Danh sách các đảng cộng sản
Danh sách các đảng Cộng Sản From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from List of Communist Parties)
Jump to: navigation, search Communist Parties Châu Phi[show] Lesotho Madagascar Senegal South Africa Americas[show] Argentina Bolivia Brazil (PCdob) Brazil (PCB) Canada Chile Colombia Cuba Ecuador Mexico (PC) Mexico (PPS) Mexico (PPSM) Panama Paraguay Peru (PCP) Peru (PCdelP-PR) Uruguay USA Venezuela Asia[show] Bangladesh Burma China India (CPI) India (CPI(m)) Japan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Korea Laos Nepal Pakistan Philippines Sri Lanka Tajikistan Vietnam Europe[show] Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus (KPB) Belgium (Flanders) Belgium (Wallonia) Belgium (PvdA/PTB) Bosnia-Hercegovina Britain Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark (DKP) Denmark (KPiD) Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland (CPI) Ireland (WPI) Italy (PdCI) Italy (PRC) Luxembourg Malta Moldova Netherlands Norway Portugal Russian Federation San Marino Scotland Serbia Slovakia Spain Spain (Catalonia, PCC) Sweden Turkey Ukraine Middle East[show] Algeria Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Lebanon Sudan Syria Related subjects[show] Communism Marxism-Leninism Democratic centralism History of Communism
Hiện nay, con số cảu các active in various countries across the world, and a number who used to be active. Các hình thức của các đảng Cộng Sản trong các quốc gia khác nhau đã được thành lập bởi sự hình thành của Quốc tế thứ III bởi những người Bonsevik Nga. Chắc chắn điều quan trọng nhất của các Đảng Cộng Sản là những cái của Liên Xô và Cộng Hoà nhân dân Trung Hoa.
Một vài đảng Cộng Sản có tên như là đảng Xã Hội chủ nghĩa, đảng Công Nhân xã hội chủ nghĩa, đảng Công Nhân, ... Các đảng trong danh sách này là phần lớn những Đảng mà đã được sắp hàng với mỗi Moscow hoặc Beijing trong suốt chiến tranh lạnh và trong chi nhánh của họ. Những nhóm khởi đầu ở trong chủ nghĩa Trotsky truyền thống không bao gồm trong danh sách.
 Ruling parties
In China, Cuba, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam the Communist parties holds monopoly on state power, and these states are often referred to as 'communist states'.
On the other hand, in Moldova and Cyprus the ruling Communist parties do not consider a revolution to have occurred by them being elected to power and thus operate according to the norms of a multi-party system. In Nepal, where there has just been a long civil war that toppled the old monarchy, the ruling Communist parties participate in a multi-party coalition government, called the Seven Party Alliance, which includes the social democratic Nepali Congress party. Finally, some parties participate as junior partners in ruling coalitions, such as in Brazil, Bulgaria, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Syria, and Uruguay.
* Flag of Brazil Brazil — Communist Party of Brazil — participates in the ruling coalition * Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria — Communist Party of Bulgaria — participates in the ruling coalition * Flag of the People's Republic of China China — Communist Party of China leads the United Front * Flag of Cuba Cuba — Communist Party of Cuba * Flag of Cyprus Cyprus — Progressive Party of Working People * Flag of Laos Laos — Lao People's Revolutionary Party * Flag of Moldova Moldova — Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova * Flag of Nepal Nepal — Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) — participates in the Seven Party Alliance government of Nepal, which includes several other Communist parties, most notably the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) * Flag of North Korea North Korea — Korean Workers' Party — leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland * Flag of South Africa South Africa — South African Communist Party — participates in the ruling coalition * Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka — Communist Party of Sri Lanka — participates in the ruling coalition * Flag of Syria Syria — Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash), Syrian Communist Party (Faisal) — participates in the ruling coalition * Flag of Uruguay Uruguay — Communist Party of Uruguay — participates in the ruling coalition * Flag of Vietnam Vietnam — Communist Party of Vietnam — leads the Vietnamese Fatherland Front
 Formerly ruling
* Flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan, Democratic Republic of (1978-1992) -People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan * Flag of Albania Albania, People's Socialist Republic of (1946-1991) - Albanian Party of Labour * Flag of Angola Angola, People's Republic of (1975-1992) - abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy - Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola * Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria, People's Republic of (1946-1990) - Bulgarian Communist Party (known from 1938 to 1948 as the Bulgarian Workers Party) * Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Socialist Republic of (1948-1990) - Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Communist Party of Slovakia * Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia, People's Democratic Republic (1984-1991) - Workers' Party of Ethiopia * Flag of