Danh sách các quốc gia theo cơ quan lập pháp

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Danh sách các quốc gia theo cơ quan lập pháp là một bảng thống kê 248 quốc gia và vùng lãnh thổ theo nghị viện hay quốc hội, là một đại hội có quyền lập pháp. Trong danh sách, ngoài các cơ quan lập pháp của các quốc gia độc lập, có đầy đủ chủ quyền còn có mặt của các cơ quan lập pháp của các lãnh thổ ly khai, vùng quốc hải như: Abkhazia, Nam Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Bắc Síp, Quần đảo Faroe, Đảo Man, Jersey, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Kosovo, Transnistria, Greenland, Saint Pierre và Miquelon, Bermuda, Quần đảo Falkland, Hong Kong, Macao, Đài Loan...

Tên cơ quan lập pháp[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Trên thực tế cơ quan lập pháp của một quốc gia thường được gọi chung là Quốc hội, nhưng mỗi quốc gia thường có một cách gọi khác nhau, tên gọi cơ quan lập pháp dưới đây được dịch từ tên dùng phổ biến nhất trong tiếng Anh. Đôi khi được gọi là quốc hội, nghị viện hay đại hội...

Cơ quan lập pháp liên quốc gia[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Supranational legislatures[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Tổ chức Tên của cơ quan lập pháp Tên theo hệ thống quốc hội Hình thức tổ chức Nhiệm kỳ (năm) Hệ thống bầu cử Ghế Dân số trên ghế GDP trên ghế (triệu USD) Link
 Liên minh châu Âu Cơ quan lập pháp Liên minh châu Âu[1] Nghị viện châu Âu Đơn viện 5 trực tiếp, tỷ lệ 754 667.761 20.983 Website

