Người Kurd

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Người Kurd
Tổng số dân
23 to 28 million
Khu vực có số dân đáng kể
   Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ

11.4 to 14 million[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

[10][11]
   Iran 6.5 to 7 million[12][7]
   Iraq 6 to 6.5 million[13][7]
   Syria 2 million[14]
   Liban 200,000[15]
   Azerbaijan 13.100 [16] to 150,000[15]
   Israel 100,000[17]
   Nga 100,000[18]
   Armenia 45,000[15]
   Đức 500,000 to 800,000[15][18]
   Thụy Điển 50,000 to 60,000[19]
   Pháp 50,000[20]
Ngôn ngữ
Kurdish
In its different forms: Sorani, Zazaki, Kurmanji, and Fayli Southern dialects
Tôn giáo
Predominantly Sunni Muslim
also some Shia, Sufi, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity
Dân tộc thiểu số có liên quan
other Iranian peoples
(Talysh · Baluch · Gilak · Lurs · Persians)

Người Kurd (tiếng Kurd: کورد / Kurd) là nhóm dân tộc chủ yếu sống ở Kurdistan, hiện tại nằm trong Iran, Iraq, SyriaThổ Nhĩ Kỳ.

Đọc thêm[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  • Barth, F. 1953. Principles of Social Organization in Southern Kurdistan. Bulletin of the University Ethnographic Museum 7. Oslo.
  • Hansen, H.H. 1961. The Kurdish Woman's Life. Copenhagen. Ethnographic Museum Record 7:1-213.
  • Leach, E.R. 1938. Social and Economic Organization of the Rowanduz Kurds. London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology 3:1-74.
  • Longrigg, S.H. 1953. Iraq, 1900-1950. London.
  • Masters, W.M. 1953. Rowanduz. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan.

Chú thích[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ Konda Poll gives a figure of about 11.4 million
  2. ^ CIA World Factbook gives about 14 million (18% Kurds out of 72.5 million total population) (2008 est.)
  3. ^ Turkish National Security Council gives about 12.6 million (2008)
  4. ^ Juvenile Nonfiction, “ The Handbook of Middle East ”, Publisher: 21st Century, 2002. pg 144:”About 20 percent of Turkey ’s population is Kurdish.”
  5. ^ Kemal Kirisci, Gareth M. Winrow, “The Kurdish Question and Turkey ”, Routledge, 1997. pg 119: “According to Turgut Ozal there were 12 million Kurds in Turkey... Van Bruinessen has argued that a ‘reasonable and even conservative’ estimate for the size of Kurdish population in 1975 was 7.5 millions, which amounts to 19 percent of the population”
  6. ^ Sandra Mackey, “The reckoning: Iraq and the legacy of Saddam”, W.W. Norton and Company, 2002. Excerpt from pg 350: “As much as 25% of Turkey is Kurdish.”
  7. ^ a ă â “Beverley Milton-Edwards, “Contemporary politics in the Middle East” Polity, 2006. pg 231: “They form a population in all four states, making 23 percent in Turkey, 23 percent in Iraq, 10 percent in Iran and 8 percent in Syria (Mcdowell, 2003, p 3-4).”
  8. ^ http://www.wilsoncenter.org/subsites/ccpdc/pubs/kur/chap04.pdf (page 129 or 33), research carried out by the Turkish National Security Council (MGK) in 1996-97, according to which the Kurds will make up 40% of the population in the year 2010.
  9. ^ Michael M. Gunter, "The Kurds and the future of Turkey", St. Martin's Press, 1997, pg 147, ISBN 0-312-17265-6
  10. ^ Shireen Hunter, Huma Malik, "Modernization, democracy, and Islam", Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005, pg 131, ISBN 0-275-98511-3
  11. ^ Picard (Elisabeth), « Les Kurdes et l'Autodétermination: une problématique légitime à l'épreuve de dynamiques sociales », in Revue Française de Science Politique, Vol. 49, n° 3, juin 1999, p. 421-441 (see p. 422)
  12. ^ Estimate based on 7% of 68,688,433: World Factbook, s.v. Iran;
  13. ^ Estimate based on 15% to 20% of 26,783,383: World Factbook, s.v. Iraq; Encyclopedia of the Orient, s.v. Iraq: Religions and Peoples.
  14. ^ http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3580.htm
  15. ^ a ă â b The Kurdish Diaspora, Institut Kurde de Paris (Paris: Institut Kurde de Paris, 2006), http://www.institutkurde.org/en/kurdorama/.
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Lokman I. Meho, The Kurds and Kurdistan: A General Background, in Kurdish Culture and Society: An Annotated Bibliography. Comp. Lokman I. Meho & Kelly Maglaughlin (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001), p. 4, viewable on Google Books
  18. ^ Lỗi chú thích: Thẻ <ref> sai; không có nội dung trong thẻ ref có tên coucileu
  19. ^ Kurdiska Riksförbundet i Sverige
  20. ^ Kurds in the UK, BBC News 9 December 2008

Liên kết ngoài[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

The Kurdish Issue in Turkey