black and white
Helen Wills Moody is a seven-time champion
Maureen Connolly Brinker was a three-time champion
Năm[d] Quốc gia Vô địch Quốc gia Á quân Tỷ số trận chung kết
1887  USA Hansell, EllenEllen Hansell  USA Knight, LauraLaura Knight 6–1, 6–0
1888  USA Townsend, BerthaBertha Townsend ‡  USA Hansell, EllenEllen Hansell 6–3, 6–5
1889  USA Townsend, BerthaBertha Townsend † (2)  USA Voorhees, LidaLida Voorhees 7–5, 6–2
1890  USA Roosevelt, EllenEllen Roosevelt ‡  USA Townsend, BerthaBertha Townsend 6–2, 6–2
1891  GBR Cahill, MabelMabel Cahill ‡  USA Roosevelt, EllenEllen Roosevelt 6–4, 6–1, 4–6, 6–3
1892  GBR Cahill, MabelMabel Cahill † (2)  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore 5–7, 6–3, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1893  USA Terry, AlineAline Terry ◊  USA Schultz, AugustaAugusta Schultz 6–1, 6–3
1894  USA Hellwig, HelenHelen Hellwig ‡  USA Terry, AlineAline Terry 7–5, 3–6, 6–0, 3–6, 6–3
1895  USA Atkinson, JulietteJuliette Atkinson ‡  USA Hellwig, HelenHelen Hellwig 6–4, 6–2, 6–1
1896  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore ‡  USA Atkinson, JulietteJuliette Atkinson 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 6–2
1897  USA Atkinson, JulietteJuliette Atkinson ‡  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore (2) 6–3, 6–3, 4–6, 3–6, 6–3
1898  USA Atkinson, JulietteJuliette Atkinson † (3)  USA Jones, MarionMarion Jones 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 2–6, 7–5
1899  USA Jones, MarionMarion Jones ◊  USA Banks, MaudMaud Banks 6–1, 6–1, 7–5
1900  USA McAteer, MyrtleMyrtle McAteer ◊  USA Parker, EdithEdith Parker 6–2, 6–2, 6–0
1901  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore ‡ (2)  USA McAteer, MyrtleMyrtle McAteer 6–4, 3–6, 7–5, 2–6, 6–2
1902  USA Jones, MarionMarion Jones ‡ (2)  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore 6–1, 1–0, retired
1903  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore ‡ (3)  USA Jones, MarionMarion Jones 7–5, 8–6
1904  USA Sutton, MayMay Sutton ‡  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore 6–1, 6–2
1905  USA Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore ◊ (4)  USA Homans, HelenHelen Homans 6–4, 5–7, 6–1
1906  USA Homans, HelenHelen Homans ◊  USA Barger-Wallach, MaudMaud Barger-Wallach 6–4, 6–3
1907  USA Sears, EvelynEvelyn Sears ◊  USA Neely, CarrieCarrie Neely 6–3, 6–2
1908  USA Barger-Wallach, MaudMaud Barger-Wallach ‡  USA Sears, EvelynEvelyn Sears 6–3, 1–6, 6–3
1909  USA Hotchkiss Wightman, HazelHazel Hotchkiss Wightman ‡  USA Barger-Wallach, MaudMaud Barger-Wallach 6–0, 6–1
1910  USA Hotchkiss Wightman, HazelHazel Hotchkiss Wightman † (2)  USA Hammond Raymond, LouiseLouise Hammond Raymond 6–4, 6–2
1911  USA Hotchkiss Wightman, HazelHazel Hotchkiss Wightman † (3)  USA Sutton, FlorenceFlorence Sutton 8–10, 6–1, 9–7
1912  USA Browne, MaryMary Browne ‡  USA Sears, EleonoraEleonora Sears 6–4, 6–2
1913  USA Browne, MaryMary Browne † (2)  USA Green, DorothyDorothy Green 6–2, 7–5
1914  USA Browne, MaryMary Browne † (3)  USA Wagner, MarieMarie Wagner 6–2, 1–6, 6–1
1915  NOR Bjurstedt, MollaMolla Bjurstedt ‡  USA Hotchkiss Wightman, HazelHazel Hotchkiss Wightman 4–6, 6–2, 6–0
1916  NOR Bjurstedt, MollaMolla Bjurstedt † (2)  USA Hammond Raymond, LouiseLouise Hammond Raymond 6–0, 6–1
1917[e]  NOR Bjurstedt, MollaMolla Bjurstedt † (3)  USA Marion Vanderhoef 4–6, 6–0, 6–2
1918  NOR Bjurstedt, MollaMolla Bjurstedt † (4)  USA Goss, EleanorEleanor Goss 6–4, 6–3
1919  USA Hotchkiss Wightman, HazelHazel Hotchkiss Wightman (4)  USA Zinderstein, MarionMarion Zinderstein 6–1, 6–2
1920  USA Mallory, MollaMolla Mallory (5)  USA Zinderstein, MarionMarion Zinderstein 6–3, 6–1
1921  USA Mallory, MollaMolla Mallory (6)  USA Browne, MaryMary Browne 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1922  USA Mallory, MollaMolla Mallory (7)  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills 6–3, 6–1
1923  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills  USA Mallory, MollaMolla Mallory 6–2, 6–1
1924  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills (2)  USA Mallory, MollaMolla Mallory 6–1, 6–3
1925  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills (3)  GBR McKane Godfree, KittyKitty McKane Godfree 3–6, 6–0, 6–2
1926  USA Mallory, MollaMolla Mallory (8)  USA Ryan, ElizabethElizabeth Ryan 4–6, 6–4, 9–7
1927  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills (4)  GBR Nuthall, BettyBetty Nuthall 6–1, 6–4
1928  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills (5)  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1
1929  USA Wills, HelenHelen Wills (6)  GBR Holcroft Watson, PhoebePhoebe Holcroft Watson 6–4, 6–2
1930  GBR Nuthall, BettyBetty Nuthall  USA McCune Harper, AnnaAnna McCune Harper 6–1, 6–4