Nghị viện các quốc gia thuộc Liên Hiệp Quốc[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Quốc gia Tên cơ quan lập pháp Tên theo hệ thống Hệ thống Nhiệm kỳ (năm) Hệ thống bầu cử Số ghế Dân số/ghế GDP/ghế (Triệu USD) Link
 Afghanistan Quốc hội[2] Viện Nhân dân (ولسي جرګه Wolesi Jirga) Hạ viện 5 Single non-transferable vote 249 122,168 119 Website
Viện Trưởng lão (مشرانوجرګه Meshrano Jirga) Thượng viện 3, 4 and 5 majority and appointed by the president 102 298,234 291 Website
 Albania Quốc hội Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) Đơn viện 4 proportional closed list 140 20,226 177 Website
 Algérie Nghị viện[2] Hội nghị Nhân dân Quốc gia (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani) Hạ viện 6 proportional open list 462 61,833 439 Website
Hội đồng Quốc gia (al-Majlis al-Umma) Thượng viện 5 indirect vote and appointed by the president 144 257,638 1,830 Website
 Andorra General Council of the Valleys (Consell General de les Valls) Đơn viện 4 proportional closed list 28 2,789 161 Website
 Angola Quốc hội (Assembleia Nacional) Đơn viện 4 proportional party list 220 84,081 525 Website
 Antigua & Barbuda Nghị viện[3] House of Representatives Hạ viện 5 first-past-the-post 19 4,305 82 Website
Thượng viện Thượng viện 5 appointed by the governor general 17 4,811 92 Website
 Argentina Đại hội Quốc gia Argentina (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación) Hạ viện 4 proportional closed list 257 156,097 2,787 Website
Thượng viện (Senado de la Nación) Thượng viện 6 direct vote 72 557,181 9,950 Website
 Armenia Quốc hội (Ազգային Ժողով Azgayin Zhoghov) Đơn viện 5 direct vote and proportional closed list 131 24,902 136 Website
 Úc Nghị viện Australia[3] Hạ viện Hạ viện 3 preferential instant-runoff voting 150 143,384 6,096 Website
Thượng viện Australia Thượng viện 6 single transferable vote 76 116,650-1,212,133 Website
 Áo Hội nghị Liên bang (Bundesversammlung) Hội đồng Quốc gia (Nationalrat) Hạ viện 5 proportional mixed-member proportional representation 183 43,895 1,923 Website
Hội đồng Liên bang (Bundesrat) Thượng viện 5 and 6 appointed by state parliaments 62 129,563 5,677 Website
 Azerbaijan Quốc hội (Milli Məclis) Đơn viện 5 popular vote 125 73,320 744 Website
Bahamas Nghị viện House of Assembly Hạ viện 5 majority rule 38 9,326 283
Thượng viện Thượng viện 5 appointed by the Governor-General 16 22,103 674
 Bahrain Quốc hội[2] Hội đồng Đại biểu (Majlis an-nuwab) Hạ viện 4 popular vote 40 30,864 777 Website
Hội đồng Tư vấn (Majlis al-shura) Thượng viện 4 appointed by the king 40 30,864 777 Website
 Bangladesh Quốc hội (জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiyo Sangshad) Đơn viện 5 majority 345 466,909 818 Website
 Barbados Nghị viện House of Assembly Hạ viện 5 popular vote 30 9,486 216 Website
Thượng viện Thượng viện 5 appointed by the governor general 21 13,551 309 Website
 Belarus National Assembly (Нацыянальны сход Nacyjanaĺny schod) Chamber of Representatives (Палата прадстаўнікоў Palata pradstaŭnikoŭ) Lower 4 popular vote 110 85,997 1,288 Website
Council of the Republic (Савет Рэспублікі Saviet Respubliki) Upper 4 elected by regional councils and appointed by the president 64 147,773 2,215 Website
 Bỉ Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement fédéral / Föderales Parlament) Chamber of Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants / Abgeordnetenkammer)
Lower 4 proportional 150 73,380 2,755 Website
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat) Upper 4 popular vote 71 355,065 5,820 Website