the German Democratic Republic German Democratic Republic (East Germany) (1949-1990) - Socialist Unity Party of Germany * Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919) - Hungarian Communist Party * Flag of Hungary Hungarian People's Republic (1949-1989) - Hungarian Workers Party, Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party * Flag of Cambodia Kampuchea, Democratic (1975-1979) - Communist Party of Kampuchea * Lithuanian-Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1919) - Communist Party (bolsheviks) of Lithuania and Belorussia * Flag of Mongolia Mongolian People's Republic (1924-1992) - Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party * Flag of Mozambique Mozambique, People's Republic of (1975-1992) abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy - FRELIMO * Flag of Poland Poland, People's Republic of (1944-1989) - Polish United Workers Party * Flag of San Marino San Marino (1947-1951) - Sammarinese Communist Party * Flag of Romania Romania, Socialist Republic of (1965-1989) (known as People's Republic of Romania before 1965) - Romanian Communist Party (Romanian Workers Party until 1965) * Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union (1918-1991) - Communist Party of the Soviet Union * Flag of Ukraine Ukrainian SSR (1918) - Communist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine, became part of the Russian Communist Party (bolshevik) * Flag of People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Yemen, People's Democratic Republic of (1969-1990) - Yemeni Socialist Party * Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of (1945-1992) - League of Communists of Yugoslavia
* Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan - The Khalq faction of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan * Flag of Albania Albania - Communist Party of Albania * Flag of Algeria Algeria - Algerian Party for Democracy and Socialism * Flag of Argentina Argentina - Communist Party of Argentina, Revolutionary Communist Party * Flag of Armenia Armenia - Armenian Communist Party, United Communist Party of Armenia * Flag of Australia Australia - Communist Party of Australia, Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist) * Flag of Austria Austria - Communist Party of Austria * Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan - Azerbaijan Communist Party, Reformist Communist Party of Azerbaijan, United Communist Party of Azerbaijan and Azerbaijan Communist Party (on Platform of Marxism-Leninism) * Flag of Bahrain Bahrain - National Liberation Front of Bahrain * Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh - Communist Party of Bangladesh, Workers Party of Bangladesh, Socialist Party of Bangladesh (BASOD) * Flag of Belarus Belarus - Communist Party of Belarus, Party of Belarusian Communists * Flag of Belgium Belgium - Kommunistische Partij, Parti Communiste, Workers Party of Belgium * Flag of Bhutan Bhutan - Bhutan Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) * Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina - Workers' Communist Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina * Flag of Bolivia Bolivia - Communist Party of Bolivia * Flag of Brazil Brazil - Brazilian Communist Party, Communist Party of Brazil, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party * Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria - Communist Party of Bulgaria * Flag of Burma Burma - Communist Party of Burma * Flag of Canada Canada - Communist Party of Canada, Communist Party of Quebec, Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) * Flag of Chile Chile - Communist Party of Chile and Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) * Flag of the People's Republic of China China — Communist Party of China * Flag of Colombia Colombia - Colombian Communist Party, Clandestine Colombian Communist Party * Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica - Popular Vanguard Party, Costa Rican People's Party * Flag of Croatia Croatia - Socialist Labour Party of Croatia (among other left movements, it represents Croatia's Eurocommunists and New left) * Flag of Cuba Cuba — Communist Party of Cuba * Flag of Cyprus Cyprus — Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) * Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic - Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia * Flag of Denmark Denmark - Communist Party of Denmark, Communist Party in Denmark, Communist Party * Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic - Force of the Revolution * Flag of Finland Finland - Communist Party of Finland, For Peace and Socialism - Communist Workers Party, League of Communists * Flag of France France - French Communist Party, Pole of Communist Rebirth in France, Workers Communist Party of France * Flag of Ecuador Ecuador - Communist Party of Ecuador, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador, Workers' Party of Ecuador * Flag of Egypt Egypt - Egyptian Communist Party * Flag of Galicia Galicia - First Line * Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia - Communist Party of Georgia, Georgian United Communist Party, New Communist Party of Georgia * Flag of Germany Germany - German Communist Party, Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany, Communist Party of Germany * Flag of Greece