1931  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody (7)  GBR Bennett Whittingstall, EileenEileen Bennett Whittingstall 6–4, 6–1
1932  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs  USA Babcock Stark, CarolinCarolin Babcock Stark 6–2, 6–2
1933  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs (2)  USA Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody 8–6, 3–6, 3–0, retired
1934  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs (3)  USA Palfrey Cooke, SarahSarah Palfrey Cooke 6–1, 6–4
1935  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs (4)  USA Palfrey Cooke, SarahSarah Palfrey Cooke 6–2, 6–4
1936  USA Marble, AliceAlice Marble  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1937  CHI Lizana, AnitaAnita Lizana  POL Jędrzejowska, JadwigaJadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–4, 6–2
1938  USA Marble, AliceAlice Marble (2)  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton 6–0, 6–3
1939  USA Marble, AliceAlice Marble (3)  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–0, 8–10, 6–4
1940  USA Marble, AliceAlice Marble (4)  USA Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs 6–2, 6–3
1941  USA Palfrey Cooke, SarahSarah Palfrey Cooke  USA Betz, PaulinePauline Betz 7–5, 6–2
1942  USA Betz, PaulinePauline Betz  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough 4–6, 6–1, 6–4
1943  USA Betz, PaulinePauline Betz (2)  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough 6–3, 5–7, 6–3
1944  USA Betz, PaulinePauline Betz (3)  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont 6–3, 8–6
1945  USA Palfrey Cooke, SarahSarah Palfrey Cooke (2)  USA Betz, PaulinePauline Betz 3–6, 8–6, 6–4
1946  USA Betz, PaulinePauline Betz (4)  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 11–9, 6–3
1947  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont 8–6, 4–6, 6–1
1948  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough 4–6, 6–4, 15–13
1949  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont (2)  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–3, 6–1
1950  USA Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont (3)  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–4, 6–3
1951  USA Connolly, MaureenMaureen Connolly  USA Fry Irvin, ShirleyShirley Fry Irvin 6–3, 1–6, 6–4
1952  USA Connolly, MaureenMaureen Connolly (2)  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–3, 7–5
1953  USA Connolly, MaureenMaureen Connolly (3)  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1954  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough 6–8, 6–1, 8–6
1955  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart (2)  GBR Ward Hales, PatriciaPatricia Ward Hales 6–4, 6–2
1956  USA Fry Irvin, ShirleyShirley Fry Irvin  USA Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson 6–3, 6–4
1957  USA Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough 6–3, 6–2
1958  USA Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson (2)  USA Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard 3–6, 6–1, 6–2
1959  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno  GBR Truman Janes, ChristineChristine Truman Janes 6–1, 6–4
1960  USA Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno 6–4, 10–12, 6–4
1961  USA Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard (2)  GBR Haydon Jones, AnnAnn Haydon Jones 6–3, 6–4
1962  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  USA Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard 9–7, 6–4
1963  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno (2)  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court 7–5, 6–4
1964  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno (3)  USA Caldwell Graebner, CaroleCarole Caldwell Graebner 6–1, 6–0
1965  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court (2)  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 8–6, 7–5
1966  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno (4)  USA Richey, NancyNancy Richey 6–3, 6–1
1967  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King  GBR Haydon Jones, AnnAnn Haydon Jones 11–9, 6–4

Mỹ Mở rộng[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

A brown haired women in a black jacket and white shirt
Billie Jean King is a four-time champion overall and a three-time champion in the open era, and won three in four-year timespan
A blonde-haired female tennis player with multi-colored shorts and a black shirt, with the tennis racket out in front of her
American Chris Evert won an Open Era record four consecutive titles at the US Open between 1975 and 1978, and a record six overall (shared with Serena Williams) with victories in 1980 and 1982.
