Barbara McClintock

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Barbara McClintock
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Sinh 16 tháng 6, 1902(1902-06-16)
Hartford, Connecticut, Hoa Kỳ
Mất 2 tháng 9, 1992 (90 tuổi)
Huntington, New York, Hoa Kỳ
Quốc tịch Hoa Kỳ
Ngành Di truyền học tế bào
Alma mater Đại học Cornell
Nổi tiếng vì Công trình về cấu trúc gen của ngô
Giải thưởng Giải Nobel Sinh lý và Y khoa (1983)

Barbara McClintock (16/6/1902 – 2/9/1992), là nhà khoa học Hoa Kỳ được nhận giải Nobel Sinh lý học hay Y học, bà là một trong những nhà khoa học xuất sắc nhất thế giới trong lĩnh vực di truyền học tế bào. McClintock được nhận bằng tiến sĩ thực vật học từ Đại học Cornell vào năm 1927, và cũng ở đại học này bà trở thành người dẫn đầu trong nghiên cứu di truyền học tế bào của ngô.

Giải thưởng và Vinh dự[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

Tác phẩm chính[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  • McClintock, Barbara (1929) "A cytological and genetical study of triploid maize". Genetics 14:180–222
  • Creighton, Harriet B., and McClintock, Barbara (1931) "A Correlation of Cytological and Genetical Crossing-Over in Zea Mays". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 17:492–497
  • McClintock, Barbara (1931) "The order of the genes C, Sh, and Wx in Zea Mays with reference to a cytologically known point in the chromosome". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 17:485–91
  • McClintock, Barbara (1941) "The stability of broken ends of chromosomes in Zea Mays". Genetics 26:234–82
  • McClintock, Barbara (1945) "Neurospora: preliminary observations of the chromosomes of Neurospora crassa". American Journal of Botany. 32:671–78
  • McClintock, Barbara (1950) "The origin and behavior of mutable loci in maize". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 36:344–55
  • McClintock, Barbara (1953) "Induction of instability at selected loci in maize". Genetics 38:579–99
  • McClintock, Barbara (1961) "Some parallels between gene control systems in maize and in bacteria". American Naturalist 95:265–77
  • McClintock, Barbara., Kato, T. A. & Blumenschein, A. (1981) Chromosome constitution of races of maize. Its significance in the interpretation of relationships between races and varieties in the Americas.. Colegio de Postgraduados, Chapingo, Mexico

Đọc thêm[sửa | sửa mã nguồn]

  • Bogdanov, Yu. F. (2002) A life devoted to science. In "Commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Barbara McClintock". Russian Journal of Genetics 38:984–87. PMID 12430570
  • Fedoroff, Nina V. (1995). Barbara McClintock. Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Science. 68:211–36.
  • Fedoroff, Nina V. 2002. "The well mangled McClintock myth". Trends in Genetics 18 (7): 378-379.
  • Kass, L. B. 1999. "Current list of Barbara McClintock's publications". Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter 73: 42-48. Available online, 1998: Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter
  • Kass, Lee B. 2000. "McClintock, Barbara, American botanical geneticist, 1902-1992". pp. 66–69, in Plant Sciences. edited by R. Robinson. Macmillan Science Library, USA.
  • Kass, L. B. 2002. "The Tangled Field, by N. Comfort". Isis. 93 (4): 729-730.
  • Kass, L. B., 2004. Identification of photographs for the Barbara McClintock papers on the National Library of Medicine website. Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter 78: 24-26, available online, 2003: Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter
  • Kass Lee, B. 2007. Harriet B. Creighton (1909–2004), on Women Pioneers in Plant Biology, American Society of Plant Biologists website, edited by Ann Hirsch. Published online, February 2007: American Society of Plant Biologists
  • Kass Lee, B. 2007. Barbara McClintock (1902–1992), on Women Pioneers in Plant Biology, American Society of Plant Biologists website, Ann Hirsch editor. Published online, March 2007: American Society of Plant Biologists
  • Kass, L. B. and R. P. Murphy. 2003. "Will the real Maize Genetics Garden please stand up?" Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter. 77: 41-43. Available online, 2003: Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter
  • Kass, L. B and W. B. Provine. 1999 (&1998). Formerly restricted interview with Barbara McClintock, now available at Cornell University Archives. Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter. 73: 41. Available online, 1998: Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter
  • Kass, Lee B. Chris Bonneuil, and Ed Coe. 2005. "Cornfests, cornfabs and cooperation: The origins and beginnings of the Maize Genetics Cooperation News Letter". Genetics 169 (April): 1787-1797. Available online, May 6, 2005: Genetics Society of America
  • Murphy, R.P. and L.B. Kass. 2007. Evolution of Plant Breeding at Cornell University: A Centennial History, 1907-2006. Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, pp. 1–98, Appendices A1-A98, Photo Section P1-P38. (July 2007).
  • Kass, Lee B. 2007b. Barbara McClintock (1902–1992), on Women Pioneers in Plant Biology, American Society of Plant Biologists website, Ann Hirsch editor. Published online, March 2007: http://www.aspb.org/committees/women/pioneers.cfm#McClintock
  • Kass, Lee B. 2007a. Harriet B. Creighton (1909–2004), on Women Pioneers in Plant Biology, American Society of Plant Biologists website, Ann Hirsch editor. Published online, February 2007: http://www.aspb.org/committees/women/pioneers.cfm#Creighton
  • Kass, Lee B. and E. Cobb. 2007. Landmarks and milestones in American plant biology, the Cornell connection. Plant Science Bulletin 53(3, fall): 90-101). Available online, Sept 2007: http://www.botany.org/plantsciencebulletin/psb-2007-53-3.pdf
  • Kass, L. B. 2009. Barbara McClintock’s contributions to Biological Abstracts: Another Cornell connection. Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter 83: 20-21. http://www.agron.missouri.edu/mnl/83/pdf%20files/20Kass.pdf [issued Nov 1, 2009]
  • Kass, L. B. and Chomet, P. 2009. Barbara McClintock, Pgs. 17-52, in J. Bennetzen and S. Hake, Editors, Handbook of Maize: Genetics and Genomics. Springer.
  • Jones, R.N. 2005. "McClintock's controlling elements: the full story". Cytogenetics Research 109:90–103 PMID 15753564
  • Lamberts, William J. (2000) "McClintock, Barbara". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press
  • McClintock, Barbara. (1987). The discovery and characterization of transposable elements: the collected papers of Barbara *McClintock, ed John A. Moore. Garland Publishing, Inc., ISBN 0-8240-1391-3.
  • Fedoroff, Nina V and Botstein, David (1993) The Dynamic Genome: Barbara McClintock's Ideas in the Century of Genetics. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York. ISBN 0-87969-396-7

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