Greece - Communist Party of Greece * Flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe - Guadeloupe Communist Party * Flag of Hungary Hungary - Hungarian Communist Workers' Party * Flag of India India - Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Socialist Unity Centre of India, Communist Ghadar Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) New Democracy, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Kanu Sanyal) * Flag of Iran Iran - Tudeh Party of Iran, Worker-Communist Party of Iran * Flag of Iraq Iraq - Iraqi Communist Party, Iraqi Communist Party - Cadre, Iraqi Communist Party - Central Command * Flag of Ireland Ireland - Communist Party of Ireland, Workers Party of Ireland * Flag of Israel Israel - Communist Party of Israel which dominates the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash) * Flag of Italy Italy - Communist Refoundation Party, Party of Italian Communists * Flag of Japan Japan - Japanese Communist Party * Flag of Jordan Jordan - Communist Party of Jordan, Jordanian Democratic People's Party, Communist Workers' Party of Jordan * Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan - Communist Party of Kazakhstan, People's Communist Party of Kazakhstan * Kurdish flag Kurdistan - Kurdistan Communist Party, Kurdistan Workers Party - illegal, Kurdistan Communist Party-Iraq * Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan - Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan, Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan * Flag of Laos Laos — Lao People's Revolutionary Party * Flag of Latvia Latvia — Socialist Party of Latvia * Flag of Lebanon Lebanon - Lebanese Communist Party * Flag of Lesotho Lesotho - Communist Party of Lesotho * Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg - Communist Party of Luxemburg * Flag of Malta Malta - Communist Party of Malta * Flag of Martinique Martinique - Communist Party of Martinique * Flag of Mexico Mexico - Popular Socialist Party, Party of Mexican Communists * Flag of Moldova Moldova — Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova * Flag of Mongolia Mongolia - Mongolian Communist Party * Flag of Montenegro Montenegro - League of Communists of Yugoslavia - Communists of Montenegro, New Communist Party of Montenegro * Flag of Morocco Morocco - Annahj Addimocrati * Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Nagorno-Karabakh (unrecognized country) - Communist Party of Nagorno Karabakh * Flag of Nepal Nepal - Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist), Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre-Masal), Nepal Workers and Peasants Party * Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands - New Communist Party of the Netherlands * Flag of New Zealand New Zealand - Socialist Party of Aotearoa, Workers Party of New Zealand * Flag of North Korea North Korea — Korean Workers' Party * Flag of Norway Norway - Communist Party of Norway * Palestinian flag Palestinian territories - Palestinian People's Party, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine * Flag of Panama Panama - People's Party of Panama * Flag of Paraguay Paraguay - Paraguayan Communist Party * Flag of Pakistan Pakistan - Communist Mazdoor Kisan Party, Communist Party of Pakistan * Flag of Peru Peru - Peruvian Communist Party, Communist Party of Peru (Red Fatherland), Communist Party of Peru, Shining Path * Flag of the Philippines Philippines - Communist Party of the Philippines, Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 * Flag of Poland Poland - Communist Party of Poland * Flag of Portugal Portugal - Portuguese Communist Party, Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers - Reorganizative Movement of the Party of the Proletariat * Flag of Réunion Réunion - Communist Party of Réunion * Flag of Russia Russia - Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Communist Workers Party of Russia, All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks * Flag of San Marino San Marino - San Marino Communist Refoundation * Flag of Serbia Serbia - New Communist Party of Yugoslavia * Flag of Senegal Senegal - Party of Independence and Labour * Flag of Slovakia Slovakia - Communist Party of Slovakia, Dawn * Flag of South Africa South Africa - South African Communist Party * Flag of Spain Spain - Communist Party of Spain * Flag of Sudan Sudan - Communist Party of the Sudan * Flag of Sweden Sweden - Communist Party, Communist Party of Sweden * Flag of Switzerland Switzerland - Swiss Party of Labour * Flag of Syria Syria - Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash), Syrian Communist Party (Faisal) * Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka - Communist Party of Sri Lanka * Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan - Communist Party of Tajikistan * Flag of Transnistria Transnistria (unrecognized country) - Pridnestrovie Communist Party, Communist Party of Pridnestrovie * Flag of Turkey Turkey - Communist Party of Turkey, Communist Labour Party of Turkey * Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan - Communist Party of Turkmenistan - illegal * Flag of Ukraine Ukraine - Communist Party of Ukraine, Communist Party of Ukraine (renewed) * Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom - Communist Party of Britain, Communist Party of Great