 Belize National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 5 popular vote 31 10,748 90 Website
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the governor general 12 27,766 233 Website
 Bénin National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 4 popular vote 83 115,648 176 Website
 Bhutan Parliament of Bhutan[4] National Assembly (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ། Gyelyong Tshogdu) Lower 5 popular vote 47 15,072 91 Website
National Council (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་སྡེ། Gyelyong Tshogde) Upper 4 majority and appointed by the king 25 28,337 171 Website
 Bolivia Plurinational Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 majority and proportional closed list 130 83,905 391 Website
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 proportional closed list 36 302,993 1,414 Website
 Bosna và Hercegovina Parliamentary Assembly (Bản mẫu:Not a typo Skupština) House of Representatives ('Представнички Дом / Predstavnički Dom) Lower 4 proportional 42 91,422 753 Website
House of Peoples (Dom Naroda) Upper 4 appointed by regional assemblies 15 255,982 2,109 Website
 Botswana Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 popular vote, majority party and appointed by the president 63 32,211 471 Website
House of Chiefs (Ntlo ya Dikgosi) Upper 5 indirectly elected and appointed by the president 35 57,980 848 Website
 Brasil National Congress (Congresso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) Lower 4 proportional open list 513 371,798 4,471 Website
Federal Senate (Senado Federal) Upper 8 majority 81 2,354,724 28,320 Website
 Brunei Legislative Council[2] Unicameral no timeframe popular vote and appointed by the sultan 36 11,355 582 Website
 Bungary National Assembly (Народно събрание Narodno sabranie) Unicameral 4 popular vote 240 30,685 420 Website
 Burkina Faso National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 5 popular vote 111 126,281 198 Website
 Myanmar (Myanmar) Quốc hội Liên bang Myanmar (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw) Hạ viện Myanmar (Pyithu Hluttaw) Hạ viện (Amyotha Hluttaw) 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 440 137,000 187 Website
Thượng viện (Amyotha Hluttaw) Thượng viện 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 224 269,107 369
 Burundi Parliament[2] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 direct vote and appointment by electoral commission 118 74,570 43 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 indirect vote and appointment by ethnic groups 49 164,358 105 Website
 Campuchia Parliament

(សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា)

National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea) Lower 5 popular vote 123 108,852 272 Website
Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា; Protsaphea) Upper 5 appointed by the monarch, elected by the National Assembly and commune councils 61 219,490 548 Website
 Cameroon National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 5 popular vote 180 97,021 262 Website
 Canada Parliament/ Parlement House of Commons/ Chambre des communes Lower 4 majority 308 108,690 4,532 Website
Senate / Sénat Upper Until age 75, or resigns. appointed by the governor general 105 318,825 13,296 Website
 Cabo Verde National Assembly (Bản mẫu:Not a typo Nacional) Unicameral 5 proportional party list 72 4,990 20 Website
 Cộng hòa Trung Phi National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 run-off majority 100 38,951 36
 Tchad

National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)