A blond-haired women wearing a white shirt
Steffi Graf is a five-time champion.
An African American woman in all white clothing, shirt, bandanna, and skirt, is starting the serve of a tennis ball
Serena Williams is a six-time champion, winning these over a fifteen-year period. She shares the Open Era titles record with Chris Evert.
Năm[d] Quốc gia Vô địch Quốc gia Á quân Tỷ số trận chung kết
1968  GBR Wade, VirginiaVirginia Wade  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 6–4, 6–2
1969  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court (3)  USA Richey, NancyNancy Richey 6–2, 6–2
1970  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court (4)  USA Casals, RosemaryRosemary Casals 6–2, 2–6, 6–1
1971  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King (2)  USA Casals, RosemaryRosemary Casals 6–4, 7–6
1972  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King (3)  AUS Melville Reid, KerryKerry Melville Reid 6–3, 7–5
1973  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court (5)  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 7–6, 5–7, 6–2
1974  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King (4)  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1975  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 5–7, 6–4, 6–2
1976  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert (2)  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 6–3, 6–0
1977  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert (3)  AUS Turnbull, WendyWendy Turnbull 7–6, 6–2
1978  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert (4)  USA Shriver, PamPam Shriver 7–5, 6–4
1979  USA Austin, TracyTracy Austin  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–4, 6–3
1980  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert (5)  TCH[g] Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková 5–7, 6–1, 6–1
1981  USA Austin, TracyTracy Austin (2)  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova 1–6, 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–1)
1982  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert (6)  TCH Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková 6–3, 6–1
1983  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–1, 6–3
1984  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova (2)  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1985  TCH[g] Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova 7–6(7–3), 1–6, 7–6(7–2)
1986  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova (3)  TCH Suková, HelenaHelena Suková 6–3, 6–2
1987  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova (4)  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 7–6(7–4), 6–1
1988  FRG[h] Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf  ARG Sabatini, GabrielaGabriela Sabatini 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1989  FRG[h] Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (2)  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova 3–6, 7–5, 6–1
1990  ARG Sabatini, GabrielaGabriela Sabatini  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 6–2, 7–6(7–4)
1991  YUG Seles, MonicaMonica Seles  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova 7–6(7–1), 6–1
1992  YUG[i] Seles, MonicaMonica Seles (2)  ESP Sánchez Vicario, ArantxaArantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–3
1993  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (3)  CZE Suková, HelenaHelena Suková 6–3, 6–3
1994  ESP Sánchez Vicario, ArantxaArantxa Sánchez Vicario  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 1–6, 7–6(7–3), 6–4
1995  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (4)  USA Seles, MonicaMonica Seles 7–6(8–6), 0–6, 6–3
1996  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (5)  USA Seles, MonicaMonica Seles 7–5, 6–4
1997  SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 6–0, 6–4
1998  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport  SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis 6–3, 7–5
1999  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
2000  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport 6–4, 7–5
2001  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams (2)  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 6–2, 6–4
2002  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (2)  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 6–4, 6–3
2003  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin  BEL Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters 7–5, 6–1
2004  RUS Kuznetsova, SvetlanaSvetlana Kuznetsova  RUS Dementieva, ElenaElena Dementieva 6–3, 7–5
2005  BEL Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters  FRA Pierce, MaryMary Pierce 6–3, 6–1