Britain (Provisional Central Committee), Communist Party of Britain (Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Scotland, New Communist Party of Britain, Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist-Leninist), Communist League of Great Britain, Revolutionary Communist Group * Flag of the United States United States - Communist Party USA, Freedom Road Socialist Organization, Party for Socialism and Liberation, Progressive Labor Party, Ray O. Light Group, Revolutionary Communist Party, Workers World Party, Workers Party, USA * Flag of Uruguay Uruguay - Communist Party of Uruguay * Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan - Communist Party of Uzbekistan - illegal * Flag of Venezuela Venezuela - Communist Party of Venezuela * Flag of Vietnam Vietnam — Communist Party of Vietnam
* Afghanistan - Parcham faction of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, became Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan * Albania - Party of Labour of Albania, became Socialist Party of Albania * Brazil - Brazilian Communist Party, became Popular Socialist Party * Bulgaria - Bulgarian Communist Party, became Bulgarian Socialist Party * Cambodia - Cambodian People's Party * Ethiopia - All-Ethiopian Socialist Movement * Germany (East) - Socialist Unity Party of Germany, became Party of Democratic Socialism, and is now known as "The Left". * Hungary - Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, became Hungarian Socialist Party * Iceland - Popular Alliance * Italy - Italian Communist Party, became the Party of the Democratic Left, which later merged into the Democrats of the Left * Mongolia - Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party * Nicaragua - Socialist Party of Nicaragua * Sweden - Left Party - Communists, became Left Party * Palestine - Palestine Communist Party, became Palestinian People's Party * Poland - Polish United Workers Party, became Alliance of the Democratic Left * Romania - Communist Party of Romania, became Democratic Socialist Party of Romania, which later merged into the Social Democratic Party of Romania * San Marino - Communist Party of San Marino, became Party of Democrats * Tunisia - Tunisian Communist Party, became Movement for Renewal * Yemen - Yemeni Socialist Party
 Defunct (ruling)
* Czechoslovakia - Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic branch became Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and Slovak branch became the Party of the Democratic Left * Soviet Union - Communist Party of the Soviet Union, previously the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party * Yugoslavia - League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 Defunct (non-ruling)
* Armenia - Armenian Workers Communist Party, Armenian Workers Union, Marxist Party of Armenia, Union of Communists of Armenia, Renewed Communist Party of Armenia * Australia - Communist Party of Australia * Britain - Communist Party of Great Britain * Brazil - Revolutionary Brazilian Communist Party * Canada - Labour-Progressive Party founded in 1943 when Communist Party of Canada was banned (resumed former name in 1959), Workers' Communist Party of Canada * Channel Islands - Communist Party of Jersey * Republic of China (Taiwan) - Taiwanese Communist Party * Cuba - Popular Socialist Party, joined Cuban Communist Party * El Salvador - Communist Party of El Salvador, merged into the FMLN * Free Territory of Trieste - Communist Party of the Free Territory of Trieste, merged into the Italian Communist Party * Georgia - Revived Communist Party of Georgia, Georgian Workers Communist Party * Germany - Spartacist League formed in 1918 and became the Communist Party of Germany * Germany (West) - Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin, Communist Party of Germany (banned 1956 in West Germany) * Guatemala - Guatemalan Party of Labour, merged into the URNG * Haiti - Unified Party of Haitian Communists, merged into the National Reconstruction Movement in 1990 * Honduras - Communist Party of Honduras, merged into the Partido Renovación Patriótica * Iceland - Communist Party of Iceland * Indonesia - Communist Party of Indonesia * Ireland - Communist Party of Ireland (Marxist-Leninist) * Israel - Maki (1948-1973) split in 1965 with formation of largely Arab Rakah which changed its name to Maki in 1989. * Italy - Communist Party of Italy * Lebanon - Lebanese People's Party * Malaysia - Malayan Communist Party, North Kalimantan Communist Party * Mexico - Mexican Communist Party * Namibia - Communist Party of Namibia * Netherlands - Communist Party of the Netherlands merged into GroenLinks in 1989 * New Zealand - Communist Party of New Zealand, Socialist Unity Party * Nigeria - Socialist Workers and Farmers Party of Nigeria * Norway - Workers' Communist Party * Palestine - Communist Party of Palestine (1921-1948) * Poland - Communist Party of Poland * Saudi Arabia - Communist Party in Saudi Arabia * Thailand - Communist Party of Thailand * United States - Communist Party Marxist-Leninist, May 19th Communist Movement, Black Panther Party for Self Defense
1. ^ Leftist Parties of Iraq 2. ^ Leftist Parties of Mongolia 3. ^ Leftist Parties of Uzbekistan
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 See also
* Communist state * Socialist state * List of socialist countries