Unicameral 4 majority and proportional 155 66,640 126
 Chile National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 popular vote 120 145,021 2,496 Website
Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) Upper 8 popular vote 38 457,963 7,885 Website
 Trung Quốc Hội nghị Nhân dân toàn quốc (全国人民代表大会 Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì)[5] Đơn viện 5 elected by municipal, regional and provincial congresses, and People's Liberation Army 2,987 448,518 3,783 Website
 Colombia Congress (Congreso) House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 popular vote 166 279,556 2,843 Website
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 popular vote 102 454,964 4,627 Website
 Comoros Assembly of the Union (Assemblée de la Union) Unicameral 5 popular vote and elected by local assemblies 33 24,181 25 Website
Cộng hoà Dân chủ Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of the Parliament[2] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 proportional open list 500 143,425 50 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 elected by provincial assemblies 108 664,008 233 Website
Cộng hòa Congo Congo, Republic of the Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 popular vote 153 28,537 119 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 indirect vote 52 83,966 350
 Costa Rica Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 4 popular vote 57 75,468 965 Website
 Côte d'Ivoire National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 majority 70 294,529 515 Website
 Croatia Croatian Assembly[4] (Hrvatski sabor) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 151 28,414 532 Website
 Cuba National Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular) Unicameral 5 popular vote and approval by special candidacy commissions 614 18,308 185 Website
 Síp House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων Vouli Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi)[6] Unicameral 5 popular vote by Greek and Turkish Cypriots 59 18,632 402 Website
 Cộng hòa Séc Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky) Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) Lower 4 popular vote 200 52,811 1,424 Website
Senate (Senát) Upper 6 popular vote 81 130,397 3,517 Website
 Đan Mạch Parliament[4] (Folketing) Unicameral 4 proportional mixed 179 30,969 1,154 Website
 Djibouti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 popular vote 65 12,587 35 Website
 Dominica House of Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the president 21 3,394 46 Website
 Cộng hòa Dominica National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 popular vote 183 51,520 510 Website
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 popular vote 32 293,088 2,918 Website
 Đông Timor National Parliament (Parlamento Nacional) Unicameral 5 proportional 65 16,408 146
 Ecuador National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 124 116,802 1,028 Website
 Ai Cập Parliament[2] People's Assembly (مجلس الشعب Majilis Al-Sha’ab) Lower 5 popular vote and appointed by the president 508 150,983 1,021 Website
Consultative Council (مجلس الشورى Majilis Al-Shura) Upper 6 popular vote and appointed by the president 270 284,071 1,922 Website
 El Salvador Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 3 popular vote 84 68,382 530 Website
 Guinea Xích đạo House of People's Representatives (Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo) Unicameral 5 popular vote 100 6,760 261
 Eritrea National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito) Unicameral 5 popular vote 104 50,878 38
 Estonia State Assembly[4] (Riigikogu) Unicameral 4 popular vote 101 12,814 270 Website
 Ethiopia Parliament[2] House of People's Representatives
(የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት Yehizbtewekayoch Mekir Bet)
Lower 5 popular vote 547 135,134 173 Website
House of Federation (የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት Yefedereshn Mekir Bet) Upper 5 elected by state assemblies 112 659,986 847 Website
 Fiji Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 popular vote 71 11,792 58 Website
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the president and parties 32 26,164 129 Website
 Phần Lan Parliament (Eduskunta)[7] Unicameral 4 proportional open list 200 25,900 978 Website
 Pháp Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 majority 577 113,258 3,843 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 electoral college 348 187,787 6,373 Website
 Gabon Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 popular vote 121 12,190 203 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 elected by municipal councils and departmental assemblies 102 14,460 240 Website
Bản mẫu:Country data Gambia, The National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the president 53 25,673 65 Website
 Gruzia Parliament of Georgia (საქართველოს პარლამენტი Sak'art'velos Parlamenti) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list and majority 150 29,794 163 Website
 Đức Federal Diet[4] (Bundestag) Lower (not officially) 4 majority and proportional closed list 620 131,934 4,998 Website
Federal Council[4] (Bundesrat) Upper (not officially) 4 elected by state governments 69 1,185,501 44,914 Website
 Ghana Parliament Unicameral 4 majority 228 106,286 328 Website
 Hy Lạp Hellenic Parliament[4] (Βουλή των Ελλήνων Vouli ton Ellinon) Unicameral 4 popular vote 300 35,958 981 Website
 Grenada Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 popular vote 15 7,333 96 Website
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the government and by the leader of opposition 13 8,461 111 Website
 Guatemala Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 158 80,557 472 Website
 Guinée National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 proportional closed list 114 88,227 100
 Guiné-Bissau National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 13,454 19 Website
 Guyana National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the president 65 11,583 88 Website
 Haiti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) Lower 4 proportional 99 98,181 124 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 30 323,997 412 Website
 Honduras National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 128 58,823 278 Website
 Hungary National Assembly (Országgyűlés) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 386 25,860 506 Website
 Iceland Assembly of All[4] (Alþingi) Unicameral 4 proportional mixed 63 5,080 196 Website
 Ấn Độ Nghị viện (संसद Sansad) Viện Nhân dân[4] (लोक सभा Lok Sabha) Hạ viện 5 popular vote and appointed by the president 552 2,192,379 8,075 Website
Hội đồng Quốc gia[4] (राज्य सभा Rajya Sabha) Thượng viện 6 appointed by the president and elected members of the states and territories 250 4,840,773 17,831 Website
 Indonesia People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) Lower 5 popular vote 560 423,972 2,008 Website
Regional Representatives Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) Upper 5 popular vote 132 1,798,669 8,520 Website
 Iran