2006  RUS Sharapova, MariaMaria Sharapova  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin 6–4, 6–4
2007  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin (2)  RUS Kuznetsova, SvetlanaSvetlana Kuznetsova 6–1, 6–3
2008  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (3)  SRB Janković, JelenaJelena Janković 6–4, 7–5
2009  BEL Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters (2)  DEN Wozniacki, CarolineCaroline Wozniacki 7–5, 6–3
2010  BEL Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters (3)  RUS Zvonareva, VeraVera Zvonareva 6–2, 6–1
2011  AUS Stosur, SamanthaSamantha Stosur  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 6–2, 6–3
2012  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (4)  BLR Azarenka, VictoriaVictoria Azarenka 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
2013  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (5)  BLR Azarenka, VictoriaVictoria Azarenka 7–5, 6–7(6–8), 6–1
2014  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (6)  DEN Wozniacki, CarolineCaroline Wozniacki 6–3, 6–3
2015  ITA Pennetta, FlaviaFlavia Pennetta  ITA Vinci, RobertaRoberta Vinci 7–6(7–4), 6–2
2016  GER Kerber, AngeliqueAngelique Kerber  CZE Plíšková, KarolínaKarolína Plíšková 6–3, 4–6, 6–4
2017  USA Stephens, SloaneSloane Stephens  USA Keys, MadisonMadison Keys 6–3, 6–0
2018  JPN Osaka, NaomiNaomi Osaka  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 6–2, 6–4
2019  CAN Andreescu, BiancaBianca Andreescu  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams 6–3, 7–5

Thống kê[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Những tay vợt có số lần vô địch nhiều nhất[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Title defended in the challenge round
Tay vợt Thời kỳ chưa mở rộng Thời kỳ mở rộng Toàn bộ Năm vô địch
  Bjurstedt Mallory, MollaMolla Bjurstedt Mallory (USA) (NOR) 8 0 8 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1926
 Wills Moody, HelenHelen Wills Moody (USA) 7 0 7 1923, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931
 Evert, ChrisChris Evert (USA) 0 6 6 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1982
 Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (USA) 0 6 6 1999, 2002, 2008, 2012, 2013, 2014
 Court, MargaretMargaret Court (AUS) 2 3 5 1962, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1973
 Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (GER)[h] 0 5 5 1988, 1989, 1993, 1995, 1996
 Moore, ElisabethElisabeth Moore (USA) 4 0 4 1896, 1901, 1903, 1905
 Hotchkiss Wightman, HazelHazel Hotchkiss Wightman (USA) 4 0 4 1909, 1910, 1911, 1919
 Jacobs, HelenHelen Jacobs (USA) 4 0 4 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935
 Marble, AliceAlice Marble (USA) 4 0 4 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940
 Betz, PaulinePauline Betz (USA) 4 0 4 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946
 Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno (BRA) 4 0 4 1959, 1963, 1964, 1966
 King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King (USA) 1 3 4 1967, 1971, 1972, 1974
 Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova (CZE) 0 4 4 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
 Atkinson, JulietteJuliette Atkinson (USA) 3 0 3 1895, 1897, 1898
 Browne, MaryMary Browne (USA) 3 0 3 1912, 1913, 1914
 Osborne duPont, MargaretMargaret Osborne duPont (USA) 3 0 3 1948, 1949, 1950
 Connolly, MaureenMaureen Connolly (USA) 3 0 3 1951, 1952, 1953
 Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters (BEL) 0 3 3 2005, 2009, 2010
 Townsend, BerthaBertha Townsend (USA) 2 0 2 1888, 1889
 Cahill, MabelMabel Cahill (GBR) 2 0 2 1891, 1892
 Jones, MarionMarion Jones (USA) 2 0 2 1899, 1902
 Palfrey Cooke, SarahSarah Palfrey Cooke (USA) 2 0 2 1941, 1945
 Hart, DorisDoris Hart (USA) 2 0 2 1954, 1955
 Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson (USA) 2 0 2 1957, 1958
 Hard, DarleneDarlene Hard (USA) 2 0 2 1960, 1961
 Austin, TracyTracy Austin (USA) 0 2 2 1979, 1981
  Seles, MonicaMonica Seles (SCG) (YUG) 0 2 2 1991, 1992
 Williams, VenusVenus Williams (USA) 0 2 2 2000, 2001
 Henin, JustineJustine Henin (BEL) 0 2 2 2003, 2007

Quốc gia vô địch nhiều nhất[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Former country ¤
Quốc gia Thời kỳ chưa mở rộng Thời kỳ mở rộng Toàn bộ Lần đầu Lần gần nhất
 United States 67 25 92 1887 2017
 Australia 2 4 6 1962 2011
 Germany[h] 0 6 6 1988 2016
 Belgium 0 5 5 2003 2010
 Brazil 4 0 4 1959 1966
 Great Britain[f] 3 1 4 1891 1968
 Norway 4 0 4 1915 1918
 Russia 0 2 2 2004 2006
 Argentina 0 1 1 1990 1990
 Italy 0 1 1 2015 2015
 Serbia and Montenegro[i] ¤ 0 1 1 1992 1992
 Yugoslavia ¤ 0 1 1 1991 1991
 Canada 0 1 1 2019 2019
 Chile 1 0 1 1937 1937
 Czechoslovakia[g] ¤ 0 1 1 1985 1985
 Japan 0 1 1 2018 2018
 Spain 0 1 1 1994 1994
 Switzerland 0 1 1 1997 1997