Assembly[4] (مجلس Majlis)

Unicameral 4 popular vote 290 259,136 3,414 Website
 Iraq Council of Representatives of Iraq[4] (مجلس النواب العراقي Majlis Al-Niwab Al-Iraqi) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 325 95,782 392 Website
Ireland Ireland Parliament[4] (Oireachtas) House of Representatives of Ireland (Dáil Éireann)[4] Lower 5 Proportional Representation Single Transferable Vote 166 27,640 1,093 Website
Senate of Ireland[4] (Seanad Éireann) Upper 5 appointed by the prime minister and elected by universities 60 76,470 3,026 Website
 Israel Assembly[4] (כנסת Knesset) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 120 61,768 1,960 Website
 Ý Parliament (Parlamento) Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) Lower 5 proportional closed list 630 94,556 2,931 Website
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) Upper 5 proportional closed list and appointed by the president 315 189,112 5,863 Website
 Jamaica Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 popular vote 63 45,860 392 Website
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the governor general 20 144,459 1,237 Website
 Nhật Bản Nghị viện Quốc gia (国会 Kokkai) Chúng Nghị viện (衆議院 Shūgiin) Hạ viện 4 proportional and majority 480 266,783 9,250 Website
Tham Nghị viện (参議院 Sangiin) Thượng viện 6 proportional 242 529,157 18,348 Website
 Jordan National Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab) Lower 4 Single non-transferable vote 120 46,760 307 Website
Assembly of Senators (مجلس الأعيان Majlis al-Aayan) Upper 6 appointed by the monarch 60 93,520 614 Website
 Kazakhstan Parliament (Parlamenti) Assembly[4] (Mazhilis) Lower 5 77 207,854 2,815 Website
Senate Upper 6 appointed by the president and elected by local assemblies 47 340,527 4,612 Website
 Kenya National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the president 224 172,366 318 Website
 Kiribati House of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by Rabi Council of Leaders 46 2,239 13 Website
Cộng hòa Dân chủ Nhân dân Triều Tiên Korea, North Supreme People's Assembly (최고인민회의 Ch'oe-go In-min Hoe-ŭi) Unicameral 5 popular vote 687 36,390 58
Hàn Quốc Korea, South National Assembly (국회 Gukhoe) Unicameral 4 majority and proportional 300 166,691 5,180 Website
 Kuwait National Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by the prime minister 50 71,328 3,070 Website
 Kyrgyzstan Supreme Council (Joghorku Keneš) Unicameral 5 popular vote 120 44,690 109 Website
 Lào Quốc hội (Sapha Heng Xat) Đơn viện 5 one-party state closed list 115 48,148 151 Website
 Latvia Parliament[4] (Saeima) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 20,703 349 Website
 Liban Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)[8] Unicameral 4 popular vote 128 33,000 480 Website
 Lesotho Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 popular vote and proportional 120 16,927 31 Website
Senate Upper 5 appointed by principal chiefs and by the ruling party 33 61,556 115 Website
 Liberia Legislature House of Representatives Lower 6 majority 73 47,624 24 Website
Senate Upper 9 majority 30 115,896 58 Website
 Libya General National Congress (العام للمؤتمر الوطني Al-Waṭanī el-Mu'tammar al 'âmm) Unicameral 200 28,353 187 Website
 Liechtenstein Diet[4] (Landtag) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 25 1,451 201 Website
 Litva Parliament[4] (Seimas) Unicameral 4 proportional 141 21,658 436 Website
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (D'Chamber)[9] Unicameral 5 popular vote 60 8,484 687 Website
Cộng hòa Macedonia Macedonia, Republic of Assembly (Собрание Sobranie) Unicameral 123 16,736 173 Website
 Madagascar Parliament[2] National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena)[10] Lower 160 137,078 127 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 33 664,430 618 Website
 Malawi National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 194 76,809 71 Website
 Malaysia Parliament (Parlimen) House of Representatives[11] (Dewan Rakyat) Lower 5 First-past-the-post 222 127,631 2,014 Website
Senate[12](Dewan Negara) Upper 3 26 appointed by the state legislative assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the federal territories. 70 404,773 6,389 Website
 Maldives Assembly[4] (Majlis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 77 4,266 36 Website
 Mali National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 4 147 elected in single or multi-member constituencies, using a runoff system. 13 elected by overseas Malians. 160 90,732 111 Website
 Malta House of Representatives (Kamra tad-Deputati) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 69 5,950 155 Website
 Quần đảo Marshall Legislature (Nitijela) Unicameral 4 Single and multi-member constituencies 33 2,060 4 Website
 Mauritanie Parliament (Barlamene) National Assembly (Al Jamiya al-Wataniyah) Lower 5 Runoff election 81 37,888 87 Website
Assembly of Senators (Majlis al-Shuyukh) Upper 6 Election by communal councillors 56 56,803 126 Website
 Mauritius National Assembly Unicameral 5 70 17,614 275 Website
 México Congress of the Union (Congreso de la Unión) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 3 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) (200 seats) / FPTP (300 seats) 500 227,821 3,323 Website
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) 128 889,926 12,981 Website
Liên bang Micronesia Micronesia, Federated States of Congress Unicameral 4 10 by FPTP and 4 by Proportional representation 14 7,642 25 Website
 Moldova Parliament (Parlamentul) Unicameral 101 33,498 118 Website
 Monaco National Council (Conseil National) Unicameral 24 1,473 227 Website
 Mông Cổ State Great Assembly[13] (Улсын Их Хурал Ulsyn Ich-Chural) Unicameral 76 36,245 174 Website
 Montenegro Assembly (Skupština / Скупштина) Unicameral 81 7,719 88 Website
 Maroc Parliament[2] Assembly of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwab) Lower 325 100,444 500 Website
Assembly of Councillors (Majlis al-Mustasharin) Upper 270 120,905 602 Website
 Mozambique Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral proportional party list 250 85,588 95 Website
 Namibia Parliament National Assembly Lower 78 26,923 201 Website
National Council Upper 26 80,769 605 Website
 Nauru Parliament Unicameral 18 521 3 Website
 Nepal Constituent Assembly Unicameral 601 44,294 62 Website
 Hà Lan States-General (Staten-Generaal) House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer, Second Chamber) Lower 150 111,533 4,693 Website
Senate (Eerste Kamer, First Chamber) Upper 75 223,066 9,387 Website
 New Zealand House of Representatives Unicameral 120 33,566 1,018 Website
 Nicaragua National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 92 64,034 205 Website
 Niger National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 113 139,210 102 Website
 Nigeria National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 360 388,898 1,148 Website
Senate Upper 109 1,284,436 3,792 Website
 Na Uy Great Assembly[4] (Storting) Unicameral proportional mixed 169 29,785 1,573 Website
 Oman Consultative Assembly[14] (Majlis al-Shura) Unicameral 84 33,017 973 Website
Assembly of State[15] (Majlis al-Dawla) Unicameral 83 Website
 Pakistan Parliament of Pakistan (پارلیمنٹ) National Assembly (ایوان زیریں پاکستان) Lower 336 537,023 1,454 Website
Senate (ایوانِ بالا)[16] Upper 104 1,735,000 4,697 Website
 Palau National Congress (Olbiil era Kelulau) House of Delegates[2] Lower majority rule 16 1,309 17
Senate[2] Upper majority rule 9 2,328 31
 Panama National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 71 47,969 712 Website
 Papua New Guinea National Parliament Unicameral 109 56,766 154 Website
 Paraguay Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 80 80,681 441 Website
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 45 143,434 785 Website
 Peru Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 130 217,082 2,322 Website
 Philippines Congress (Kongreso) House of Representatives (Kapulungán ng mga Kinatawán / Mababang Kapulungán / Cámara de Representantes) Lower 3 closed list and first-past-the-post 286 362,849 1,365 Website
Senate (Senado / Mataás na Kapulungán) Upper 6 bloc voting 24 4,323,958 16,267 Website
 Ba Lan National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe)[17] Sejm (Diet)[4] (Sejm) Lower 4 proportional open list 460 83,697 1,677 Website
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 majority 100 385,010 7,716 Website
 Bồ Đào Nha Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral proportional party list 230 45,920 1,082 Website
 Qatar Consultative Assembly[18] (Majlis ash-Shura) Unicameral 35 52,958 5,200
 România Parliament (Parlamentul) Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) Lower 326 58,416 819 Website
Senate (Senat) Upper 137 139,005 1,950 Website
 Nga Federal Assembly (Федеральное Собрание Federalnoye Sobraniye) State Duma[4] (Государственная Дума Gosudarstvennaya Duma) Lower proportional party list 450 318,000 5,296 Website
Federation Council (Совет Федерации Sovet Federatsii) Upper 166 862,048 14,357 Website
 Rwanda Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko) Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite) Lower 80 146,121 171 Website
Senate (Umutwe wa Sena) Upper 26 449,603 526 Website
 Saint Kitts & Nevis National Assembly Unicameral 15 3,686 58
 Saint Lucia Parliament House of Assembly Lower 17 10,221 123
Senate Upper 11 15,796 191
 Saint Vincent & Grenadines House of Assembly Unicameral 21 5,714 59
 Samoa Legislative Assembly[4] (Fono) Unicameral 49 3,965 22 Website
 San Marino Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale) Unicameral 60 536 18 Website
 São Tomé và Príncipe National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 55 3,330 6 Website
 Ả Rập Saudi Consultative Assembly[19] (Majlis ash-Shura) Unicameral 150 189,175 4,551 Website
 Sénégal Parliament National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 150 85,701 167 Website
Senate (Sénat) Upper 100 128,551 251
 Serbia National Assembly (Народна скупштина / Narodna Skupština) Unicameral 250 28,482 315 Website
 Seychelles National Assembly Unicameral 31 2,709 72
 Sierra Leone Parliament Unicameral 124 40,136 41 Website
 Singapore Parliament Unicameral 99 52,360 3,180 Website
 Slovakia National Council (Národná rada) Unicameral 150 35,980 846 Website
 Slovenia Parliament (Državni zbor Republike Slovenije) National Assembly (Državni zbor) Lower 90 22,779 643 Website
National Council (Državni svet)[20] Upper 40 51,254 1,447 Website
 Quần đảo Solomon National Parliament Unicameral 50 10,460 34 Website
 Somalia Federal Parliament[2] House of the People Lower 275 36,675 21
Senate Upper 56
 Nam Phi Parliament National Assembly Lower 400 126,466 1,387 Website
National Council of Provinces Upper 90 562,075 6,168 Website
 Nam Sudan National Legislature Council of States Upper
National Legislature Assembly Lower 170 48,591
 Tây Ban Nha General Courts[4] (Cortes Generales) Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) Lower 350 131,894 4,038 Website
Senate (Senado) Upper 266 173,545 5,313 Website
 Sri Lanka Parliament (ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව (Sinhala)/

இலங்கை பாராளுமன்றம் (Tamil))[2]

Unicameral 225 90,122 517 Website
 Sudan National Legislature National Assembly (Majlis Watani) Lower 450 68,653 197 Website
Assembly of States (Majlis Welayat) Upper 50 617,880 1,780 Website
 Suriname National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée) Unicameral 51 10,470 99 Website
 Swaziland Parliament (Liblanda) House of Assembly[2] Lower majority 55 22,181 113
Senate[2] Upper appointed by the King 30 40,666 207
 Thụy Điển The Riksdag Unicameral proportional 349 27,286 1,093 Website
 Syria People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'ab) Unicameral 250 86,964 Website
 Thụy Sĩ Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale) National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil National, Consiglio Nazionale) Lower 200 40,000 1,699 Website
Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des Etats, Consiglio degli Stati) Upper 46 173,913 7,388 Website
 Tajikistan Supreme Assembly (Majlisi Oli) Assembly of Representatives (Majlisi Mamoyandogan) Lower 63 123,809 257
National Assembly (Majlisi Milliy) Upper 33 236,363 491
 Tanzania National Assembly (Bunge) Unicameral 357 120,974 178 Website
 Thái Lan National Assembly (รัฐสภา;Rathasapha) House of Representatives (สภาผู้แทนราษฎร; Saphaputhan Ratsadon) Lower 500 130,958 1,204 Website
Senate (วุฒิสภา;Wuthisapha) Upper 150 436,529 4,013 Website
 Togo National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 81 76,434 79 Website
 Tonga Legislative Assembly Unicameral 26 3,962 29 Website
 Trinidad & Tobago Parliament House of Representatives Lower 41 32,139 647 Website
Senate Upper 31 42,506 856 Website
 Tunisia National Constituent Assembly (المجلس التأسيسي الوطني al-Majlis al-Waṭanī at-Ta’sīsī) Unicameral 217 49,188 465 Website
 Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) Unicameral 550 135,862 1,951 Website
 Turkmenistan Assembly (Mejlis) Unicameral 125 41,360 346
 Tuvalu Parliament (Palamene) Unicameral 15 666 2 Website
 Uganda National Assembly Unicameral 375 87,839 123 Website
 Ukraina Supreme Council (Верховна Рада Verkhovna Rada) Unicameral 450 101,248 732 Website
 Các Tiểu vương quốc Ả Rập Thống nhất Federal National Assembly (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي Majlis Watani Ittihad) Unicameral 40 206,601 6,470 Website
 Anh Quốc Parliament House of Commons Lower 5 majority 650 95,787 3,478 Website
House of Lords Upper 765 81,388 2,955 Website
 Hoa Kỳ Quốc hội Hạ viện Hạ viện 2 majority 435 722,636 34,698 Website
Thượng viện Thượng viện 6 majority 100 576,412-38,041,430 Website
 Uruguay General Assembly (Asamblea General) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 99 33,195 514 Website
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)
Upper 30 109,543 1,696 Website
 Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) Legislative Chamber[2] Lower 150 194,156 634 Website
Senate[2] Upper 100 291,234 952 Website
 Vanuatu Parliament (Parlement) Unicameral 4 52 Website
 Venezuela National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 165 175,430 2,267 Website
 Việt Nam Quốc hội (Quoc Hoi) Đơn viện 498 176,385 602 Website
 Vatican Ủy ban Giáo hoàng (Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano) Đơn viện 7 114
 Yemen Hội nghị Đại biểu (Majlis al-Nuwaab) Đơn viện 301 81,485 192
 Zambia National Assembly Unicameral 150 87,284 145 Website
 Zimbabwe Nghị viện House of Assembly Hạ viện 210 61,971 29
Thượng viện Thượng viện 40 325,350 153

Tham khảo[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  1. ^ Article 7(3) Treaty of Lisbon: Protocol ON THE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SUBSIDIARITY AND PROPORTIONALITY
  2. ^ a ă â b c d đ e ê g h i k l m n o ô Native name not available
  3. ^ a ă The head of state is a constituent part of the parliament too.
  4. ^ a ă â b c d đ e ê g h i k l m n o ô ơ p q r s t u ư The native name is also used in English.
  5. ^ The PRC has also a Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì), which is a political advisory body but not a legislature.
  6. ^ Also: Temsilciler Meclisi
  7. ^ Also: Riksdag
  8. ^ Also: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale)
  9. ^ Also: Chambre des Députés
  10. ^ Also: Assemblée nationale
  11. ^ Transliterally, People's Hall
  12. ^ Transliterally, Nation's Hall
  13. ^ In English State Great Khural is used too.
  14. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative tasks
  15. ^ The Assembly of State has only consultative tasks
  16. ^ ur:ایوانِ بالا
  17. ^ Name used only on those rare occasions when both houses sit together
  18. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative task
  19. ^ The appointed Consultative Assembly has only legislative tasks
  20. ^ Lakota, Igor (2006). Sistem nepopolne dvodomnosti v slovenskem parlamentu (diplomska naloga) [The system of incomplete bicameralism in the Slovenian Parliament (diploma thesis)] (bằng Slovene). Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. tr. 62. Truy cập ngày 16 tháng 12 năm 2010. “Opinions differ, however the majority of domestic experts agree that the National Council may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete.”